Wayne Grudem

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Wayne Grudem
Grudem in 2014
Born (1948-02-11) February 11, 1948 (age 75)
Years active1981–present
Notable work
Margaret (White)
(m. 1969)
  • Elliot
  • Oliver
  • Alexander
Theological work
EraLate 20th and early 21st centuries
Tradition or movementBaptist Calvinism
Main interests

Wayne A. Grudem (born 1948) is a New Testament scholar turned theologian,[1] seminary professor, and author.[2] He co-founded the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood and served as the general editor of the ESV Study Bible.


Grudem was born on February 11, 1948, in Jim Falls, Wisconsin. As a child, he attended First Baptist Church in Eau Claire, Wisconsin.[3] He holds a BA in economics from Harvard University, an MDiv and D.D. from Westminster Theological Seminary, and a PhD in New Testament studies from the University of Cambridge. In 2001, Grudem became Research Professor of Theology and Biblical Studies at Phoenix Seminary. Prior to that, he had taught for 20 years at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where he was chairman of the department of biblical and systematic theology.[4]

Grudem served on the committee overseeing the English Standard Version translation of the Bible, and from 2005 to 2008 he served as general editor for the 2.1-million-word ESV Study Bible (which was named "2009 Christian Book of the Year" by the Evangelical Christian Publishers Association). In 1999 he was the president of the Evangelical Theological Society.[4] Grudem announced having been diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease on December 22, 2015.[5]

On July 28, 2016, Grudem published an opinion piece on Townhall called "Why Voting for Donald Trump Is a Morally Good Choice".[6] On October 9, the piece was retracted and replaced with one entitled "Trump's Moral Character and the Election".[7] On October 19, the original piece was reinstated and another piece was published, entitled "If You Don't Like Either Candidate, Then Vote for Trump's Policies".[8][9] Grudem endorsed Trump for re-election in 2020.[10]

In 2018, a Festschrift was published in his honor. Scripture and the People of God: Essays in Honor of Wayne Grudem included contributions from John M. Frame, R. Kent Hughes, Ray Ortlund, John Piper, Vern Poythress, Leland Ryken, Thomas R. Schreiner, and Bruce A. Ware.


He is the author of multiple books, including Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, which advocates a Calvinistic soteriology, the verbal plenary inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible, believer’s baptism, a plural-elder form of church government, Old Earth creationism, and the complementarian view of gender relationships. Systematic Theology is a highly influential theology textbook that has sold hundreds of thousands of copies.[11] Grudem holds to noncessationist beliefs and was at one time a qualified supporter of the Vineyard Movement.[12]

Grudem and Bruce A. Ware were at the center of Trinitarian debate in 2016 that began online[13] and culminated in print publications.[14][15] Both Grudem and Ware subscribe to a view of the Trinity called "eternal relations of submission and authority" or "eternal functional subordination" which claims that the Son is eternally submissive to the Father.[16] Their view was challenged by some scholars that the Son only submits to the Father in the incarnation according to his human nature.[17][18]

Grudem is also a co-founder and past president of the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood.[4] He also edited Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood, Christianity Today's "Book of the Year" in 1992, with John Piper.[citation needed]

In 1985, Grudem authored a study of over 2000 ancient Greek references to κεφαλή (head), arguing that none of the metaphoric uses carry the meaning of 'source', as recent authors had argued. [19]

All of Grudem's research on gender-related issues is now contained in his major 2012 reference work, Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth: An Analysis of More Than One Hundred Disputed Questions.[20]

Grudem's view of gender claims that according to Bible, men and women are equal in nature and dignity but operate within a hierarchy in which the husband is the head of the wife.[citation needed]


In recent years, Grudem's publications have focused on the application of the ethical teachings of the Bible to broader areas of the culture including government and economics.


