Gustavo Noboa

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Gustavo Noboa
Gustavo noboa.jpg
42nd President of Ecuador
In office
22 January 2000 – 15 January 2003
Vice PresidentPedro Pinto Rubianes
Preceded byJamil Mahuad
Succeeded byLucio Gutiérrez
Vice President of Ecuador
In office
10 August 1998 – 21 January 2000
PresidentJamil Mahuad
Preceded byPedro Aguayo Cubillo
Succeeded byPedro Pinto Rubianes
Governor of Guayas
In office
March 1983 – August 1984
PresidentOsvaldo Hurtado Larrea
Succeeded byJaime Nebot
Personal details
Born
Gustavo José Joaquín Noboa Bejarano

(1937-08-21)21 August 1937
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Died16 February 2021(2021-02-16) (aged 83)
Miami, Florida, United States
NationalityEcuadorian
Political partyPopular Democracy
Spouse(s)María Isabel Baquerizo
Alma materUniversity of Guayaquil

Gustavo José Joaquín Noboa Bejarano (21 August 1937 – 16 February 2021) was an Ecuadorian politician. He served as the 42nd president of Ecuador from 22 January 2000 to 15 January 2003. Previously he served as the vice president during Jamil Mahuad's government from 1998 until 2000.[1] From 1983 until 1984, he also was the Governor of the province of Guayas.

Political career[edit]

Noboa was governor of Guayas Province from March 1983 to August 1984.[2] In the 1998 presidential elections he was the running mate of Jamil Mahuad, who won.[3] He was sworn in as Vice President of Ecuador on 10 August 1998.[4]

Presidency (2000–2003)[edit]

On 21 January 2000, a military coup deposed Mahuad's government and the following day Noboa became President of Ecuador in constitutional order.[5] He had the popular support of the country's indigenous people.[6]

Noboa's presidency was marked by attempts to revive the Ecuadorian economy, which was in a recession at the time, including the freeing of US$400 million worth of assets frozen by the previous government.[7] He left office in 2003 after Lucio Gutiérrez was elected president in the 2002 presidential election.[8] Noboa's presidency became notable for restoring the country's economy.[3]

Controversy[edit]

Noboa was accused of mishandling the country's foreign debt by the former president, León Febres Cordero.[9]

After his term ended, accusations of irregularities in foreign debt negotiation that cost the country $9 billion dollars were levelled at the former president.[10] He completely denied the charges and applied for political asylum in the Dominican Republic, which was granted on 11 August 2003.[11]

The Supreme Court case against him was annulled by an unconstitutional, yet functioning, Supreme Court on the grounds that the case was not initiated by a two-thirds congressional vote as the Constitution stipulates.[12] However, he was placed under house arrest in May 2005 and Ecuador's Interior Minister planned to prosecute.[13] On 16 March 2006, a Supreme Court judge lifted the detention order and charged Noboa with being an accessory after the fact.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Noboa was born in Guayaquil.[15] He studied political and social sciences and obtained a Doctor in Law from the University of Guayaquil.[16] He was chancellor of the University from 1986 until 1996 and also taught law there.[17] He was 83.

Noboa died on 16 February 2021 after suffering a heart attack while in recovery from surgery for a brain tumor at Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, Florida.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vicepresidentes en la historia" (PDF). www.vicepresidencia.gob.ec. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Former Ecuadorian president Gustavo Noboa dies at 83". Xinhuanet. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Ex-Ecuadorian leader Gustavo Noboa dies after brain surgery". ABC News. 17 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Former Ecuador President Gustavo Noboa, dies at 83". Sprout Wired. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  5. ^ "ECUADOR'S QUICKIE COUP". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Military-Indigenous Coup Aborted". Global Policy Forum. 22 January 2000. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Ecuador's economic crisis continues with 'imposed' president". The Irish Times. 24 January 2000. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Ret'd Army Colonel Lucio Gutierrez Elected President of Ecuador". Haaretz. 24 November 2002.
  9. ^ "Ecuador ex-president seeks asylum", BBC News, 28 July 2003
  10. ^ "Still Not Much Hope in Ecuador". Associated Press. 23 January 2000. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  11. ^ "FORMER PRESIDENT NOBOA GETS ASYLUM IN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC". Orlando Sentinel. 24 August 2003. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  12. ^ "INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS" (PDF). Corteidh. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Ecuador: Former president under arrest". TRIB Live. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Ecuador's ex-president under house arrest". Latin American Tribune. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Ecuador Ex-president Who Dollarized Economy Dies". Barrons. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Former president and dollarization architect in Ecuador, Gustavo Noboa dies at 83 – 02/16/2021 – World". Ksusentiel. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  17. ^ "H.E. Gustavo Noboa". Global Peace. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Murió el expresidente Gustavo Noboa". El Universo. 16 February 2021.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Jamil Mahuad
President of Ecuador
22 January 2000 – 15 January 2003
Succeeded by
Lucio Gutiérrez
Preceded by
Pedro Aguayo Cubillo
Vice President of Ecuador
10 August 1998 – 21 January 2000
Succeeded by
Pedro Pinto Rubianes