|Regions with significant populations|
|Port-au-Prince, Pétion-Ville, Jacmel, Fond-des-Blancs|
|French · Haitian Creole|
|Related ethnic groups|
|French people, White Haitians, French Canadians, Québécois, Acadians, Cajuns|
The story begins with the issuing of French adventurers in the Tortuga Island, which was close to another Spanish colony. As a result in the late 17th century, the French had de facto control of the island close to the Spanish colony. The wars of Louis XIV of France in Europe finally convinced the Spaniards to give the island to the French under to the Treaty on Ryswick (1697). The French called their new colony Saint-Domingue. And they began transforming the settlement into a large sugar plantation. Later the Frenchmen began to bring large numbers of African slaves to work on plantations, the destruction of the Taino and African imports changed the demographics of St Domingue. By the late 17th century, the French made up 90% of the nation, with more than 1,000 settlers and their descendants (note that Haiti had a European past), but as the number of black people grew faster, they acceded to a mix between French and black people, which resulted in a fast growth of mulattos, although in some cases the mixing occurred two or more times. The French could notice that some mulatto were clearer than others. By the early 18th century, mulattos and slaves started to compose the majority of the colony, blacks continued to be used as slaves for the production of sugar, which was in demand in Western Europe. That made the French put much pressure and cruelty to blacks to speed the production.
Haitian massacres and slave revolt
For 1791, the first revolt of slaves and mulattos got up, which consisted blacks demanded their rights, to abandon slavery, and equal skin color, this fault with indignation in Paris and whites in Saint-Domingue the white man lynched blacks and mulattos that fell into their hands, no matter their gender or age. Then another stood up to 1804, this time led by the slaves: Toussaint Louverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines, but this what slaves joined and massacred in a brutal form to whites who lived in the colony, as well as their descendants in that colony. This produced a notable reduction of French people in Haiti, whites Haitians and the economy Haiti, and of being an producing colony, it became a country who use the livelihoods as in Africa.
Notable French Haitians
- Joseph Bunel
- Charles Frédéric Chassériau
- Marie-Madeleine Lachenais
- Josaphat-Robert Large
- Jean-Louis Michel
- Historical Boys'Clothing Haitian History: French Colony--Saint Domingo (1697-1791) Retrieved, 28/11/2014.
- El Militante La revolución de los esclavos en Santo Domingo - Haití (1791-1803) Retrieved, 28/11/2014.