Freedom, New York
|Freedom, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Barbara D. George (D)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||41.3 sq mi (107.0 km2)|
|• Land||41.0 sq mi (106.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||1,686 ft (514 m)|
|• Density||59/sq mi (22.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978973|
The first settlers arrived in December 1811. Modern historians have found no specific reason why the town was named Freedom.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km2), of which 41.0 square miles (106.2 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 0.80%, is water.
Adjacent towns and areas
To the east is the town of Centerville in Allegany County, and to the west are the towns of Yorkshire and Machias. The north town line is formed with the town of Arcade in Wyoming County. The town of Farmersville is on the south.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,493 people, 871 households, and 680 families residing in the town. The population density was 61.8 people per square mile (23.9/km²). There were 1,033 housing units at an average density of 25.6 per square mile (9.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.88% White, 0.16% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
There were 871 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,654, and the median income for a family was $36,061. Males had a median income of $27,380 versus $22,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,145. About 12.2% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Daniel F. Bakeman, last surviving veteran of the American Revolutionary War and party to the longest marriage on record
Communities and locations in Freedom
- Camp Scouthaven – A Greater Niagara Frontier Council camp south of Freedom.
- Crystal Lake – A small lake adjacent to NY-98, south of Freedom village.
- Elton – a hamlet in the southwest corner of the town. It was previously called "Coles Settlement," after early pioneers.
- Elton Station – A location south of Elton village.
- Fairview – A hamlet at the southeast corner of the town by the western terminus of NY Route 243.
- Freedom – The hamlet of Freedom is in the eastern part of town.
- Sandusky – a hamlet on Clear Creek near the northern town line on NY Route 98. The settlement was first occupied around 1824 by the construction of a tavern.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Freedom town, Cattaraugus County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- Nease, Gary (December 19, 2011). Freedom turns 200. WPIG. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.