|Motto||Forschen, Lehren, Heilen, Helfen|
Motto in English
|Research, Teaching, Healing, Helping|
|Endowment||1.3 billion €|
|Chairman||Karl Max Einhäupl|
|12,700 (including scientists, general hospital staff)|
|Students||6,974 (in 2012)|
|Affiliations||Freie Universität Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
The Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is a large teaching hospital in Berlin, affiliated with both Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin. With numerous Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Charité is one of Germany's most research-intensive medical institutions. For the past three years (2012 to 2014), Charité has been ranked by Focus as the best of over 1000 hospitals in Germany.
Complying with an order of King Frederick I of Prussia from November 14, 1709, the hospital was established north of the Berlin city walls in 1710 in anticipation of an outbreak of the bubonic plague that had already depopulated East Prussia. After the plague spared the city, it came to be used as a charity hospital for the poor. On January 9, 1727 Frederick William I of Prussia gave it the name Charité, meaning "charity". The construction of an anatomical theatre in 1713 marks the beginning of the medical school, then supervised by the collegium medico-chirurgicum of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
The Charité has four different campuses across the city of Berlin:
- Campus Charité Mitte (CCM) in Berlin-Mitte
- Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF) in Berlin-Lichterfelde (formerly "Klinikum Steglitz")
- Campus Virchow Klinikum (CVK) in Berlin-Wedding
- Campus Berlin Buch (CBB) in Berlin-Buch
In 2001, the Helios Clinics Group acquired the hospitals in Buch with its 1,200 beds. Still, the Charité continues to use the campus for teaching and research and has more than 300 staff members located there. The Charité encompasses more than 100 clinics and scientific institutes, organized in 17 different departments, referred to as Charité Centers (CC):
- CC 1: Health and Human Sciences
- CC 2: Basic Sciences (First Year)
- CC 3: Dental, Oral and Maxillary Medicine
- CC 4: Therapy and Research
- CC 5: Diagnostic Laboratory and Preventative Medicine
- CC 6: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
- CC 7: Anesthesiology, Operating-Room Management and Intensive Care Medicine
- CC 8: Surgery
- CC 9: Traumatology and Reconstructive Medicine
- CC 10: Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center
- CC 11: Cardiovascular Diseases
- CC 12: Internal Medicine and Dermatology
- CC 13: Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Nephrology
- CC 14: Tumor Medicine
- CC 15: Neurology, Neurosurgery, Psychiatry
- CC 16: Audiology/Phoniatrics, Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology
- CC 17: Gynecology, Perinatal, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine with Perinatal Center & Human Genetics
Overall, 13 of those centers focus on patient care, while the rest focuses on research and teaching. The Medical History Museum Berlin has a history dating back to 1899. The museum in its current form opened in 1998 and is famous for its pathological and anatomical collection.
Many famous physicians and scientists worked or studied at the Charité. Indeed, more than half of the German Nobel Prize winners in medicine and physiology come from the Charité. In total, 40 Nobel laureates are affiliated with Humboldt University of Berlin and 5 with Freie Universität Berlin.
- Emil Adolf von Behring – physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1901)
- Ernst Boris Chain – biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945)
- Paul Ehrlich – immunologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1908)
- Hermann Emil Fischer – chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902)
- Werner Forssmann – physician (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956)
- Robert Koch – physician (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905)
- Albrecht Kossel – physician (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1910)
- Sir Hans Adolf Krebs – physician and biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953)
- Fritz Albert Lipmann – biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953)
- Hans Spemann – embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1935)
- Otto Heinrich Warburg – physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1931)
Other notable people
- Selmar Aschheim – gynecologist
- Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben – surgeon
- August Bier – surgeon
- Max Bielschowsky – neuropathologist
- Theodor Billroth – surgeon
- Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt – neurologist and neuropathologist
- Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach – surgeon
- Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs – pathologist
- Robert Froriep – anatomist
- Wilhelm Griesinger – psychiatrist and neurologist
- Hermann von Helmholtz – physician and physicist
- Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle – physician, pathologist and anatomist
- Eduard Heinrich Henoch – pediatrician
- Otto Heubner – pediatrician
- Rahel Hirsch – first female medical professor in Prussia
- Anton Ludwig Ernst Horn – psychiatrist
- Gero Hütter – hematologist
- Friedrich Jolly – neurologist and psychiatrist
- Friedrich Kraus – internist
- Bernhard von Langenbeck – surgeon
- Karl Leonhard – psychiatrist
- Hugo Karl Liepmann – neurologist and psychiatrist
- Leonor Michaelis – biochemist and physician
- Hermann Oppenheim – neurologist
- Samuel Mitja Rapoport – biochemist and physician
- Moritz Heinrich Romberg – neurologist
- Doreen Rosenstrauch – physician
- Ferdinand Sauerbruch – surgeon
- Curt Schimmelbusch – physician and pathologist
- Johann Lukas Schönlein – physician and pathologist
- Theodor Schwann – zoologist
- Ludwig Traube – physician and pathologist
- Rudolf Virchow – physician, founder of cell theory and modern pathology
- Carl Friedrich Otto Westphal – neurologist and psychiatrist
- Carl Wernicke – neurologist
- August von Wassermann – bacteriologist
- Caspar Friedrich Wolff – physiologist
- Bernhard Zondek – endocrinologist
- "Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin Geschichte".
- "Charité bestätigt Spitzenposition als „Deutschlands beste Klinik“" (Press release) (in German). Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Mayer, Kurt-Martin (21 September 2014). "Die FOCUS-Klinikliste: Die Charité ist Deutschlands bestes Krankenhaus - Gesundheits-News - FOCUS Online - Nachrichten". Focus (in German). Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Chandler, Mark (26 July 2016). "Berlin hospital shooting: Doctor dies after patient shoots him at German clinic". Evening Standard.
- "History". Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Einhäupl, Karl Max; Ganten, Detlev; Hein, Jakob (2010). "2 Krankenpflege". 300 Jahre Charité - im Spiegel ihrer Institute (in German). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 22–23. ISBN 9783110202564. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "History of the Museum". Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- 2011, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. "Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin: Charité". www.charite.de. Retrieved 2015-08-31.
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