Gina Miller

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gina Miller
Gina Miller at Brighton 2018.jpg
Miller in 2018
Born
Gina Nadira Singh[1]

(1965-04-19) 19 April 1965 (age 54)
ResidenceChelsea, London[2][3]
EducationMoira House Girls School
Alma mater
OccupationInvestment manager
Known forchallenging the UK government's assumption of the right to invoke Article 50 without reference to Parliament, and the prorogation of the UK parliament in 2019.
Spouse(s)
  • Adrian Beal
    (m. 1985, divorced)
    [4][5]
  • Jon Maguire
    (m. 2000; div. 2002)
    [6][7]
  • Alan Miller (m. 2007)
    [8]
Children3
Parents

Gina Nadira Miller[9] (née Singh; born 19 April 1965)[10] is a Guyanese-British business owner and activist who initiated the 2016 R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union court case against the British government over its authority to implement Brexit without approval from Parliament.[11] In September 2019 she successfully challenged the government's prorogation of Parliament, formally supported in the legal case by the former prime minister Sir John Major and the shadow attorney general, Shami Chakrabarti.[12] She founded the True and Fair Campaign in 2012, calling for an end to financial misconduct in the investment and pension industries. She also founded the True and Fair Foundation.[13][14]

Biography[edit]

Miller was born Gina Nadira Singh[4] in British Guiana to Savitri and Doodnauth Singh, who later became Attorney General of Guyana. She is of Indian descent.[15][16] She grew up in the newly independent Guyana, and was sent to England by her parents at the age of 10[17][18] to be educated at the fee-paying private Moira House Girls School in Eastbourne.[16][19] When she was 14 Guyana introduced strict currency controls that prevented their parents from continuing to send funds for Gina and her brother, so she took a summer job as a chambermaid in an Eastbourne hotel.[20] She studied law at the Polytechnic of East London (now University of East London) but left without completing her finals because her parents wanted her in Guyana.[16] She has written that she was brutally attacked while at law school, that some of her attackers were fellow students, and that the attack caused her to give up her degree course.[21] She gained a degree in marketing, and an MSc in human resource management at the University of London.[10]

She owned a property photographic laboratory in 1987, before becoming a marketing and event manager at BMW Fleet Division in 1990. She started a specialist financial services marketing agency in 1992, and launched the Senate investment conference programme in 1996. She became a marketing consultant in 2006.[10] In February 2009,[22] Miller co-founded the investment firm SCM Private (now SCM Direct) with her husband Alan Miller.[17][23] She has been a leading campaigner against hidden charges in pensions and investment and what she has described as "flagrant mis-selling within the asset management market". She set up Miller Philanthropy (now rebranded the True and Fair Foundation) in 2009, and established MoneyShe.com in 2014, as a female-focused investment brand.[10][16]

She has been married three times, and has three children.[10][24]

In October 2017, Miller was named by Powerlist as the "UK's most influential black person" which recognises those of African and African Caribbean heritage.[25] Those nominated were chosen by an independent panel with members including former High Court judge Dame Linda Dobbs and former Apprentice winner Tim Campbell. They rated nominees on their "ability to change lives and alter events".[26] She was also named number 26 on the list of most influential British Asians by GG2 Power List.[27]

True and Fair Foundation[edit]

Miller set up the True and Fair Foundation[28] in 2009, with the stated aim of increasing philanthropy and common good in an era of growing inequality, social fragmentation and small state funding. It aimed to encourage those who have been successful to give back to the communities that afforded them their success, lessening the burden of giving for donors and philanthropists who wish to give smarter and in an efficient and transparent manner but may be time poor.[29] The Foundation was a registered charity under English law and was removed from the register in July 2019.[30]

True and Fair Campaign[edit]

In January 2012,[22][31] she set up the True and Fair Campaign, with the stated aim to "limit the possibility of future mis-selling or financial scandals through greater transparency."[18] This initiative attracted the animosity of part of the City, earning her the nickname of "black widow spider".[23] She reported being called "a disgrace [whose] lobbying efforts would bring down the entire City",[17] and the Daily Mail reported that she had been criticised because her firm SCM had not disclosed the size of the fund it is managing for its clients.[32][33]

Brexit legal challenge[edit]

In June 2016, subsequent to the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Miller privately engaged the City of London law firm Mishcon de Reya to challenge the authority of the British Government to invoke Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union using prerogative powers, arguing that only Parliament can take away rights that Parliament has granted.[23]

On 3 November 2016, the High Court of Justice ruled that Parliament had to legislate before the Government could invoke Article 50.[34][35] Miller said outside the High Court: "The judgment, I hope – when it's read by the Government and they contemplate the full judgment – that they will make the wise decision of not appealing but pressing forward and having a proper debate in our sovereign Parliament, our mother of parliaments that we are so admired for all over the world".[36]

Motivations[edit]

Miller stated in various interviews that she was pressing on with the legal action as a matter of democracy and parliamentary supremacy[37] but following the case has made clear her opposition to the result of the 2016 EU referendum: "I beg you, as Labour's leader, to reject a policy that will so obviously turn our country into a laboratory for one of the most extreme rightwing experiments we have witnessed since the 1930s."[38] She had claimed to not be a committed Europhile; that her role came about from having legal training, a job in investment management, and "years of campaigning for transparency and accountability".[39]

She claimed concern that experienced, senior politicians appeared not to know that only Parliament can take away from people rights that Parliament had granted, and were instead proposing to trigger withdrawal from the EU without parliamentary authority, by using the royal prerogative, which she described as "an ancient self-serving right that Kings and Queens once used to rid themselves of their enemies". She claimed it was not the idea of Brexit that filled her with dread, but "the idea of an unchallenged, unanswerable government taking us back to 1610 and ripping a hole through our democratic structures".[39]

Outcome[edit]

The Government's appeal to the Supreme Court was heard in December 2016.[40] When closing the hearing, the Court President said that the appeal raised important constitutional issues, and the Justices would take time to give full consideration to the many arguments presented to them, orally and in writing, and they would do their best to resolve the case as quickly as possible.[41] When the Supreme Court delivered judgment in January 2017, it upheld the High Court ruling by a majority of 8–3.[42]

After the government's appeal was dismissed, the Secretary of State for Exiting the EU formally introduced in Parliament, on 26 January 2017, a bill that, on 16 March, was enacted without amendment as the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017.[43]

Abuse and threats[edit]

The legal challenge met with a "torrent" of abuse from supporters of Brexit, including racial abuse and death threats.[23] In the two days following the judges' decision, more than 79,000 tweets mentioned her account, of which about 13 per cent were hostile. Many referred to her as a traitor and mentioned her perceived foreignness.[44] Miller's solicitor, Mishcon de Reya, was subjected to abuse as a result of its involvement in the case, and Brexit supporters mounted a protest outside the firm's offices.[45] A man, aged 55, was arrested in November 2016 on suspicion of racially aggravated malicious communications over threats to Miller,[46] but was later told he would not be prosecuted.[47]

Another man, aged 50, was arrested in January 2017, also in relation to the complaint made in November;[47] the second man was later named as Rhodri Philipps, 4th Viscount St Davids, who was charged on 7 March.[48] Philipps, of Knightsbridge, London, described Miller as a "boat jumper" and added: "If this is what we should expect from immigrants, send them back to their stinking jungles". Philipps also posted "£5,000 for the first person to 'accidentally' run over this bloody troublesome first generation immigrant" on Facebook.[49] He pleaded "not guilty" to three charges of malicious communication under section 127 of the Communications Act 2003 when he appeared at Westminster Magistrates' Court on 2 May 2017. At the May hearing, the prosecution said the crown would seek an increased sentence because of the racial aggravation factor.[50] He was found guilty of two charges at his trial on 11 July 2017, at which he defended himself.[51] Philipps described his own comments as "satire".[49] He was later sentenced to 12 weeks in prison.[52]

At least eight other people were issued with cease and desist notices by the police.[53] In August 2017, Miller said she had faced continuing threats of acid attacks in recent months, and fears leaving her home.[54]

In October 2019 detectives with the Metropolitan Police launched an investigation into a GoFundMe campaign seeking to raise £10,000 to hire a hitman to kill Miller.[55]

Election activity[edit]

2017 general election[edit]

Miller organised a crowdfunding campaign to back candidates opposed to a 'hard Brexit' in the 2017 general election. As of 21 April 2017, the campaign had raised over £300,000.[56] On 26 April 2017, Miller launched the Best for Britain campaign at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London. The campaign called for a tactical vote to ensure elected MPs have a real final vote on the Brexit deal. It also encouraged young people to become actively engaged in the Brexit debate. She stated publicly that she personally would vote Liberal Democrat for the first time, having previously been a Labour supporter.[57] She left Best for Britain after the election, describing it as both "a room full of white males deciding what's going to happen to the country"[58] and "undemocratic".[59]