  • Grudem, Wayne (1982). The Gift of Prophecy in 1 Corinthians. Washington, DC: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-81912083-0. OCLC 7975367.
  • ——— (1988). The Gift of Prophecy in the New Testament and Today. Westchester, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-0-89107495-3. OCLC 21874389.
  • ——— (1988). 1 Peter: An Introduction and Commentary. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Vol. 17. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press. ISBN 978-0-83082996-5. OCLC 836536171.
  • ——— (1994). Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. Leicester, England & Grand Rapids, MI: Inter-Varsity Press & Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-95840603-1. OCLC 1036867839.
  • ——— (1999). Purswell, Jeff (ed.). Bible Doctrine: Essential Teachings of the Christian Faith. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-31022233-0. OCLC 39523561. A condensed version of Systematic Theology.[citation needed]
  • ———; Poythress, Vern S. (2000). The Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy: Muting the Masculinity of God's Words. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman. ISBN 978-0-80542441-6. OCLC 44413980.
  • ——— (2003). Business for the Glory of God: The Bible's Teaching on the Moral Goodness of Business. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-58134517-9. OCLC 53131744.
  • ——— (2004). Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth: An Analysis of More Than One Hundred Disputed Questions. Sisters, OR: Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57673840-5. OCLC 54897906.. Second edition Crossway, 2012.
  • ———; Poythress, Vern S. (2004). The TNIV and the Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman. ISBN 978-0-80543193-3. OCLC 57320504.
  • ———; Grudem, Elliot (2005). Christian Beliefs: Twenty Basics Every Christian Should Know. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-31025599-4. OCLC 60743141. Revised and condensed edition of Bible Doctrine.
  • ———; Thacker, Jerry (2005). Why Is My Choice of a Bible Translation So Important?. The Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. ISBN 978-0-97739680-1.
  • ——— (2006). Evangelical Feminism: A New Path to Liberalism?. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-58134734-0. OCLC 65537846.
  • ——— (2010). Politics According to the Bible: A Comprehensive Resource for Understanding Modern Political Issues in Light of Scripture. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-31033029-5. OCLC 555625189.
  • ——— (2010). Countering the Claims of Evangelical Feminism: Over 40 Biblical Responses. Crown Publishing. ISBN 978-0-30756215-9.
  • ——— (2012). Voting as a Christian: The Economic and Foreign Policy Issues. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-31049603-8. Condensed extract from Politics — According to the Bible.
  • ——— (2012). Voting as a Christian: The Social Issues. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN 978-0-310-49602-1. Condensed extract from Politics — According to the Bible
  • ———; Asmus, Barry (2013). The Poverty of Nations: A Sustainable Solution. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-43353911-4. OCLC 828143277.
  • ——— (2016). "Free Grace" Theology: 5 Ways It Diminishes the Gospel. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-4335-5114-7.
  • ———; Piper, John (2016). Fifty Crucial Questions: An Overview of Central Concerns About Manhood and Womanhood. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-43355184-0.
  • ———; Moreland, J.P.; Meyer, Stepen C.; Shaw, Christopher; Gauger, Ann K. (2017). Theistic Evolution: A Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Critique. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-43355286-1.
  • ——— (2018). Christian Ethics: An Introduction to Biblical Moral Reasoning. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. ISBN 978-1-43354965-6.

As editor[edit]

Articles and chapters[edit]

Video courses[edit]

  • Christian Beliefs DVD Discipleship Course


  • Biblical Foundations for Manhood and Womanhood (editor)


  1. ^ "Wayne Grudem". Archived from the original on 2022-04-16. Retrieved 2023-11-06.
  2. ^ Strachan, Owen (2015). Awakening the Evangelical Mind. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-31052079-5.
  3. ^ Wayne Grudem. "A Baptist Because of the Bible" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b c Wayne Grudem, Phoenix Seminary, archived from the original on September 28, 2013, retrieved December 7, 2012
  5. ^ "I Have Parkinson's and I Am at Peace". Desiring God. December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  6. ^ Grudem, Wayne (July 28, 2016), "Why Voting for Donald Trump Is a Morally Good Choice", Town hall.
  7. ^ Grudem, Wayne (October 9, 2016), "Trump's Moral Character and the Election", Town hall.
  8. ^ Grudem, Wayne (October 19, 2016), "If You Don't Like Either Candidate, Then Vote for Trump's Policies", Town hall.
  9. ^ Friesen, Courtney (August 29, 2018), "Grab 'em by the Bible: Wayne Grudem and Trumpian Biblical Ethics", Sojourners.
  10. ^ Grudem, Wayne (August 8, 2020). "Letter to an Anti-Trump Christian Friend". Townhall. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
  11. ^ Strachan, Owen (2015). Awakening the Evangelical Mind. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-31052079-5.
  12. ^ Grudem, Wayne (1993). Power and Truth: A Response to 'Power Religion' (PDF). The Association of Vineyard Churches.
  13. ^ Brandon D. Smith (2018-04-25). "The Trinity Debate (2016-2017): A Selected Bibliography". Biblical Reasoning. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  14. ^ "Trinitarian Theology". B&H Academic. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  15. ^ "Trinity Without Hierarchy | Kregel". www.kregel.com. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  16. ^ Grudem, Wayne. ""Biblical Evidence for the Eternal Submission of the Son to the Father"" (PDF).
  17. ^ Butner, Jr., Glenn. ""Eternal Functional Subordination and the Problem of the Divine Will"" (PDF). JETS. 58/1: 131–49.
  18. ^ Sanders, Fred (14 June 2016). "18 Theses on the Father and Son".
  19. ^ "The Meaning Of κεφαλή ("Head"): An Evaluation Of New Evidence, Real And Alleged" (PDF). Retrieved 2023-11-06.
  20. ^ Grudem, Wayne (30 November 2012). Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth: An Analysis of More Than 100 Disputed Questions. ISBN 9781433532641.

External links[edit]