Fujiwara no Umakai

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Fujiwara no Umakai
Fujiwara no Umakai.jpg
Fujiwara no Umakai drawn by Kikuchi Yōsai
Born 694
Died 737
Nationality Japanese
Parents Fujiwara no Fuhito (father)
In this Japanese name, the family name is Fujiwara.

Fujiwara no Umakai (藤原 宇合?, 694 – September 7, 737) was a Japanese statesman, courtier, general and politician during the Nara period.[1] The third son of Fujiwara no Fuhito, he founded the Shikike ("Ceremonials") branch of the Fujiwara clan.


He was a diplomat during the reign of Empress Genshō;[2] and he was minister during the reign of Emperor Shōmu. In the Imperial court, Umakai was the chief of protocol (Shikibu-kyō).[3]


This member of the Fujiwara clan was son of Fujiwara no Fuhito.[1] Umakai had three brothers: Muchimaro, Fusasaki, and Maro. These four brothers are known for having established the "four houses" of the Fujiwara.[10]

Umakai's children included: Fujiwara no Hirotsugu[11] and Fujiwara no Momokawa[12]


  1. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fujiwara no Umakai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 211, p. 211, at Google Books; Brinkley, Frank et al. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era, p. 203., p. 203, at Google Books
  2. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 65, p. 65, at Google Books; see "Fousiwara-no Nokiafi", pre-Hepburn romanization
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Shikibu-kyō" at p. 856, p. 856, at Google Books
  4. ^ Fogel, Joshua. (1996). The Literature of Travel in the Japanese Rediscovery of China, p. 22, p. 22, at Google Books; excerpt, "Like Genbō, Kibi no Makibi remained in China after the embassy ships returned to Japan, returning home himself at the same time as Genbo seventeen years later."
  5. ^ Brinkley, p. 223., p. 223, at Google Books
  6. ^ Brinkley, p. 220., p. 220, at Google Books
  7. ^ Titsingh,p. 68, p. 68, at Google Books
  8. ^ Titsingh,p. 69, p. 69, at Google Books
  9. ^ Brinkley, p. 190., p. 190, at Google Books
  10. ^ Brinkley, p. 203., p. 203, at Google Books; excerpt, "Muchimaro's home, being in the south (nan) of the capital, was called Nan-ke; Fusazaki's, being in the north (hoku), was termed Hoku-ke; Umakai's was spoken of as Shiki-ke, since he presided over the Department of Ceremonies (shiki), and Maro's went by the name of Kyō-ke, this term also having reference to his office."
  11. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Hirotsugu" at p. 202, p. 202, at Google Books
  12. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Momokawa" at p. 206, p. 206, at Google Books