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Gongylonema pulchrum nematode from man Figure 2b.jpg
Head of male Gongylonema pulchrum, from human infection;[1] note characteristic bosses
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Order: Spirurida
Superfamily: Spiruroidea
Family: Gongylonematidae
Hall, 1916
Genus: Gongylonema
Molin, 1857
  • Gongylomene Vaullegeard., 1901
  • Gongylonemoides Lent & Freitas, 1937
  • Misonunus Petrov, 1910
  • Myzomimus Stiles, 1892
  • Progongylonema Hernandez-Rodriguez & Gutierrez-Palomino 1993

Gongylonema is a genus of thread-like nematode that was described by Molin in 1857. It is the only currently valid genus in the family Gongylonematidae, though the mysterious Spiruroides – usually placed in the Subuluridae, which are not closely related to Gongylonema among the Spiruria – might actually belong here. They are parasites of birds and mammals, transmitted by insects (especially beetles). Some 38 species are known, about 12 of which have been recorded in Europe.[2][3]

Several species are significant parasites of domestic animals, causing gongylonemiasis. Human infection by these nematodes is very rare: since its discovery fewer than 100 people have been reported to be infected with these parasites,[4] always with the species G. pulchrum.[1][5]



  1. ^ a b Pesson, B.; Hersant, C.; Biehler, JF.; Abou-Bacar, A.; Brunet, J.; Pfaff, AW.; Ferté, H.; Candolfi, E. (2013). "First case of human gongylonemosis in France.". Parasite. 20: 5. doi:10.1051/parasite/2013007. PMC 3718519Freely accessible. PMID 23425508.  open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ David Gibson (April 19, 2007). "Gongylonema". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved November 4, 2008. 
  3. ^ Joel Hallan, ed. (August 7, 2007). "Family Gongylonematidae". Retrieved November 4, 2008. 
  4. ^ Haruki, K., Furuya, H., Saito, S., Kamiya, S. & Kagei, N. 2005: Gongylonema infection in man: A first case of gongylonemosis in Japan. Helminthologia, 42, 63-66. Free PDF
  5. ^ "Gongylonema". Biology Online. October 3, 2005. Retrieved November 4, 2008. 
  6. ^ Hernandez-Rodriguez, S.; Gutiérrez-Palomino, P. N. (1992). "Gongylonema (Progongylonema) pacoi n. subgen. n. sp. (Spiruroidea : Gongylonematidae) parasite d'oiseaux Corvidae". Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée. 67 (6): 188–193. doi:10.1051/parasite/1992676188. ISSN 0003-4150.  open access publication – free to read