Greensborough, Victoria

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Greensborough
MelbourneVictoria
Greensborough-overall-aerial.jpg
Aerial view from the north, Greensborough Bypass just in foreground, Greensborough Plaza in centre of image, and Greensborough railway station to left.
Greensborough is located in Melbourne
Greensborough
Greensborough
Coordinates37°41′10″S 145°07′01″E / 37.686°S 145.117°E / -37.686; 145.117Coordinates: 37°41′10″S 145°07′01″E / 37.686°S 145.117°E / -37.686; 145.117
Population20,821 (2016)[1]
 • Density1,843/km2 (4,772/sq mi)
Postcode(s)3088
Area11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi)
Location17 km (11 mi) from Melbourne CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)Jagajaga
Suburbs around Greensborough:
Bundoora Plenty Diamond Creek
Watsonia North Greensborough St Helena
Watsonia Montmorency Briar Hill

Greensborough is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 17 km (11 mi) north-east from Melbourne's Central Business District.[2] Its local government areas are the City of Banyule and the Shire of Nillumbik. At the 2016 Census, Greensborough had a population of 20,821.[1]

The suburb was named after settler Edward Bernard Green, who was also the district mail contractor.[3] Formerly it was known as Keelbundoora.[4]

History[edit]

In 1838, Henry Smythe, a Crown grantee, purchased 259 hectares for 544 pounds, from John Alison.[5] The boundaries of this land included Gold Street in the North, Macorna Street in the West, Grimshaw Street in the South and Plenty River in the East.[5] In 1841 he sold this land for 1600 pounds to Edward Bernard Green and it was from Green that Greensborough derived its name.[5]

The township was established in the late 1850s, with the Post Office opening on 17 July 1858.[6] In 1842, Charteris Lieutenant, Robert Whatmough started his own orchard. Whatmough's knowledge of botany was extensive and had published a comprehensive book on Botany after arriving in Australia.[7] Trees can still be found growing in Greensborough, along the Plenty River Trail. By 1871, Greensborough had a population of 167 and by 1933 had grown to 940.[8]

In 1845 a small private school was established.[5] The school was a slab hut with a large fireplace that filled the end wall.[9] Mr. Purcell, the teacher charged two shillings, per week for each of his twenty pupils.[9] The building was destroyed by fire and another school did not re-open until 1854.[5] There is very little information about the school or the teaching methods of Mr. Purcell.

A telegraph line connecting Greensborough and Diamond Creek with Heidelberg was completed in 1888.[5] From 27 July 1888 a telephone link across the line was added so that telegrams could be sent or received by telephone.[5]

During the 1880s and 1890s Diamond Valley became popular with excursionists from inner Melbourne.[5] Tourism increased with the advent of the railway line in the twentieth century.[5] Greensborough was noted for its fishing (cod, perch, blackfish and eels). Another leisure pursuit that was taken up by visitors was shooting. Rabbit and hares were plentiful and the hotel provided accommodation for weekend visitors.[5]

The Diamond Valley Football Association was formed 1922 at Diamond Creek and initially consisted of teams from Kangaroo Ground, Eltham, Diamond Creek, Templestowe, Greensborough, and Warrandyte.[5]

Greensborough Hotel[edit]

The Farmer's Arms Hotel on Main Street in 1925 before it was demolished to make way for the Greensborough Hotel

In 1864, the Greensborough Hotel, formally known as the Farmers Arms Hotel, was built by Englishman James Iredale. It served as a stopping point for travelers on their way to the goldfields further north. By law, a lit lantern was required as a sign of welcome to those needing a well-earned rest or to refresh their horses.[10] The hotel was demolished and rebuilt in 1925 by then-owner Denis Monahan.[11] Greensborough Hotel, by architects Sydney Smith, Ogg and Serpell, 349 Collins Street, Melbourne, has been well thought out, and the three sources of income - the bar, the dining room and the residential section, although all under easy supervision from the office, are kept absolutely distinct, so that visitors to any of these three sections are separate.[12] Greensborough Hotel is the second hotel to occupy this site and represents a continuation of use spanning close to 150 years. It is aesthetically significant as an unusual example of the inter-War Spanish Mission style hotel in the suburb of Greensborough.[13] It is one of the few early twentieth-century buildings remaining in the area and has become a landmark in the commercial centre of Greensborough. The hotel is located on the corner of Main Street and The Circuit, Greensborough. The latest owner of the hotel is George Hamad.

There are 13 plaques installed from the corner of Grimshaw and Henry Street, down Grimshaw and left into Main Street featuring historical information.[14]

Built in 1925
Greensborough Hotel

Geography[edit]

Greensborough borders the beginning of the Green Wedge, an area of bush land that runs northward into Eltham and Diamond Creek. The Plenty River, a tributary of the Yarra River, runs through Greensborough, joining the Yarra at Templestowe.

Amenities[edit]

Greensborough Plaza

One of the major buildings in Greensborough is Greensborough Plaza. Greensborough Plaza is a major regional shopping centre commonly regarded as the main retail hub servicing Melbourne's north-eastern suburbs. It was built in 1976 and has since undergone numerous renovations which have changed it from a small, basic shopping centre into a multi-level facility. The shopping centre's major tenants include Coles, ALDI, Kmart, Target, Chemist Warehouse, JB Hi-Fi Home, The Reject Shop, Rebel Sport, Anytime Fitness and Hoyts Cinemas.

The Plaza is not the only shopping option as the adjacent Main Street offers many shops of different varieties.