She also launched a legal challenge against the Conservative–DUP agreement, the confidence-and-supply agreement secured by Theresa May's government in the aftermath of the election.[60]

2019 European Parliament election[edit]

On 8 May 2019, Miller set up a website, Remain United, to encourage tactical voting in the EU parliamentary election on 23 May, to maximise the number of MEPs of various parties elected who support remaining in the EU.[61]

Prorogation of parliament legal challenge[edit]

On 28 August 2019, Miller was one of a number of parties to launch legal proceedings against the Johnson government for prorogation of parliament, claiming to do so was unconstitutional.[62] On 6 September 2019 the High Court ruled that the decision to suspend Parliament was lawful and dismissed her case but granted permission to appeal.[63] A similar case lodged before the Scottish Court of Session found several days later that prorogation was unlawful as it had "the effect of stymying Parliament", setting up a hearing before the Supreme Court for 17 September.[64][65] On 24 September 2019, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that prorogation was unlawful.[66][67]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ram, Vidya (7 February 2018). "It's about saving Britain, it's not about Brexit: Gina Miller" – via www.thehindu.com.
  2. ^ "Who is Gina Miller? Meet the millionaire Remainer behind the Supreme Court Brexit case". Daily Express. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Article 50 claimant Gina Miller: 'It isn't safe for me to go outside'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Who is Gina Miller? The woman leading the Brexit legal battle". Archived from the original on 5 November 2016.
  8. ^ "findmypast.co.uk". Archived from the original on 26 February 2017.
  9. ^ Citations:
  10. ^ a b c d e Newlands, Chris (24 April 2016). "Racism and fees fire up Gina Miller". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016.
  11. ^ Guy Faulconbridge and Michael Holden, "A woman suing the British government over Brexit is receiving a flood of sexist and racist threats", Business Insider UK, November 30, 2016 Archived 4 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Gina Miller: the woman who took on the UK government and won – twice". The Guardian. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Who is Gina Miller?". Daily Telegraph. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016.
  14. ^ "The True and Fair Foundation – Contact Us". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
  15. ^ Kutchinsky, Serena (10 November 2016). "'This is bigger than just Brexit': how Gina Miller held the government to account over the EU". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d Butter, Susannah (4 November 2016). "Brexit legal challenge: Gina Miller argues 'defending democracy is the best way to spend my money'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  17. ^ a b c "Brexit court case: Who is Gina Miller?". BBC News. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 6 November 2016.
  18. ^ a b Masters, James (4 November 2016). "Guyana-born Gina Miller: The woman behind the Brexit bombshell". CNN. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Former Eastbourne pupil receives death threats after Brexit case". Eastbourne Herald. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  20. ^ Miller, Gina (2 August 2019). "As a 14-year-old chambermaid with my family away, I had to grow up fast". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  21. ^ Anthony, Andrew. "Gina Miller: 'I was absolutely shocked, I didn't know those attitudes still existed'". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Ltd. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Gina Miller". LinkedIn.
  23. ^ a b c d "Gina Miller on her Brexit legal challenge: 'This had to be done'". The Guardian. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  24. ^ "Who is Gina Miller? Meet woman who won Article 50 High Court case and put brakes on Brexit". Daily Express. 4 November 2016.
  25. ^ Siddique, Haroon (23 October 2017). "Brexit campaigner Gina Miller named UK's most influential black person". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ Siddique, Haroon (26 October 2017). "Riz Ahmed climbs Asian power list – but can't topple Sadiq Khan". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
  28. ^ Siddique, Haroon (24 September 2019). "Gina Miller: the woman who took on the UK government and won – twice". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
  29. ^ "Services: Smart giving". The True and Fair Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
  30. ^ Charity Commission. TRUE AND FAIR FOUNDATION, registered charity no. 1133001.
