Frederick Dobson Middleton

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General
Sir Frederick Dobson Middleton
KCMG, CB
FrederickMiddleton.jpg
Sir Frederick Middleton
Born 4 November 1825
Belfast, Ireland
Died 25 January 1898 (1898-01-26) (aged 72)
London, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Canada
Service/branch British Army
Canadian Militia
Years of service 1845–1890
Rank General
Commands held Royal Military College, Sandhurst
General Officer Commanding the Canadian Militia
Battles/wars New Zealand Wars
Indian Mutiny
North-West Rebellion
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Frederick Dobson Middleton KCMG CB (4 November 1825 – 25 January 1898) was a British general noted for his service throughout the Empire and particularly in the North-West Rebellion.

Military career[edit]

Educated at Maidstone Grammar School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Middleton was commissioned into the 58th Regiment of Foot in 1842.[1]

He served in the New Zealand Wars and in 1845, he was mentioned in dispatches for his part in the capture of the stronghold of Māori chief Te Ruki Kawiti.[1]

In 1848 he transferred to the 96th Regiment of Foot in India and took part in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny in which campaign he was recommended for, but not actually awarded, the Victoria Cross.[1] He went on to be Commandant of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1879.[1]

He was appointed General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada in 1884.[1] In 1885 a group of [Métis people (Canada)|Métis]] launched the North-West Rebellion, and Middleton was named commander of the main force sent to put it down.[1] After a defeat at the Battle of Fish Creek, his force arrived at Batoche, Saskatchewan and was victorious in the Battle of Batoche.[1] For his service in the war, Middleton was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1885.[1] He also received the thanks of the Parliament of Canada and the sum of $20,000.[1]

He resigned as head of the Militia in 1890 when a select committee of the House of Commons criticized him for the misappropriation of furs from a Métis prisoner, Charles Bremner, during the rebellion.[1] There were also other criticisms of Middleton's command during the Rebellion, such as his hesitancy to unleash the Canadian militia troops to assault the Metis positions at Batoche, and unfair treatmant and poor maintenance accorded the troops under his command. [2]

Family[edit]

Frederick Dobson Middleton married, as his first wife, Mary Emily Hassall.[1]

Lady Marie Cecile Eugenie Middleton

He married in February 1870 as his second wife, Marie Cecile Eugénie Doucet, daughter of Theodore Doucet, N.P., of Montreal. She was born in Montreal in 1846, and was educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Sault-au-Recollet. The couple had two sons and a daughter. She died at Tateley, Hants, England, 1 November 1899.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  2. ^ Joseph Hicks, "With Hatton's Scouts in Pursuit of Big Bear" repro. in Hughes, The Frog Lake "Massacre" (1976
  3. ^ Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903)
Military offices
Preceded by
Richard Luard
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
1884–1890
Succeeded by
Lord Treowen