In 2009, the Greensborough Town Centre was set to receive a major upgrade although most of the improvements were delayed or cancelled due to the global financial crisis. However, in the prevailing years a new state-of-the-art aquatic centre, WaterMarc, has been built alongside an upgraded multi-level car park and Greensborough Walk, a new pedestrian promenade connecting Main Street with Watermarc. In 2017, the Banyule City Council moved their main offices to Greensborough from Ivanhoe[15] as part of the wider "One Flintoff" project which included new offices and community facilities that were built above WaterMarc.[16] The civic centre includes three level offices to accommodate 320 Council staff, community and function rooms. It features solar panels, double glazing, LED lighting, motion sensors to control lighting and air conditioning and recycled rain water for toilets. The centre was designed by Peddle Thorp.[17]

Shire of Nillumbik also operates it offices located in Greensborough at the site of the former Diamond Valley offices, next to the Diamond Valley library.

Diamond Valley Library, Civic Drive, Greensborough is operated by Yarra Plenty Regional Library.

Greensborough Historical Society aims to collect, catalogue, preserve and share the history and heritage of Greensborough.[18]

Transport[edit]

Greensborough and the surrounding suburbs is serviced by a network of roads including the Greensborough Highway, which bypasses the town centre and connects to the Metropolitan Ring Road. The main street is Main Street which runs into Diamond Creek Road, while other main arterials include Para Road which runs south and Grimshaw Street which runs west.

Greensborough Railway Station

Greensborough railway station is the only passenger train station in the suburb, located on the Hurstbridge railway line. The suburb serves as a major hub for bus services for the surrounding area, with most services departing from the Main Street terminal. To this end, pedestrian links between the station and Main Street were due to be upgraded in between 2010 and 2015 as part of the Greensborough Project development to improve public transport connectivity. These links have not yet been re-proposed by either local, state or federal governments.

Education[edit]

The first government primary school opened in 1875.[8] Greensborough College is a high school with approximately 518 students, located between Greensborough and Watsonia. Greensborough is also home to several primary schools including Greensborough Primary School, located next to Greensborough Plaza and established in 1878, St Mary's Catholic Primary School, St Thomas the Apostle Catholic Primary School, Greenhills Primary School, Watsonia Heights Primary School and Apollo Parkways Primary School.[19]

The Greensborough Melbourne Polytechnic campus reopened in 2017 aided by a $10 million state government investment after initially closing in 2013.[20]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Greensborough has an AFL team playing in the Northern Football League. Diamond Valley United Soccer Club also play at Partington's Flat and currently compete in Victorian State League Division 2.

Greensborough has a polyurethane athletic track at Willinda Park, which is the home of the Diamond Valley Little Athletics Centre, the largest Little Athletics Centre in Victoria with over 750 athletes, the Diamond Valley Athletic Club and the Ivanhoe Harriers.

The DVE Aquatic Club also operates out of Watermarc.

Greensborough is also home to multiple tennis clubs including; St Mary’s tennis club, which has two court locations and Greensborough tennis club. Both of which are located along the Plenty River.

The Greensborough Bypass Trail is a shared use path for cyclists and pedestrians. It starts at Grimshaw Street.

Parks, gardens and reserves[edit]

Andrew Yandell Reserve, Greensborough is located at 37 St. Helena Road, Greensborough, Victoria. The site occupies over six hectares of indigenous bushland maintained by the City of Banyule.[21] The Yandell Habitat Reserve is of local historic, scientific, social, and aesthetic significance to the City of Banyule.

Willinda Park is located at the end of Nell Street, near the Plenty River Trail.

Notable Residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Greensborough (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Postcode for Greensborough, Victoria (near Melbourne) - Postcodes Australia".
  3. ^ "Prahran Mechanics' Institute – Greensborough, Victoria, Australia – History". pmi.net.au. Archived from the original on 21 July 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
  4. ^ "Darebin Parklands – History". dcmc.org.au. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Edwards, Dianne H. (Dianne Helen), 1949- (1979). The Diamond Valley story. Diamond Valley Shire (Vic.). Greensborough, Vic.: Shire of Diamond Valley. ISBN 0959542205. OCLC 8280660.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  7. ^ "Newspaper clipping - A True Son of The Pioneers". Victorian Collections. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Greensborough". Victorian Places. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  9. ^ a b Greensborough State School (1954). Centenary of education in Greensborough, 1854-1954. Greensborough State School. OCLC 220829503.
  10. ^ Shanahan, Brittany (7 April 2017). "Historic photographs of Greensborough's booming heart". Herald Sun. Leader Community News North.
  11. ^ "A walk down valley's memory lane". Herald Sun. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Greensborough Hotel, Greensborough, Victoria". Hotels and their making: what Australia lacks. Federation Builders' Association of Australia. 38: 60. 12 July 1926 – via Trove.
  13. ^ "Greensborough Hotel". Heritage Council Victoria Victorian Heritage Database. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Greensborough Historic Plaques – Greensborough Town Centre". Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  15. ^ "New civic office opens". banyule.vic.gov.au. 10 April 2017.
  16. ^ "The Greensborough Project". banyule.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Civic centre to provide economic boost". www.pta.com.au. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Greensborough Historical Society". Greensborough Historical Society. 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Search for Greensborough, Vic". My School. 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  20. ^ "Melbourne Polytechnic Greensborough Campus Unveiled". melbournepolytechnic.edu.au. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  21. ^ "Andrew Yandell Reserve". banyule.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  22. ^ Haythorne, Jodie (23 July 1991). "Johnny hits trail again". Diamond Valley News: 4.
  23. ^ "In the public eye". PerthNow. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  24. ^ "All about my mother". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2021.