HMS Avon (1896)

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History
United kingdom
Name: HMS Avon
Ordered: 1895 – 1896 Naval Estimates
Builder: Barrow Shipbuilders and Vickers, Sons and Maxim, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down: 17 February 1896
Launched: 10 October 1896
Commissioned: February 1899
Out of service: Laid up in reserve 1919
Fate: 1 July 1920 sold to Castle of Plymouth for breaking
General characteristics
Class and type: Vickers three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:
  • 355 t (349 long tons) standard
  • 400 t (394 long tons) full load
  • 214 ft 3 in (65.30 m) o/a
  • 20 ft (6.1 m) Beam
  • 8 ft 5 in (2.57 m) Draught
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 70 tons coal
  • 1,440 nmi (2,670 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

HMS Avon was a Vickers three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1895–1896 Naval Estimates. She was the fifth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1805 for an 18-gun brig-sloop, sunk in 1847.[3][4]

Construction[edit]

She was laid down on 17 February 1896, at the Barrow Shipbuilding Company shipyard at Barrow-in-Furness, and launched on 10 October 1896. During her builder’s trials she made her contracted speed requirement. In 1897 during the construction of these ships, the Barrow Shipbuilding Company was purchases by Vickers, Sons and Maxim and renamed as the Naval Construction and Armaments Shipyard. Avon was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in January 1899.[3][4]

Pre-War[edit]

After commissioning, HMS Avon was assigned to the East Coast Flotilla based at Harwich. She was deployed in Home waters for her entire service life.

In early March 1902 she was at Chatham for repairs, after encountering a heavy gale during a cruise,[5] and the following month she was paid off and her crew transferred to the destroyer Swordfish.[6] She subsequently had her boiler retubed at Chatham dockyard.[7]

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. Since her design speed was 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) and she had three funnels, she was assigned to the C Class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as a C-class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[8]

World War I[edit]

For the test mobilization in July 1914 she was assigned to the 7th Destroyer Flotilla based at Devonport tendered to Leander, destroyer depot ship to the 7th Flotilla. In September 1914 the 7th was redeployed to the Humber River. Her employment within the Humber Patrol included anti-submarine and counter-mining patrols.

In November 1916 she deployed to the Irish Sea Hunting Flotilla until the cessation of hostilities, providing anti-submarine and counter-smuggling patrols following the Easter Uprising of 1916 in Dublin.

Disposition[edit]

In 1919 she was paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal. She was sold on 1 July 1920 to Castle of Plymouth for breaking.[9]

She was not awarded a Battle Honour for her service.

Pennant Numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[9] From To
D02 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D45 1 Sep 1915 1 Jan 1918
D08 1 Jan 1918 1 Jul 1920

References[edit]

NOTE: All tabular data under General Characteristics only from the listed Jane's Fighting Ships volume unless otherwise specified

Citations
  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1905]. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 77.
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1990) [1919, reprinted]. Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 77. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  3. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. pp. 84 to 85.
  4. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1990). p. 76.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36712). London. 11 March 1902. p. 11.
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36753). London. 28 April 1902. p. 8.
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36835). London. 1 August 1902. p. 8.
  8. ^ Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985, reprinted 1986, 1997, 2002, 2006]. pp. 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
  9. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
References
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X.