George Edwin King
|George Edwin King|
|2nd & 4th Premier of New Brunswick|
July 5, 1872 – May 3, 1878
|Governor||Lemuel Allan Wilmot
Samuel Leonard Tilley
|Preceded by||George Luther Hathaway|
|Succeeded by||John James Fraser|
June 9, 1870 – February 21, 1871
|Governor||Lemuel Allan Wilmot|
|Preceded by||Andrew Rainsford Wetmore|
|Succeeded by||George Luther Hathaway|
|MLA for Saint John County|
October 15, 1867 – June 11, 1878
Serving with Charles Nelson Skinner, John Hamilton Gray, James Quinton, Edward Willis, Michael Whalen Maher, Henry A. Austin, Joseph Coram, William Elder
|Preceded by||Robert Duncan Wilmot|
|Succeeded by||David McLellan|
|Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada|
September 21, 1893 – May 8, 1901
|Nominated by||John Sparrow David Thompson|
|Preceded by||Christopher Salmon Patterson|
|Succeeded by||Louis Henry Davies|
October 8, 1839|
Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
|Died||May 7, 1901
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Confederation Party|
|Spouse(s)||Lydia Eaton (m. 1866)|
|Children||1 son and 1 daughter|
|Residence||Metcalfe St, Ottawa|
|Alma mater||Wesleyan University|
King was born in Saint John, New Brunswick and attended Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut, where he received a B.A. in 1859 and a M.A. in 1862. He then served under articles to a senior lawyer in Saint John, Robert Leonard Hazen, was made an attorney in 1863, and was called to the bar in 1865.
King was elected to the first provincial legislature of the new Canadian Confederation in 1867 and served in the Confederation Party government as minister without portfolio. When Andrew R. Wetmore resigned, the Confederation Party became the Liberal-Conservatives and King became Premier in 1870. Some members of his caucus felt he was too close to the federal Conservatives of Sir John A. Macdonald and King was maneuvered out of the leadership by George L. Hathaway with King taking a position in the new cabinet. When Hathaway died in 1872, King became Premier for a second time serving until 1878.
One of King's major accomplishments was the Common Schools Act of 1871 which implemented a single, tax supported public school system. As Attorney General, King appeared in the courts to defend the Act from constitutional challenges, including appearing before the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, at that time the court of last resort for Canada within the British Empire, in the case of Maher v. Town Council of Portland, which upheld the Act.
- "Goes to the Bar Above". The Ottawa Journal. 8 May 1901. p. 9. Retrieved 27 December 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Edwin King.|
- Supreme Court of Canada Biography
- "George Edwin King". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
- Government of New Brunswick profile of Premier King
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