  31. ^ "Gina Miller: the woman taking on Theresa May over article 50". The Guardian. 13 October 2016. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  32. ^ "What's the truth about Gina Miller?". Mail Online. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  33. ^ "Miller 'naive' to accuse active managers of price collusion". www.portfolio-adviser.com. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  34. ^ "High court says parliament must vote on triggering article 50 – as it happened". The Guardian. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  35. ^ "UK court says Brexit needs parliament's approval, complicates government plans". Reuters. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  36. ^ Payton, Matt (3 November 2016). "Gina Miller subjected to online abuse after Brexit legal challenge victory". The Independent. Archived from the original on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  37. ^ "Who is woman behind Brexit case?". 24 January 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  38. ^ Miller, Gina (26 November 2018). "My letter to Jeremy Corbyn: your nation is threatened – back a people's vote". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 November 2018.
  39. ^ a b Yes we must have Brexit – but not by mob rule Archived 2 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Gina Miller, Mail on Sunday, 4 December 2016
  40. ^ Court, The Supreme. "Article 50 Brexit Appeal – The Supreme Court". Archived from the original on 25 January 2017.
  41. ^ SC Transcript, 8 December 2016, p.204 Archived 11 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ Supreme Court Judgment [2017] UKSC 5."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ Explanatory Notes, Prepared 25 January 2017
  44. ^ Binns, Amy (2018). "The remoaner queen under attack: the trolling of Gina Miller". In Mair, John; Clark, Tor; Fowler, Neil; Snoddy, Raymond; Tait, Richard (eds.). Anti-social media? : the impact on journalism and society. Hackademic. 25. Bury St Edmunds: Abramis. ISBN 978-1-84549-729-3.
  45. ^ Bowcott, Owen (19 July 2016). "Theresa May does not intend to trigger article 50 this year, court told". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 July 2016.
  46. ^ "Man Arrested over Threats to Brexit's Case's Gina Miller". BBC News. 7 December 2016. Archived from the original on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  47. ^ a b "Man held over 'threats' in Gina Miller Brexit case". BBC News. 25 January 2017. Archived from the original on 25 January 2017.
  48. ^ "Man charged over 'threats' to Gina Miller". BBC News. 7 March 2017. Archived from the original on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  49. ^ a b "Aristocrat guilty over 'menacing' Gina Miller Facebook post". BBC News. 11 July 2017. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  50. ^ Ross, Alice (2 May 2017). "Aristocrat in court over allegedly racist Facebook post about Gina Miller". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  51. ^ "Aristocrat facing jail over racist Facebook threat to Gina Miller". standard.co.uk. 11 July 2017. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  52. ^ "Rhodri Colwyn Philipps jailed over Gina Miller post". BBC News. 13 July 2017. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  53. ^ O'Carroll, Lisa (25 January 2017). "Gina Miller: 'I've been told that "as a coloured woman", I'm not even human'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  54. ^ O'Carroll, Lisa (9 August 2017). "Gina Miller afraid to leave her home after threats of acid attacks". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  55. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-50202060
  56. ^ O'Carroll, Lisa (26 April 2017). "Gina Miller raises £300,000 for candidates to oppose hard Brexit". Archived from the original on 8 May 2017 – via The Guardian.
  57. ^ Olivia Marks, "Gina Miller: Why You Should Vote Tactically", Vogue, 31 May 2017 Archived 6 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  58. ^ White, Alan; Ashton, Emily. "Gina Miller Says She Quit A Pro-EU Group Because It Became About 'Bringing Down The Tories'". buzzfeed.com. BuzzFeed News.
  59. ^ Swinford, Steven (8 February 2019). "Exclusive: Gina Miller says Soros-backed campaign to overturn Brexit is 'undemocratic'". The Daily Telegraph.
  60. ^ Maidment, Jack (11 September 2017). "Gina Miller in new challenge to Government over Commons approval for £1 billion DUP deal". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  61. ^ Miller, Gina (9 May 2019). "Want to stop Nigel Farage storming the European elections? Then vote tactically". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  62. ^ O'Carroll, Lisa; Carrell, Severin (28 August 2019). "Gina Miller's lawyers apply to challenge Boris Johnson plan". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  63. ^ "Brexit: Decision to suspend Parliament ruled lawful by High Court". BBC.co.uk.
  64. ^ Grant, Alistair (11 September 2019). "Court of Session rules proroguing Parliament was unlawful". The Herald.
  65. ^ "Supreme Court: Parliament suspended 'to stop MPs frustrating PM', judges told". BBC News. 17 September 2019.
  66. ^ "R (on the application of Miller) (Appellant) v The Prime Minister (Respondent)" (PDF). Decided Cases - The Supreme Court. 24 September 2019. UKSC 2019/0192.
  67. ^ Siddique, Haroon (24 September 2019). "Gina Miller: the woman who took on the UK government and won – twice". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 September 2019.

External links[edit]