List of heads of state of Ecuador

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Constitutional President of the Republic of Ecuador
National Standard of Ecuador.svg
Presidential Standard
Rafael Correa in France (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Rafael Correa

since January 15, 2007
Style Mr. President
Residence Carondelet Palace
Term length Four years
renewable indefinitely
Inaugural holder Juan José Flores
Formation September 22, 1830
Website Official website
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ecuador

The Constitutional President of the Republic of Ecuador serves as both the head of state and head of government of Ecuador, is the highest political office in the country as the head of the executive branch of government. As per the current Constitution, the President can serve two four-year terms. Prior to that, the president could only serve one four-year term. The current President of Ecuador is Rafael Correa, first elected in 2006. Correa was re-elected to a second term in 2009, and to a third term in 2013.

History[edit]

The Presidency of Ecuador has been marked by periods of instability, causing the office to change presidents frequently throughout the history of the country. At least five times, the duties of the president have been charged to a provisional government or a military junta. Often, the office has been left to an interim or acting president, many of whom would go on to become president. The President who has served the most terms in office is José María Velasco Ibarra, who served five. Before current re-elected president Rafael Correa, the last president to serve out his complete term in office was Sixto Durán Ballén, who served from 1992 to 1996.

List of Presidents of Ecuador[edit]

# Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Began office Left office Title(s)
1 Juanjoseflores.jpg Juan José Flores
(1800–1864)
May 3, 1830 September 10, 1834 Jéfe Supremo (May 3, 1830 – August 14, 1830)
Provisional President (August 14, 1830 – September 22, 1830)
President (September 22, 1830 – September 10, 1834)
2 Vicente Rocafuerte.jpg Vicente Rocafuerte
(1783–1847)
September 10, 1834 January 31, 1839 Jéfe Supremo of Guayas (September 10, 1834 – June 22, 1835)
Jéfe Supremo Chief of the State (June 22, 1835 – August 8, 1835)
President (August 8, 1835 – January 31, 1839)
(1) Juanjoseflores.jpg Juan José Flores
(1800–1864)
February 1, 1839 March 6, 1845 President (February 1, 1839 – January 15, 1843)
Provisional President (January 15, 1843 – April 1, 1843)
President (April 1, 1843 – March 6, 1845)
Jjolemdo.jpg José Joaquín de Olmedo
(1780–1847)
March 7, 1845 December 8, 1845 Head of Provisional Government
3 Vicente Ramón Roca.jpg Vicente Ramón Roca
(1792–1858)
December 8, 1845 October 15, 1849 President
Manuel de Ascásubi y Matheu0001.jpg Manuel de Ascásubi
(1804–1876)
October 15, 1849 December 7, 1850 Interim President
4 Diego Noboa Arteta.jpg Diego Noboa
(1789–1870)
December 8, 1850 September 12, 1851 Interim President (December 8, 1850 – February 25, 1851)
President (February 26, 1851 – September 13, 1851)
5 José María Urbina0001.jpg José María Urvina
(1808–1891)
July 24, 1851 October 15, 1856 Jéfe Supremo (July 24, 1851 – July 17, 1852)
Interim President (July 17, 1852 – September 6, 1852)
President (September 6, 1852 – October 15, 1856)
6 Ecuador-robles.png Francisco Robles
(1811–1893)
October 16, 1856 August 31, 1859 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
Governments of the Crisis
Provisional Government of Quito September 4, 1859 January 10, 1861 Members: Gabriel García Moreno
Jerónimo Carrión
Plácido Chiriboga
Rafael Carvajal
Government of Cuenca May 6, 1859 November 13, 1859 Leaders:
Jerónimo Carrión (May 6, 1859 – 7 May 1859)
Francisco Robles and Guillermo Franco (May 8, 1859 – September 27, 1859)
Ramón Borrero (September 27, 1859 – November 13, 1859; with Quito)
Supreme Leadership of Guayas August 21, 1859 September 24, 1860 Leader: Guillermo Franco
Cañar and Azuay (with Guayas) November 13, 1859 March 3, 1860 Leader: Mariano Moreno
Federal Government of Loja September 18, 1859 March 23, 1860 Leader: Manuel Carrión Pinzano
7 Gabriel García Moreno.jpg Gabriel García Moreno
(1821–1875)
January 17, 1861 August 30, 1865 Interim President (January 17, 1861 – April 2, 1861)
President (April 2, 1861 – August 30, 1865)
Rafael Carvajal (1865).jpg Rafael Carvajal
(1818–1881)
August 31, 1865 September 7, 1865 Acting President
8 Jerónimo Carrión y Palacio.jpg Jerónimo Carrión
(1804–1873)
September 7, 1865 November 6, 1867 President
Arteta, Pedro José.jpg Pedro José de Arteta
(1797–1873)
November 7, 1867 January 20, 1868 Acting President
9 Juan Javier Espinosa.jpg Javier Espinosa
(1815–1870)
January 20, 1868 January 19, 1869 President
