|Dirofilaria immitis larva|
10, but see text
Some Spirurida, like the genus Gongylonema, can cause disease in humans. One such disease is a skin infection with Spirurida larvae, called "creeping disease". Some species are known as eyeworms and infect the orbital cavity of animal hosts.
The Camallanida are sometimes included herein as a suborder, and the Drilonematida are sometimes placed here as a superfamily. There are doubts about the internal systematics of the Spirurida, and some groups placed herein might belong to other spirurian or even secernentean lineages.
The following superfamilies are at least provisionally placed in the Spirurida:
- ToL (2002)
- Media related to Spirurida at Wikimedia Commons
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