HMS Racehorse (1900)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Racehorse.
HMS Racehorse at sea (15537895638).jpg
History
Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Racehorse
Ordered: 1898 – 1899 Naval Estimates
Builder: R.W. Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hebburn-on-Tyne
Laid down: 23 October 1899
Launched: 8 November 1900
Commissioned: March 1902
Out of service: Paid off, 1919
Fate: Sold for breaking, 23 March 1920
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Hawthorn Leslie three funnel - 30 knot destroyer
Displacement:
  • 355 t (349 long tons) standard
  • 415 t (408 long tons) full load
Installed power: 6,300 shp (4,700 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 95 tons coal
  • 1,615 nmi (2,991 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918
Awards: Battle honour Belgian Coast 1915 – 16

HMS Racehorse was a three-funnel, 30-knot torpedo boat destroyer built by Hawthorn Leslie for the Royal Navy. Ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1898–1899 Naval Estimates, she was the eighth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1757.[3][4] She served in World War I and was sold for breaking in 1920.

Construction[edit]

She was laid down on 23 October 1899 at the R.W. Hawthorn Leslie and Company shipyard at Hebburn-on-Tyne and launched on 8 November 1900. During her builder’s trials she made her contract speed of 30 knots. She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in March 1902.[3][4]

Service[edit]

After commissioning she was assigned to the Channel Fleet. In May 1902 she received the officers and men from HMS Mermaid, and was commissioned at Chatham by Commander John Green for service with the Medway Instructional Flotilla.[5] She spent her operational career mainly in home waters. In 1909 she was assigned to the 2nd Flotilla at Portland under the command of Lieutenant G B Hartford.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by letters. Since her design speed was 30-knots and she had three funnels she was assigned with similar vessels to the C class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as a C-class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[6]

By July 1914 she was in the 6th Destroyer Flotilla tendered to HMS Attentive based at Dover. While employed in the 6th Flotilla she performed anti-submarine and counter-mining patrols as well as Dover Barrage defensive patrols. On 28 October 1914 under the command of Lieutenant E P U Pender, she was part of the anti-submarine screen for operations off the Belgian coast.

From 22 August through 19 November 1915, Along with her sisters Mermaid and Greyhound, she provided an anti-submarine screen for several operations off the Belgian coast.

Disposal[edit]

In 1919 she was paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal. She was sold on 23 March 1920 to M Yates for breaking at Milford Haven.[7] She was awarded the battle honour Belgian Coast 1915 – 16 for her service.

Pennant numbers[edit]

Pennant number[7] From To
P15 6 December 1914 1 September 1915
D66 1 September 1915 1 January 1918
D71 1 January 1918 23 March 1920

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 89.
  2. ^ Jane 1905, p. 77.
  3. ^ a b Jane (1898) , pp.84–85
  4. ^ a b Jane (1919), p.76
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10. 
  6. ^ Gardiner (1985), pp.17–19
  7. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 Jun 2013. 
  • Brassey, T.A. (1902). The Naval Annual 1902. Portsmouth, UK: J. Griffin and Co. 
  • Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. 
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Grant, Robert M. (1964). U-Boats Destroyed: the Effect of Anti-Submarine Warfare 1914–1918. London: Putnam. 
  • Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1st. pub. Sampson Low & Marston, London]. Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: ARCO Publishing Company. 
  • Keyes, Roger (1935). The Naval Memoirs of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes: Volume 2: Scapa Flow to the Dover Straits. Taylor & Francis. 
  • Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-3648. 
  • Manning, T. D. (1961). The British Destroyer. London: Putnam & Co. Ltd. 
  • Manning, Captain T.D (1979). The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X. 
  • McCartney, Innes (2003). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel. Penzance, UK: Periscope Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-904381-04-9. 
  • Moore, John (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.