Gabriel García Moreno.jpg Gabriel García Moreno
(1821–1875)
January 19, 1869 May 19, 1869 Interim President
Manuel de Ascásubi y Matheu0001.jpg Manuel de Ascásubi
(1804–1876)
May 19, 1869 August 10, 1869 Interim President
(7) Gabriel García Moreno.jpg Gabriel García Moreno
(1821–1875)
August 10, 1869 August 6, 1875 President
Francisco Javier León, Encargado del Poder en 1875.jpg Francisco Xavier León
(1832–1880)
August 6, 1875 September 15, 1875 Interim President
- Jose Javier Eguiguren.jpg José Javier Eguiguren
(1816–1884)
September 15, 1875 December 9, 1875 Interim President
10 Antonio Borrero2.jpg Antonio Borrero
(1827–1911)
December 9, 1875 September 8, 1876 President
11 Ignacio de Veintemilla Villacis.jpg Ignacio de Veintemilla
(1828–1908)
September 8, 1876 January 10, 1883 Jéfe Supremo (September 8, 1876 – January 26, 1878)
President (April 21, 1878 – March 26, 1882)
Jéfe Supremo (March 26, 1882 – January 10, 1883)
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
Governments of the Restoration
"Pentevirato Quiteño" January 14, 1883 October 15, 1883 Members:
José María Plácido Caamaño
Luis Cordero
Agustín Guerrero
Pedro Lizarzaburu
Rafael Pérez Pareja
Supreme Leadership of Manabí and Esmeraldas June 5, 1883 October 15, 1883 Leader: Eloy Alfaro
Supreme Leadership of Guayas July 10, 1883 October 15, 1883 Leader: Pedro Carbo
12 José María Plácido Caamaño.jpg José Plácido Caamaño
(1837–1901)
October 15, 1883 June 30, 1888 Interim President (October 15, 1883 – February 10, 1884)
President (February 10, 1884 – June 30, 1888)
Cevallos,-Pedro-Jose.jpg Pedro José Cevallos
(1830–1892)
July 1, 1888 August 17, 1888 Acting President
13 Antonio Flores Jijón.jpg Antonio Flores Jijón
(1833–1915)
August 17, 1888 June 10, 1892 President
14 Luis cordero crespo.jpg Luis Cordero Crespo
(1833–1912)
July 1, 1892 April 16, 1895 President
Vicente Lucio Salazar.jpg Vicente Lucio Salazar
(1832–1896)
April 16, 1895 June 5, 1895 Acting President
15 Eloy alfaro portrait.png Eloy Alfaro
(1842–1912)
June 5, 1895 August 31, 1901 Jéfe Supremo (June 5, 1895 – October 9, 1896)
Interim President (October 9, 1896 – January 17, 1897)
President (January 17, 1897 – August 31, 1901)
16 Leonidas plaza g.JPG Leónidas Plaza
(1865–1932)
September 1, 1901 August 31, 1905 President
17 Lizardo Garcia Sorrroza.jpg Lizardo García
(1844–1927)
September 1, 1905 January 15, 1906 President
(15) Eloy alfaro portrait.png Eloy Alfaro
(1842–1912)
January 16, 1906 August 11, 1911 Jéfe Supremo (January 16, 1906 – October 9, 1906)
Interim President (October 9, 1906 – January 1, 1907)
President (January 1, 1907 – August 11, 1911)
Carlos Freile Zaldumbide.jpg Carlos Freile Zaldumbide
(1851–1928)
August 11, 1911 August 31, 1911 Acting President
18 Emilio Estrada Carmona.jpg Emilio Estrada
(1855–1911)
September 1, 1911 December 21, 1911 President
Carlos Freile Zaldumbide.jpg Carlos Freile Zaldumbide
(1851–1928)
December 22, 1911 March 5, 1912 Acting President
Francisco Andrade Marin.jpg Francisco Andrade Marín
(1841–1935)
March 6, 1912 August 1, 1912 Acting President
Alfredo baquerizo moreno.JPG Alfredo Baquerizo
(1859–1951)
August 1, 1912 September 1, 1912 Acting President
(16) Leonidas plaza g.JPG Leónidas Plaza
(1865–1932)
September 1, 1912 August 31, 1916 President
19 Alfredo baquerizo moreno.JPG Alfredo Baquerizo
(1859–1951)
September 1, 1916 August 31, 1920 President
20 José Luis Tamayo Teran.gif José Luis Tamayo
(1858–1947)
September 1, 1920 August 31, 1924 President
21 Gonzalo cordova.JPG Gonzalo Córdova
(1863–1928)
September 1, 1924 July 9, 1925 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg First Provisional Government July 10, 1925 January 6, 1926
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Second Provisional Government January 10, 1926 March 31, 1926
22 Isidro ayora.JPG Isidro Ayora
(1879–1978)
April 3, 1926 August 24, 1931 Interim President (April 6, 1926 – April 17, 1929)
President (April 17, 1929 – August 24, 1931)
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Luis Larrea Alba
(1894–1979)
August 24, 1931 October 15, 1931 Minister of Government
Alfredo baquerizo moreno.JPG Alfredo Baquerizo
(1859–1951)
October 15, 1931 August 28, 1932 President of the Senate
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Carlos Freile Larrea
(1876–1942)
August 28, 1932 September 1, 1932 Minister of Government
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Alberto Guerrero Martínez
(1878–1941)
September 2, 1932 December 4, 1932 President of the Senate
23 Juan de dios martinez.JPG Juan de Dios Martínez
(1875–1955)
December 5, 1932 October 19, 1933 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Abelardo Montalvo
(1876–1950)
October 20, 1933 August 31, 1934 Acting President
24 Velascoi.jpg José María Velasco Ibarra
(1893–1979)
