Gnathifera (clade)

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Gnathifera
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
(unranked): Platyzoa
Clade: Gnathifera
Phyla

Gnathifera, from the Greek gnathos, “jaw”, and the Latin fera, “to bear,” is an assemblage of phyla of platyzoans comprising the rotifers (Bdelloidea, Monogononta, Seisonidae), acanthocephalans, and gnathostomulids.[1] Also included is the Micrognathozoa,[2] and tentatively the Cycliophora.[2]

"Acanthognatha" is a similar grouping, with the addition of the gastrotrichs.[3]

Possible relationships are as in the cladogram:[4][5]

Spiralia
Gnathifera

Gnathostomulida

Micrognathozoa

Syndermata

Seisonida

Rotifera

Bdelloidea

Monogononta

Acanthocephala

Chaetognatha

Platytrochozoa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suga K, Mark Welch D, Tanaka Y, Sakakura Y, Hagiwara A (1 August 2007). Ellegren H, ed. "Analysis of expressed sequence tags of the cyclically parthenogenetic rotifer Brachionus plicatilis". PLoS ONE. 2 (7): e671. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000671. PMC 1925144Freely accessible. PMID 17668053.  open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ a b Kristensen, R. M. (2002). "An Introduction to Loricifera, Cycliophora, and Micrognathozoa". Integrative and Comparative Biology. 42 (3): 641–651. doi:10.1093/icb/42.3.641. ISSN 1540-7063. 
  3. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (August 1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 73 (3): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. 
  4. ^ "www.zmuc.dk". 
  5. ^ Fröbius, Andreas C.; Funch, Peter (2017-04-04). "Rotiferan Hox genes give new insights into the evolution of metazoan bodyplans". Nature Communications. 8 (1). doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00020-w. ISSN 2041-1723.