A glazier is an skilled tradesman responsible for cutting, installing, and removing glass (and materials used as substitutes for glass, such as some plastics). Glaziers may work with glass in various surfaces and settings, such as windows, doors, shower doors, skylights, storefronts, display cases, mirrors, facades, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.
Duties and tools
The Occupational Outlook Handbook of the U.S. Department of Labor lists the following as typically task for a glazier::
- Follow blueprints or specifications
- Remove any old or broken glass before installing replacement glass
- Cut glass to the specified size and shape
- Make or install sashes or moldings for glass installation
- Fasten glass into sashes or frames with clips, moldings, or other types of fasteners
- Add weather seal or putty around pane edges to seal joints.
Tools used by glaziers "include cutting boards, glass-cutting blades, straightedges, glazing knives, saws, drills, grinders, putty, and glazing compounds."
Education and training
In the U.S., apprenticeship programs are offered through the National Glass Association as well as trade associations and local contractors' associations. Construction-industry glaziers are frequently members of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades.
Occupational hazards encountered by glaziers include the risks of being cut by glass or tools and falling from scaffolds or ladders. The use of heavy equipment may also cause injury: the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reported in 1990 that a journeyman glazier died in an industrial accident in Indiana after attempting to use a manlift to carry a thousand-pound case of glass which the manlift did not have capacity to carry.
In the United States
According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, there are some 45,300 glaziers in the United States, with medium pay of $38,410 per year in 2014. Two-thirds of Glaziers work in the foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors industry, with smaller numbers working in building material and supplies dealing, building finishing contracting, automotive repair and maintenance, and glass and glass product manufacturing.
- Architectural glass
- Glazing in architecture
- Insulated glazing
- Stained glass
- Glass manufacturing
- Elizabeth H. Oakes, Ferguson Career Resource Guide to Apprenticeship Programs (Infobase: 3d ed., 2006), p. 356.
- Glaziers (profile in the Occupational Employment Statistics of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor.
- Glaziers, Occupational Outlook Handbook, United States Department of Labor.
- Journeyman glazier dies after being catapulted from manlift - Indiana, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (April 1990, 1-7), NIOSHTIC No. 20024470.