Gnathifera (clade)

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Gnathifera
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
(unranked): Spiralia
Clade: Gnathifera
Ahlrichs, 1995
Phyla

Gnathifera, from the Greek gnathos, “jaw”, and the Latin fera, “to bear,” is an assemblage of phyla of platyzoans comprising the rotifers (Bdelloidea, Monogononta, Seisonidae), acanthocephalans, and gnathostomulids.[1] Also included is the Micrognathozoa,[2] and tentatively the Cycliophora.[2]

"Acanthognatha" is a similar grouping, with the addition of the gastrotrichs.[3]

Possible relationships are as in the cladogram:[4][5][6][7][8]

Spiralia
Gnathifera

Gnathostomulida

Micrognathozoa

Syndermata

Seisonida

Rotifera

Bdelloidea

Monogononta

Chaetognatha

Acanthocephala

Platytrochozoa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suga K, Mark Welch D, Tanaka Y, Sakakura Y, Hagiwara A (1 August 2007). Ellegren H (ed.). "Analysis of expressed sequence tags of the cyclically parthenogenetic rotifer Brachionus plicatilis". PLoS ONE. 2 (7): e671. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000671. PMC 1925144. PMID 17668053. open access
  2. ^ a b Kristensen, R. M. (2002). "An Introduction to Loricifera, Cycliophora, and Micrognathozoa". Integrative and Comparative Biology. 42 (3): 641–651. doi:10.1093/icb/42.3.641. ISSN 1540-7063.
  3. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (August 1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 73 (3): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05.
  4. ^ "www.zmuc.dk".
  5. ^ Fröbius, Andreas C.; Funch, Peter (2017-04-04). "Rotiferan Hox genes give new insights into the evolution of metazoan bodyplans". Nature Communications. 8 (1): 9. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00020-w. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 5431905. PMID 28377584.
  6. ^ Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Satoh, Noriyuki; Goto, Taichiro; Peijnenburg, Katja T. C. A.; Marlétaz, Ferdinand (2019-01-10). "A New Spiralian Phylogeny Places the Enigmatic Arrow Worms among Gnathiferans". Current Biology. 0 (2): 312–318.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.11.042. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 30639106.
  7. ^ Parry, Luke A.; Vinther, Jakob (2019-02-21). "Bilateral Jaw Elements in Amiskwia sagittiformis Bridge the Morphological Gap between Gnathiferans and Chaetognaths". Current Biology. 0 (5): 881–888.e1. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.01.052. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 30799238.
  8. ^ Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Satoh, Noriyuki; Goto, Taichiro; Peijnenburg, Katja T. C. A.; Marlétaz, Ferdinand (2019-01-21). "A New Spiralian Phylogeny Places the Enigmatic Arrow Worms among Gnathiferans". Current Biology. 29 (2): 312–318.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.11.042. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 30639106.