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High Street, Golborne.jpg
High Street, Golborne
Golborne is located in Greater Manchester
Location within Greater Manchester
Population24,169 (2011 census)
OS grid referenceSJ606978
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtWA3
Dialling code01925
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
Greater Manchester
53°28′33″N 2°35′39″W / 53.4758°N 2.5943°W / 53.4758; -2.5943Coordinates: 53°28′33″N 2°35′39″W / 53.4758°N 2.5943°W / 53.4758; -2.5943

Golborne (pronounced go:lbə:n or go:bə:n) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It lies 5 miles (8.0 km) south-southeast of Wigan, 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Warrington and 14 miles (22.5 km) to the west of the city of Manchester. Along with the nearby village of Lowton, it had a population of 24,041.[2]

Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, Golborne owes most of its growth to mining and textile manufacturing but since the decline of these industries it has expanded in population. There was also significant agricultural activity, and many farms still belong to the families who originally owned them.



The name Golborne derives from the Old English golde and burna, and means "stream where marsh marigolds grow". The earliest settlements in the present-day town were on banks of the Millingford Brook, hence its name being derived from a water course where calendula grew.[3] Golborne has been recorded in ancient documents as Goldeburn in 1187, Goldburc in 1201, Goseburn and Goldburn in 1212 and Golburne in 1242. Golborne and Gowborne were 16th-century spellings.[4]

Early history[edit]

A settlement at Golborne has existed since at least the time of the Domesday book. The manor was held in two moieties, half by the Lords of Lowton, and the half by the Golbornes up to the reign of Henry III, and later by various families including the Fleetwoods and Leghs.

The old Manor of Golborne stood to the north side of the village, giving its name to a public house on Church Street (now demolished). The manor and its lands extended as far as St Luke's Church in Lowton, and also gives its name to Manor Avenue and Manor Court.

The Venerable Bede wrote in his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum of a well near Golborne sacred to St. Oswald's memory.[5] This well had been suggested as the site where Penda, the pagan king of Mercia, slew the Christian King Oswald, later St Oswald, in the Battle of Maserfield, in 642. It is more generally accepted though that the site of that battle was some considerable distance to the southwest, near Oswestry.

Holcroft Hall, now a farm, was the home of Colonel Blood, who, during the reign of Charles II, attempted to steal the Crown Jewels. King Charles was amused by Blood's audacity and pardoned him. Blood married Maria Holcroft of Holcroft Hall at Newhurch Church against the will of her father.

In 1648 the Battle of Red Gap was fought by the old road south from Golborne (probably the Red Bank area of Newton le Willows) during the 2nd Civil War. The Scots on the side of Charles I had advanced into England. Oliver Cromwell, leader of the Roundhead Army intercepted the Scots at Preston and, in a series of running battles between Preston, Wigan and Warrington, of which Red Gap was one, he defeated the Scots even though his army was outnumbered by ten to one.

A local legend speaks of a knight who slayed a dragon and was granted land and a manor, supposedly Goulbourne. There is a tumulus in fields near the golf known as Castle Hill where tradition says Alfred buried his treasure, but it has never been found. Castle Hill is also said to be haunted by a White Lady, who drifts in front of oncoming traffic.

Recent history[edit]

Boundary sign on Wigan Road (A573)

The town grew during the Industrial Revolution as the mining industry expanded. On 18 March 1979 there was a methane explosion at the town's colliery caused by an electrical spark, which took the lives of ten miners.[6] Of the eleven present, only one survived. The colliery closed in 1989. The location of the former colliery is known locally as the 'Bonk' which originated in the migration of Welsh miners to North West coal mines: 'Bonk' derives from the Welsh: banc 1. bank n.m. (banciau) mound n.m. (bencydd) bank n.m. (bencydd) hillock n.m. (bencydd)[7] ('a' to 'o' mutation[8]) – the spoil heap of the colliery. It is now used as a business park. The closure of the colliery led to the loss of employment for a large proportion of Golborne's population as well as people from nearby towns such as Abram, Lowton and Ashton-in-Makerfield. Unemployment problems have been mostly eradicated in recent years with the introduction of new industries which have created new jobs, for example, the creation of Stone Cross Industrial Park.[citation needed]

There is a campaign to reopen the town's main line railway station – Golborne South.[9] As part of Greater Manchester's Transport Initiative Fund package, a station at Golborne would be reinstated, probably on the site of the original station off the A573 in the centre of town.[10] Golborne's branch line station – Golborne North – was closed in 1952.


Under the Local Government Act 1972, in force from 1 April 1974, the urban district of Golborne, established in 1894 (and expanded in 1933 by adding part of Leigh Rural District which included Kenyon), was split, with the parts of Culcheth and Newchurch becoming the civil parish of Culcheth and Glazebury in the Warrington district in Cheshire, and the rest of the district becoming part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan of Greater Manchester.


Population growth in Golborne since 1901
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 2001
Population 6,789 6,931 7,183 7,321 13,845 16,878 21,310 20,007
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[11]


The parish church of Golborne is St Thomas' Church, in the Deanery of Winwick, Diocese of Liverpool. Founded in 1829, the church building has a clock tower that is still in operation and is still heard chiming on every hour. There is also a graveyard surrounding the building.

Peter Kane Square and memorial clock is situated in the town centre and is named in honour of boxer Peter Kane.

On Sunday 19 March 2006 the Rector of Golborne, the Rev Robert Williams, officiated at a service in Kidglove Road at what was the entrance to Golborne Colliery. The service was attended by ex-miners and their families, and was the fruition of two years of fund-raising to erect the 6-by-3-foot (1.83 m × 0.91 m) stone, commissioned in memory of the men and women who worked and died at Golborne Colliery between its opening in 1880 and its closure in 1989.

The memorial was conceptualised by the Golborne Ex-Miners Association, who staged a series of concerts to help towards the cost of the stone. Funding was also received from a community chest grant from Wigan Metropolitan Borough Council, Alpla (UK) Ltd of Golborne, and the Coal Industry Social Welfare Organisation. Former miner Dean Mitchell landscaped the memorial site.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Golborne TownCentre C A Appraisal" (PDF), Wigan Council, retrieved 23 February 2015
  2. ^ "Golborne and Lowton Community Profile" (PDF). Wigan.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  3. ^ Mills, A. D. (2003), A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-852758-6
  4. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Golborne", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, British History Online, pp. 148–50, retrieved 28 February 2010
  5. ^ Golborne, Wigan Council, archived from the original on 27 September 2007, retrieved 21 June 2007
  6. ^ "18 March 1979: Three die in Golborne mine blast". On this day 1950–2005. BBC. 2008.
  7. ^ Y Geiriadur Mawr
  8. ^ Lancashire dialect
  9. ^ "Disused Stations: Golborne South Station". Disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png, 22 July 2004, retrieved 22 September 2009

External links[edit]