Hugh John Flemming

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For the 21st century New Brunswick politician see Ted Flemming (politician)

The Honourable
Hugh John Flemming
MLA, PC
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Carleton-Charlotte
In office
June 25, 1968 – October 30, 1972
Preceded by riding created
Succeeded by Fred McCain
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Victoria-Carleton
In office
June 18, 1962 – June 25, 1968
Preceded by Gage Montgomery
Succeeded by riding abolished
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Royal
In office
October 31, 1960 – June 18, 1962
Preceded by Alfred J. Brooks
Succeeded by Gordon Fairweather
MLA for Carleton
In office
August 28, 1944 – October 31, 1960
Serving with Fred C. Squires, Gladstone W. Perry, Jack Fraser, Fred McCain, Harrison Monteith, A. Edison Stairs
Preceded by Edwin W. Melville
Succeeded by Richard Hatfield
24th Premier of New Brunswick
In office
October 8, 1952 – July 11, 1960
Monarch Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor David L. MacLaren
Joseph Leonard O'Brien
Preceded by John B. McNair
Succeeded by Louis Robichaud
Personal details
Born (1899-01-05)January 5, 1899
Peel, New Brunswick
Died October 16, 1982(1982-10-16) (aged 83)
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Resting place Methodist Church Cemetery
Political party Progressive Conservative
Spouse(s) Aida McAnn (m. 1946)
Religion Protestant

Hugh John Flemming, PC (January 5, 1899, in Peel, New Brunswick, Canada – October 16, 1982, in Fredericton, New Brunswick) was a politician and the 24th Premier of New Brunswick.

He is always known as "Hugh John". The son of James Kidd Flemming, Premier of New Brunswick from 1911 to 1914, Hugh John Flemming was first elected to the province's Legislative Assembly in 1944 after more than twenty years as a municipal councillor. In 1951 he became leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick leading the party to victory on 22 September 1952. Flemming would then lead the 42nd New Brunswick Legislature, which ran from 11 February 1952 to 17 April 1956. He and his party were re-elected to govern the 43rd New Brunswick Legislature.

As Premier during two terms, Flemming modernized the province's hydro system, built the Beechwood Dam, then the largest hydro-electric project in the province, and presented a balanced budget every year in office.[citation needed]

Universal health care, which had been proposed formally by the St. Laurent government at the 1955 federal-provincial summit on taxation, would become his nemesis because of his reticence to sink the budget of the province.[1]

In 1960 his government was defeated because of the hospital tax, which had been set by his government at $50 per capita and which the Liberals promised to abolish while maintaining a balanced budget, and the Liberal promises to reform alcohol sales, and to revive the moose hunt.[2]

Following the defeat of his provincial government, he was named Minister of Forestry in the cabinet of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. He sought a seat in a by-election in southern New Brunswick in 1960 and was re-elected to his home district four times before he retired from the House of Commons of Canada in 1972. He became Minister of National Revenue in 1962, but in 1963 the then-minority government was defeated by the 25th Canadian Parliament, and he would spend his remaining years in Parliament on the opposition benches.

Legacy[edit]

Flemming's son, Hugh John Flemming, Jr. ran for a seat in the New Brunswick Legislature in 1974 but lost to Shirley Dysart by 73 votes. His grandson Ted Flemming was elected to the provincial legislature in the Rothesay by-election, 2012 and served as New Brunswick's minister of health from 2012 to 2014.

Flemming's family-run lumber mill in the village of Juniper, New Brunswick ran into financial difficulties in the late 1970s, but his friend Harrison McCain, organized an investment campaign that raised sufficient capital from businessmen to allow the mill to make a financial recovery. The company today is owned by Nexfor Inc. of Toronto, Ontario.[citation needed]

Flemming and his wife Aida are buried in the Methodist Church Cemetery in Woodstock, New Brunswick.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michel Cormier, Louis J. Robichaud - une révolution si peu tranquille, p.67
  2. ^ Michel Cormier, Louis J. Robichaud - une révolution si peu tranquille, p.101
  3. ^ "Gravestones & Inscriptions". Rootsweb. p. 5. Retrieved 7 July 2012. [dead link]

External links[edit]

18th Ministry – Cabinet of John Diefenbaker
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
George Nowlan Minister of National Revenue
1962–1963
Jack Garland
New portfolio Minister of Forestry
1960–1963
Martial Asselin