High Street looking east
|Frimley shown within Surrey|
|Population||6,178 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01276, 01252|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Frimley is a small English town situated 2 miles (3 km) south of Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire in the Borough of Surrey Heath. It is about 30 miles (50 km) south-west of Central London. The town is connected to the M3 motorway by the A331 Blackwater Valley Road. The village can be considered a slightly more developed twin of Frimley Green. Frimley became an urban district in 1894, and was renamed Frimley and Camberley in 1929.
The name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by Chertsey Abbey from 673 to 1537 and was a farming village. More recently it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years.[n 1]
Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters, Egham. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.
An 1811 inventory from Frimley, a Workhouse, can be seen on the Surrey County Council website.
In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson (1870–1932) was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.
In 1931 the staff at Frimley Cottage Hospital were unable to save the life of Lieutenant Hubert Chevis, who had been admitted, along with his wife Frances, after eating poisoned partridge meat. He died of strychnine poisoning. The case remains an unsolved murder mystery.
In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.
The main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, banks, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart. Frimley Park Hospital is situated in the town. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems, which occupies a building off Lyon Way. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007.
Frimley Business Park is situated just to the west of the town on the A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road. Frimley Business Park houses offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals.
The usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which also covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Parkside, neighbourhoods Camberley of (its post town) and the distinct villages of Frimley Green, Mytchett and Deepcut.
Industries of Work
The working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:
|Sector||% in Frimley||South East||UK|
|A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||0.1||0.7||0.8|
|B Mining and Quarrying||0.1||0.1||0.2|
|D Electricity, Gas Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||0.2||0.6||0.6|
|E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||0.4||0.7||0.7|
|G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles||14.8||15.6||15.9|
|H Transport and Storage||5.3||5.2||5.0|
|I Accommodation and Food Service Activities||4.2||5.0||5.6|
|J Information and Communication||6.6||5.5||4.1|
|K Financial and Insurance Activities||4.2||4.5||4.4|
|L Real Estate Activities||1.2||1.4||1.5|
|M Professional Scientific and Technical Activities||7.2||7.5||6.7|
|N Administrative and Support Service Activities||4.9||5.2||4.9|
|O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security||5.1||6.0||5.9|
|Q Human Health and Social Work Activities||18.6||11.6||12.4|
|R to U (Other)||4.8||5.1||5.0|
The ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:
|% of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
The proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive (other) category were fewer:
|Category||Frimley||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
|Economically inactive: other||1.3||1.8||1.8||2.2|
|Economically inactive: looking after home or family||4.0||4.4||4.4||4.4|
The town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4.
There are a number of schools in Frimley including: The Grove Primary School, Lakeside Primary School, Ravenscote Junior School, Tomlinscote School and St Augustine's RC Primary School.
Frimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago. It runs four teams, and the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground.
- James Cobbett, famous cricketer and considered by many as the finest all-rounder of his day, was born in Frimley on 12 January 1804.
- Frimley Park Hospital was the birthplace in 1979 of Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Union and one of the most famous players in international professional rugby, and Lady Louise Windsor in 2003.
- James, Viscount Severn was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 2007.
- Jonny Wilkinson's England team-mate Toby Flood was born in Frimley in 1985.
- Chris Benham (cricketer) was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983. He has played county cricket for Hampshire.
- John McFall, British Paralympic sprinter, was born on 25 April 1981 in Frimley.
- Other sportsmen born in Frimley include cricketers James Lawrell (born 1780) and Richard Ingleby Jefferson (born 1941); and footballers Vic Niblett (born 1924) and Martin Kuhl (born 1965).
- Jacqueline Cass MBE, founder and head coach of the Thames Valley Kings Junior Wheelchair Basketball team was born in Frimley on 22 July 1985
- Garth Walford, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Sir Harry Broadhurst, Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force
- Lucy Rose, folk-musician
Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and later purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley. Her family moved to Frimley Green in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artillery at Aldershot. Daphne du Maurier wrote most of her fourth novel, Jamaica Inn, in 1935 in Frimley where her soldier husband Frederick (Boy) Browning was based.
Notable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley include:
- John Frederick Lewis (d. 1876), a 19th-century painter
- (Francis) Bret Harte (d. 1902), the American author
- William George Cubitt (d. 1903), who won the Victoria Cross in the Indian Mutiny for saving three men's lives at the risk of his own during the retreat from Chinhut
- Charles Wellington Furse (d. 1904) a 19th-century painter
- Sir Doveton Sturdee (d. 1925) a British admiral who decisively defeated the German squadron under Graf Maximilian von Spee at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914, for which he was made a baronet
- George Edward Lodge, an illustrator of birds and an authority on falconry, died in Frimley on 5 February 1954.
In The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton), chapter 18 tells of the trial of a bricklayer who, in a prize fight on Frimley Common, unfortunately killed his opponent. He appeared in court dressed as a young clergyman and was found innocent of the manslaughter charge because of doubts over his identity.
Notes and references
- The alternative London-Southampton road passed by Chobham Common which had more highwaymen than the A30 and from West Middx, Bucks, Berks, Oxon and the Midlands this formed a popular Portsmouth Road also, linking to the most direct one from London via Guildford to Portsmouth.
- 4.3% compared to 4.4% nationally
- 2011 Census
- "Frimley and Camberley Urban District". A Vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Surrey Heath Borough Council (2005). "History of Surrey Heath". surreyheath.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- John Garnons Williams (10 September 2000). "Domesday Sudrie (Surrey) – The Domesday entries for and the meanings of the Domesday place-names appearing on the Surrey historical map". Domesday Collection. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2007.
- Andrew Roberts (2002). "Part of the Asylums Index: South East England". The Lunacy Commission, a study of its origin, emergence and character. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- The Parish Office. "St Peter's Church". The Parish of Frimley. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- Julie Tancell (2001). "National Heart and Lung Institute". AIM25: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- "Fatal poisoning of Lieutenant Chevis". Open University. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- "History". Sussex Army Cadet Force. 2003. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- Pete Bass (2006). "Frimley Town FC – 2005/06". Web-Teams. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- "Cricinfo – Players and Officials – James Cobbett". cricinfoengland. 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- "Jonny Wilkinson: A Who2 Profile". WHO2?. 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- "The Toby Flood interview". BBC Tyne. 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "Chris Benham, England". Cricinfo – County Cricket 2008. 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- "Ethel Smyth (1858–1944)". Literary Encyclopedia. 2004. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- Ann Willmore (2002). "Review of Jamaica Inn". Daphne du Maurier Book Reviews. Archived from the original on 3 May 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2006.
- "Bret Harte – Biography and Works". The Literature Network. 2006. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
- Gert (2003). "Comments". mad musings of me. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2007.
- "Alton Locke, Tailor And Poet by Rev. Charles Kingsley et al. – Full Text Free Book (Part 1/10)". FullTextArchive. Retrieved 23 May 2006.
- Brampton, Henry Hawkins (17 August 1904). "XVIII. The Prize-Fight on Frimley Common". In Richard Harris, K.C. The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton). Retrieved 11 October 2008.
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