September 1, 1934 August 21, 1935 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Antonio Pons
(1897–1980)
August 21, 1935 September 25, 1935 Acting President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Federico Páez
(1876–1974)
September 26, 1935 October 23, 1937 Jéfe Supremo
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Alberto Enríquez Gallo
(1894–1962)
October 23, 1937 August 10, 1938 Jéfe Supremo
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Manuel María Borrero
(1883–1975)
August 10, 1938 December 1, 1938 Interim President
25 Aurelio mosquera narvaez.JPG Aurelio Mosquera
(1883–1939)
December 2, 1938 November 17, 1939 President
Carlos arroyo del rio.JPG Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río
(1893–1969)
November 18, 1939 December 10, 1939 Acting President
Andrés F Córdova.jpg Andrés Córdova
(1892–1983)
December 11, 1939 August 10, 1940 Acting President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Julio Enrique Moreno
(1879–1952)
August 10, 1940 August 31, 1940 Acting President
26 Carlos arroyo del rio.JPG Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río
(1893–1969)
September 1, 1940 May 28, 1944 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Julio Teodoro Salem
(1900–1968)
May 29, 1944 May 31, 1944 Acting President
(24) Velascoi.jpg José María Velasco Ibarra
(1893–1979)
June 1, 1944 August 23, 1947 President of the Republic (June 1, 1944 – August 10, 1944)
Constitutional President (August 10, 1944 – March 30, 1946)
President of the Republic (March 30, 1946 – August 10, 1946)
Constitutional President (August 10, 1946 – August 23, 1947)
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Carlos Mancheno Cajas
(1902–1996)
August 23, 1947 September 2, 1947 Jéfe Supremo
27 Marianosuarezveintimillaec.png Mariano Suárez Veintimilla
(1897–1980)
September 2, 1947 September 17, 1947 President
28 Arosemena tola cj.png C.J. Arosemena Tola
(1888–1952)
September 17, 1947 August 31, 1948 President
29 Galo Plaza Lasso.jpg Galo Plaza
(1906–1987)
September 1, 1948 August 31, 1952 President
(24) Velascoi.jpg José María Velasco Ibarra
(1893–1979)
September 1, 1952 August 31, 1956 President
30 Camilo ponce enriquez.png Camilo Ponce Enríquez
(1912–1976)
September 1, 1956 August 31, 1960 President
(24) Velascoi.jpg José María Velasco Ibarra
(1893–1979)
September 1, 1960 November 7, 1961 President
31 Cj arosemena monroy retrato.png C.J. Arosemena Monroy
(1919–2004)
November 7, 1961 July 11, 1963 President
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Military Junta July 11, 1963 March 29, 1966 Members:
Ramón Castro Jijón
Luis Cabrera Sevilla
Guillermo Freile Posso (until November 9, 1965)
Marcos Gándara
Clemente yerovi.png Clemente Yerovi
(1904–1981)
March 30, 1966 November 16, 1966 Acting President
32 Otto arosemena.png Otto Arosemena
(1925–1984)
November 16, 1966 August 31, 1968 Interim President (November 16, 1966 – May 25, 1967)
Constitutional President (May 25, 1967 – August 31, 1968)
(24) Velascoi.jpg José María Velasco Ibarra
(1893–1979)
September 1, 1968 February 15, 1972 President (September 1, 1968 – June 22, 1970)
Jéfe Supremo (June 22, 1970 – February 15, 1972)
Guillermo Rodriguez (Ecuador).jpg Guillermo Rodríguez Lara
(1924–)
February 15, 1972 January 11, 1976 President (de facto)
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Supreme Government Council January 11, 1976 August 10, 1979 Vice Admiral Alfredo Poveda (President of the Council)
General Guillermo Durán
General Luis Leoro Franco
33 Roldos aguilera jaime.gif Jaime Roldós Aguilera
(1940–1981)
August 10, 1979 May 24, 1981 President
34 Osvaldo hurtado presidente.png Osvaldo Hurtado
(1939–)
May 24, 1981 August 10, 1984 President
35 León Febres Cordero.jpg León Febres Cordero
(1931–2008)
August 10, 1984 August 10, 1988 President
36 Borja Rodrigo.JPG Rodrigo Borja Cevallos
(1935–)
August 10, 1988 August 10, 1992 President
37 Sixto duran ballen.JPG Sixto Durán Ballén
(1921–)
August 10, 1992 August 10, 1996 President
38 Abdalá Bucaram.jpg Abdalá Bucaram
(1952–)
August 10, 1996 February 6, 1997 President
Fabián Alarcón
(1947–)
February 6, 1997 February 9, 1997 Interim President
Rosalía Arteaga
(1956–)
February 9, 1997 February 11, 1997 Acting President
Fabián Alarcón
(1947–)
February 11, 1997 August 10, 1998 Interim President
39 JamilMahuad.jpg Jamil Mahuad
(1949–)
August 10, 1998 January 21, 2000 President
40 Gustavo noboa retrato.png Gustavo Noboa
(1937–)
January 22, 2000 January 15, 2003 President
41 Lucio Gutiérrez.jpg Lucio Gutiérrez
(1957–)
January 15, 2003 April 20, 2005 President
42 Alfredo Palacio, Cumbre América del Sur y países árabes.jpg Alfredo Palacio
(1939–)
April 20, 2005 January 15, 2007 President
43 Rafael Correa in France (cropped).jpg Rafael Correa
(1963–)
January 15, 2007 Incumbent President

Rival governments in rebellion[edit]

Picture Name Began Ended Title(s)
Vicente Rocafuerte.jpg Vicente Rocafuerte October 20, 1833 July 1834 Jefe Supremo of the Department of the Guayas
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg José Félix Valdivieso July 13, 1834 January 18, 1835 Jefe Supremo
Olmedo.jpg José Joaquín de Olmedo March 6, 1845 June 18, 1845 President of the Provisional Government
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Antonio de Elizalde March 1850 1850 Jefe Supremo
Diego Noboa Arteta.jpg Diego Noboa February 20, 1850 June 10, 1850 Jefe Supremo
José María Urbina0001.jpg José María Urvina July 13, 1851 July 17, 1851 Jefe Supremo
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Provisional Government May 1, 1859 June 4, 1859 Members: Gabriel García Moreno (from May 25)
Manuel Gómez de la Torre (to May 25)
José María Avilés
Pacífico Chiriboga
Jerónimo Carrión y Palacio.jpg Jerónimo Carrión June 6, 1859 1859
Gabriel García Moreno.jpg Gabriel García Moreno June 4, 1859 September 17, 1861 Jefe Supremo
Guillermo Franco.jpg Guillermo Franco September 17, 1859 September 24, 1860 Jefe Supremo of Guayas and Azuay
Ignacio de Veintemilla Villacis.jpg Ignacio de Veintemilla September 8, 1876 December 19, 1876 Jefe Supremo
Eloy alfaro portrait.png Eloy Alfaro February 1883 October 11, 1883 Jefe Supremo of Manabí and Esmeraldas
Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Provisional Government January 14, 1883 July 9, 1883 Members: José María Sarasti
Pedro Ignacio Lizarzaburu
Agustín Guerrero
Luis Cordero Crespo (from February 14)
Pablo Herrera (to February 14)
Rafael Pérez Pareja
Pedro Carbo.jpg Pedro Carbo September 17, 1883 October 11, 1883 Jefe Supremo of Guayas
Eloy alfaro portrait.png Eloy Alfaro June 19, 1895 August 23, 1895 Jefe Supremo
Flavio Alfaro Santana.jpg Flavio E. Alfaro Santana December 22, 1911 January 1912
Pedro J. Montero.jpg Pedro Jacinto Montero Maridueña December 28, 1911 January 21, 1912

Latest elections[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Rafael Correa Movimiento Alianza PAIS 4,918,482 57.17
Guillermo Lasso Creating Opportunities 1,951,102 22.68
Lucio Gutiérrez January 21 Patriotic Society Party 578,875 6.73
Mauricio Rodas SUMA 335,532 3.90
Álvaro Noboa Institutional Renewal Party of National Action 319,956 3.72
Alberto Acosta Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 280,539 3.26
Norman Wray Ruptura 25 112,525 1.31
Nelson Zavala Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 105,592 1.23
Invalid/blank votes 863,257
Total 9,465,860 100
Registered voters/turnout 11,675,441 81.09
Source: CNE

See also[edit]

External links[edit]