George Cholmondeley, 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
PC
George, 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley.jpg
The Earl of Rocksavage, 1821, from a portrait of the coronation of George IV
Lord Great Chamberlain of England
In office
19 July 1830 – 20 June 1837
Monarch William IV
Preceded by Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Succeeded by Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
In office
1817–1821
Personal details
Born George Horatio Cholmondeley
(1792-01-16)16 January 1792
Paris, France
Died 8 May 1870(1870-05-08) (aged 78)
Cholmondeley, Cheshire
Resting place Malpas, Cheshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Caroline Campbell (m. 1812; d. 1815)
Susan Somerset (m. 1830)
Residence Houghton Hall
Cholmondeley Castle
Religion Methodist

George Horatio Cholmondeley, 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley PC (/ˈʌmli/; 16 January 1792 – 8 May 1870), styled Viscount Malpas from 1792 to 1815 and subsequently Earl of Rocksavage until 1827, was a British peer and Lord Great Chamberlain of England between 1830 and 1838. Before being called to the House of Lords, he was a Tory Member of Parliament from 1817 through 1821.[1]

Background[edit]

Cholmondeley was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was the eldest son of George James Cholmondeley, who had been created the first Marquess of Cholmondeley in 1815. His mother was the former Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, second daughter and coheir of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[2] Lord George was educated at Eton, graduating in 1805.[1]

He participated in the coronation of King George IV in 1821, as one of eight eldest sons of peers holding the king's train. The others were the Earl of Surrey, Marquess of Douro, Viscount Cranborne, Earl of Brecknock, Earl of Uxbridge, Earl of Rawdon, Viscount Ingestre and Lord Francis Conyngham.

Personal life[edit]

After a brief interest in Catholicism, Cholmondeley became a devout Methodist.[1]

Cholmondeley married Caroline Campbell, second daughter of Sir Colin Campbell, on 20 October 1812, in Gibraltar. She died 12 October 1815.[1]

On 11 May 1830, he married Lady Susan Caroline Somerset, fourth daughter of Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort. Both of his marriages were childless.[2] The Dowager Marchioness Susan survived her husband by 16 years; she died in 1886.

Career[edit]

In 1817, Cholmondeley was elected to the House of Commons for Castle Rising, a seat he held until 1821, when he was called to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Newburgh. George's father stipulated that his eldest son replace him as a condition of his own resignation, to accommodate Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham, whose wife, Elizabeth, was the mistress of King George. Cholmondeley's younger brother, William Henry, was reportedly his father's favourite, and it was said that their father wanted his elder son out of the way "so that his second and favourite son, Lord Henry, may come into Parliament," which he did in 1822.[1]

In 1830, Cholmondeley was admitted to the Privy Council. In addition, he held the office of Constable of Castle Rising between 1858 and 1870.[1]

Lands and estates[edit]

The family seats are Houghton Hall in Norfolk, and Cholmondeley Castle, which is surrounded by a 7,500 acres (30 km2) estate near Malpas, Cheshire.[3]

The 2nd Marquess died in May 1870, aged 78, and was succeeded in his lands, estates and titles by his younger brother Henry.[1]

Position at court[edit]

One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Cholmondeley inheritance.[4] This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[5] The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquesate have all held this office.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Debrett, John, Charles Kidd, David Williamson. (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-38847-1
  • Lodge, Edmund. (1877). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing. London: Hurst and Blackett. OCLC 17221260

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Augustus Cavendish-Bradshaw
Fulk Greville Howard
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
1817–1821
With: Fulk Greville Howard
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley
Fulk Greville Howard
Court offices
Preceded by
The Lord Willoughby de Eresby
Lord Great Chamberlain
1830–1837
Succeeded by
The Lord Willoughby de Eresby
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George James Cholmondeley
Marquess of Cholmondeley
1827–1870
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Cholmondeley}
Baron Newburgh
(writ in acceleration)

1821–1870
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley