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For the historic French hospital, see Hôpital de la Charité.
Not to be confused with Charites.
Charité – University Medicine Berlin
Logo Charite.svg
Motto Forschen, Lehren, Heilen, Helfen
Motto in English
Research, Teaching, Healing, Helping
Established 1710
Type Public
Endowment 1.3 billion €
Chairman Karl Max Einhäupl
Academic staff
233 professors
Administrative staff
12,700 (including scientists, general hospital staff)
Students 6,974 (in 2012)
Location Berlin, Germany
Campus Urban
Affiliations Freie Universität Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin

The Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is a large teaching hospital in Berlin, affiliated with both Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin.[1] With numerous Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Charité is one of Germany's most research-intensive medical institutions. For the past three years (2012 to 2014), Charité has been ranked by Focus as the best of over 1000 hospitals in Germany.[2][3]


Complying with an order of King Frederick I of Prussia from November 14, 1709, the hospital was established north of the Berlin city walls in 1710 in anticipation of an outbreak of the bubonic plague that had already depopulated East Prussia. After the plague spared the city, it came to be used as a charity hospital for the poor. On January 9, 1727 Frederick William I of Prussia gave it the name Charité, meaning "charity".[4] The construction of an anatomical theatre in 1713 marks the beginning of the medical school, then supervised by the collegium medico-chirurgicum of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.[5]

After the University of Berlin (today Humboldt University) had been founded in 1810, the dean of the medical college Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland integrated the Charité as a teaching hospital in 1828.


Locations of the four campuses of Charité in Berlin
Campus Charité Mitte (CCM)
Entrance to Campus Charité Mitte in the heart of Berlin

The Charité has four different campuses across the city of Berlin:

Campus Virchow Klinikum (CVK), German Heart Center Berlin (Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin)
Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF)

In 2001, the Helios Clinics Group acquired the hospitals in Buch with its 1,200 beds.[citation needed] Still, the Charité continues to use the campus for teaching and research and has more than 300 staff members located there. The Charité encompasses more than 100 clinics and scientific institutes, organized in 17 different departments, referred to as Charité Centers (CC):

  • CC 1: Health and Human Sciences
  • CC 2: Basic Sciences (First Year)
  • CC 3: Dental, Oral and Maxillary Medicine
  • CC 4: Therapy and Research
  • CC 5: Diagnostic Laboratory and Preventative Medicine
  • CC 6: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
  • CC 7: Anesthesiology, Operating-Room Management and Intensive Care Medicine
  • CC 8: Surgery
  • CC 9: Traumatology and Reconstructive Medicine
  • CC 10: Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • CC 11: Cardiovascular Diseases
  • CC 12: Internal Medicine and Dermatology
  • CC 13: Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Nephrology
  • CC 14: Tumor Medicine
  • CC 15: Neurology, Neurosurgery, Psychiatry
  • CC 16: Audiology/Phoniatrics, Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology
  • CC 17: Gynecology, Perinatal, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine with Perinatal Center & Human Genetics

Overall, 13 of those centers focus on patient care, while the rest focuses on research and teaching. The Medical History Museum Berlin has a history dating back to 1899. The museum in its current form opened in 1998 and is famous for its pathological and anatomical collection.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Many famous physicians and scientists worked or studied at the Charité. Indeed, more than half of the German Nobel Prize winners in medicine and physiology come from the Charité.[7] In total, 40 Nobel laureates are affiliated with Humboldt University of Berlin and 5 with Freie Universität Berlin.

Nobel laureates[edit]

Rudolf Virchow, by Hugo Vogel
Robert Koch and the beginnings of microbiology
Paul Ehrlich and the introduction of antimicrobial chemotherapy at Charité Paul Ehrlich
Theodor Billroth operating

Other notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin Geschichte". 
  2. ^ "Charité bestätigt Spitzenposition als „Deutschlands beste Klinik“" (Press release) (in German). Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Mayer, Kurt-Martin (21 September 2014). "Die FOCUS-Klinikliste: Die Charité ist Deutschlands bestes Krankenhaus - Gesundheits-News - FOCUS Online - Nachrichten". Focus (in German). Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "History". Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  5. ^ Einhäupl, Karl Max; Ganten, Detlev; Hein, Jakob (2010). "2 Krankenpflege". 300 Jahre Charité - im Spiegel ihrer Institute (in German). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 22–23. ISBN 9783110202564. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "History of the Museum". Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  7. ^ 2011, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. "Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin: Charité". Retrieved 2015-08-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°31′36″N 13°22′47″E / 52.52667°N 13.37972°E / 52.52667; 13.37972