High Street looking east
|Population||19,094 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference||SU875578|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01276, 01252|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
Frimley is a town in the Borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England, approximately 30 mi (48 km) southwest of central London. The town is of Saxon origin, although it is not listed in Domesday Book of 1086.
Train services to Frimley (on the line between Ascot and Aldershot), are operated by South Western Railway.
The name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by Chertsey Abbey from 673 to 1537 and was a farming village. More recently it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years.[n 1]
Frimley was not listed in Domesday Book of 1086, but is shown on the map as Fremely, its spelling in 933 AD.
Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters, Egham. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.
An 1811 inventory from Frimley, a Workhouse, can be seen on the Surrey County Council website.
The present St. Peter's Church was built in 1826 replacing earlier buildings. The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior. Dame Ethel Smyth once preached from the pulpit.
In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson (1870–1932) was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.
In 1930 Marjorie Foster became the first woman to win the Sovereign's Prize for shooting. She received £250, a gold medal and a personal telegram from the King. She was carried in a chair by the spectators while she was filmed by Pathe News. She was returned to Frimley on their fire engine and toured the town. Frimley gave her a car paid by public subscription,.
In 1931 the staff at Frimley Cottage Hospital were unable to save the life of Lieutenant Hubert Chevis, who had been admitted, along with his wife Frances, after eating poisoned partridge meat. He died of strychnine poisoning. The case remains an unsolved murder mystery.
In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.
2 December 1958, a Hunting-Clan Vickers Viscount 732 (registration: G-ANRR) on a test flight following a major overhaul. While flying at 1,000 ft (300 m) 10 minutes after takeoff from London Airport, the aircraft lost its starboard wing. This caused the aircraft to crash near the village and catch fire, killing all six occupants. Accident investigators established the reverse operation of the elevator spring tab as the probable cause. Incorrect maintenance of the spring tab mechanism and failure to notice the tab's faulty operation as a result of negligence on the part of maintenance personnel, who were responsible for inspecting the aircraft before returning it to service, involved the pilot in command in involuntary manoeuvres that overstressed the aircraft. This in turn resulted in the aircraft's right wing breaking off.
The main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart. Frimley Park Hospital is within the boundaries. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems, which occupies a building off Lyon Way. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007.
Frimley Business Park is to the west on a north–south road, the A331. It has offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals.
The usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which also covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Parkside, neighbourhoods Camberley of (its post town) and the distinct villages of Frimley Green, Mytchett and Deepcut.
Industries of Work
The working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:
|Sector||% in Frimley||South East||UK|
|A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||0.1||0.7||0.8|
|B Mining and Quarrying||0.1||0.1||0.2|
|D Electricity, Gas Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||0.2||0.6||0.6|
|E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||0.4||0.7||0.7|
|G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles||14.8||15.6||15.9|
|H Transport and Storage||5.3||5.2||5.0|
|I Accommodation and Food Service Activities||4.2||5.0||5.6|
|J Information and Communication||6.6||5.5||4.1|
|K Financial and Insurance Activities||4.2||4.5||4.4|
|L Real Estate Activities||1.2||1.4||1.5|
|M Professional Scientific and Technical Activities||7.2||7.5||6.7|
|N Administrative and Support Service Activities||4.9||5.2||4.9|
|O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security||5.1||6.0||5.9|
|Q Human Health and Social Work Activities||18.6||11.6||12.4|
|R to U (Other)||4.8||5.1||5.0|
The ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:
|% of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
The proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive (other) category were fewer:
|Category||Frimley||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
|Economically inactive: other||1.3||1.8||1.8||2.2|
|Economically inactive: looking after home or family||4.0||4.4||4.4||4.4|
Those who replied that again there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 0.1% less than the national average.[n 2]
Frimley railway station provides access to Guildford, Ascot and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railway (a tourist attraction) is also nearby.
The town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4.
There are a number of schools in Frimley including: The Grove Primary School, Lakeside Primary School, Ravenscote Junior School, Tomlinscote School and St Augustine's Roman Catholic Primary School.
Frimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago. It runs four teams, and the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground.
- James Cobbett, famous cricketer and considered by many as the finest all-rounder of his day, was born in Frimley on 12 January 1804.
- Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Union and one of the most famous players in international professional rugby was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 1979./
- Lady Louise Windsor granddaughter of Elizabeth II and niece of Charles III was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 2003.
- The Earl of Wessex grandson of Elizabeth II and nephew of Charles III was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 2007.
- Paul Darke, academic, artist and disability rights activist, was born in Frimley.
- Toby Flood was born in Frimley in 1985.
- Chris Benham (cricketer) was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983. He has played county cricket for Hampshire.
- John McFall, British Paralympic sprinter, was born on 25 April 1981 in Frimley.
- Other sportsmen born in Frimley include cricketers James Lawrell (born 1780) and Richard Ingleby Jefferson (born 1941); and footballers Vic Niblett (born 1924), Martin Kuhl (born 1965) and Danny Byrne (born 1984).
- Garth Walford, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Sir Harry Broadhurst, Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force
- Lucy Rose, folk-musician
- Greg Bateman (born 1989), premiership rugby player for Leicester Tigers, formerly of London Welsh and Exeter Chiefs
- John Paul Wellington Furse (1904-1978) GCB, OBE, VMH, Naval Officer who became a Rear-Admiral, painter and botanical illustrator and later a plant hunter
Daphne du Maurier wrote most of her fourth novel, Jamaica Inn, in 1935 in Frimley where her soldier husband Frederick (Boy) Browning was based.
Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and later purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley. Her family moved to Frimley Green in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artillery at Aldershot.
Notable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley include:
- John Frederick Lewis (d. 1876), a 19th-century painter
- (Francis) Bret Harte (d. 1902), the American author
- William George Cubitt (d. 1903), who won the Victoria Cross in the Indian Mutiny for saving three men's lives at the risk of his own during the retreat from Chinhut
- Charles Wellington Furse (d. 1904) a 19th-century painter
- Sir Doveton Sturdee (d. 1925) a British admiral who decisively defeated the German squadron under Graf Maximilian von Spee at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914, for which he was made a baronet
- Sir Charles Melliss VC (d. 1936), First World War general
- Arthur Cocks (d.1944), first-class cricketer and the first British Army officer to be killed on D-Day
- George Edward Lodge, an illustrator of birds and an authority on falconry, died in Frimley on 5 February 1954.
- John Pennycuick (d. 1911), was a British East India Engineer who is remembered for his work in Colonial South India. He sold his personal assets to complete the construction of Mullaiperiyar Dam. Even today, Many of the farmer families of the Theni and Madurai districts still keep portraits of Pennycuick and worship him as a god.
In one of the Just William books by Richmal Crompton, William visits an aunt in Frimley for a few days.
Charles Kingsley refers to "a series of letters on the Frimley murder" in his Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet.
There is a brief mention of Frimley in Stephen King's Nightmares & Dreamscapes in the short story Crouch End. It reads: 'He did indeed move into council housing, a two-above-the-shops in Frimley'.
In The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton), chapter 18 tells of the trial of a bricklayer who, in a prize fight on Frimley Common, unfortunately killed his opponent. He appeared in court dressed as a young clergyman and was found innocent of the manslaughter charge because of doubts over his identity.
Notes and references
- ^ The alternative London-Southampton road passed by Chobham Common which had more highwaymen than the A30 and from West Middx, Bucks, Berks, Oxon and the Midlands this formed a popular Portsmouth Road also, linking to the most direct one from London via Guildford to Portsmouth.
- ^ 4.3% compared to 4.4% nationally
- ^ a b c d e f g "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 October 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
- ^ Surrey Heath Borough Council (2005). "History of Surrey Heath". surreyheath.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- ^ John Garnons Williams (10 September 2000). "Domesday Sudrie (Surrey) – The Domesday entries for and the meanings of the Domesday place-names appearing on the Surrey historical map". Domesday Collection. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
- ^ Andrew Roberts (2002). "Part of the Asylums Index: South East England". The Lunacy Commission, a study of its origin, emergence and character. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- ^ a b The Parish Office. "St Peter's Church". The Parish of Frimley. Archived from the original on 2 May 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- ^ Julie Tancell (2001). "National Heart and Lung Institute". AIM25: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. Archived from the original on 20 June 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- ^ Imogen Lyons (6 January 2016). "Marjorie Foster: prize-winning rifle shot and poultry farmer". Intriguing People. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
- ^ "Surrey's bygone sporting heroes to be celebrated". BBC News. 19 January 2011. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
- ^ ""See The Conquering Heroine Comes" Again!". Pathé News. British Pathé. 21 July 1930. Archived from the original (Video) on 27 November 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
- ^ "Marjorie Foster (1893–1974)". Exploring Surrey's Past. Exploring Surrey's Past. Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
- ^ "Fatal poisoning of Lieutenant Chevis". Open University. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- ^ "History". Sussex Army Cadet Force. 2003. Archived from the original on 29 September 2005. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- ^ ASN Aircraft accident description Vickers Viscount 732 1 G-ANRR — London Heathrow Airport (LHR)
- ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Archived from the original on 13 October 2001. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- ^ Pete Bass (2006). "Frimley Town FC – 2005/06". Web-Teams. Archived from the original on 31 October 2005. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- ^ "Cricinfo – Players and Officials – James Cobbett". cricinfoengland. 2006. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- ^ "Jonny Wilkinson: A Who2 Profile". WHO2?. 2006. Archived from the original on 29 April 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- ^ "The Toby Flood interview". BBC Tyne. 2006. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- ^ "Chris Benham, England". Cricinfo – County Cricket 2008. 2008. Archived from the original on 20 September 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- ^ Ann Willmore (2002). "Review of Jamaica Inn". Daphne du Maurier Book Reviews. Archived from the original on 3 May 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2006.
- ^ "Ethel Smyth (1858–1944)". Literary Encyclopedia. 2004. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- ^ "Bret Harte – Biography and Works". The Literature Network. 2006. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- ^ Gert (2003). "Comments". mad musings of me. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2007.
- ^ "Alton Locke, Tailor And Poet by Rev. Charles Kingsley et al. – Full Text Free Book (Part 1/10)". FullTextArchive. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2006.
- ^ Brampton, Henry Hawkins (17 August 1904). "XVIII. The Prize-Fight on Frimley Common". In Richard Harris, K.C. (ed.). The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton). Archived from the original on 4 March 2006. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
Media related to Frimley at Wikimedia Commons