Gian Carlo de' Medici
Gian Carlo de' Medici painted by Baldassare Franceschini.
4 July 1611|
Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany
|Died||22 January 1663(aged 51)|
|Burial||The Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence, Tuscany|
|Grand Ducal||House of Medici|
|Father||Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Mother||Maria Maddalena of Austria|
Unlike his predecessor Urban VIII, Pope Innocent X practised cordial relations with Ferdinando II, Gian Carlo's elder brother, and thus created Gian Carlo in 1644 cardinal as a token of his affection toward the Medici. Thus forced to give up his military career and with it the title of "General of the Spanish Seas", Gian Carlo could not reconcile himself to his new "religious" lifestyle. Pope Alexander VII made Gian Carlo responsible for welcoming Queen Christina of Sweden, a new convert to Roman Catholicism, to Rome in 1655. Upon discovering of the closeness that had formed between the two, the Pope sent Gian Carlo back to Florence, declaring him "too handsome and too young" to be "spiritual advisor" to the Queen. Here, Gian Carlo led a life of dissipation, taking many mistresses; nevertheless, Ferdinando II delegated to him the management of the state's financial affairs.
In later years, Gian Carlo donated his sizeable art collection to form the Pitti Gallery. He died of apoplexy, and was interred in the Medicean necropolis, the Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence.
- Young, The Medici: Volume II, pp. 424 – 425.
- Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 46.
- Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 47.
- Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 48.
- Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 434.
- Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 444.
- Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 452.
- Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, Macmillan, London, 1980, ISBN 0-333-29315-0
- Young, G.F.: The Medici: Volume II, John Murray, London, 1920