HMS Vixen (1900)

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History
United Kingdom
Name: Vixen
Ordered: 1898 – 1898 Naval Estimates
Builder: Vickers, Sons and Maxim, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down: 7 September 1899
Launched: 29 March 1900
Commissioned: March 1902
Decommissioned: 1919
Out of service: Laid up in reserve 1919
Fate: 17 March 1921 sold to Thos W Ward for breaking at Grays, Essex, on the Thames Estuary
General characteristics
Class and type: Vickers three funnel - 30 knot destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:
  • 355 t (349 long tons) standard
  • 400 t (394 long tons) full load
  • 214 ft 3 in (65.30 m) o/a
  • 20 ft (6.1 m) Beam
  • 8 ft 5 in (2.57 m) Draught
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 70 tons coal
  • 1,440 nmi (2,670 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

HMS Vixen was a Vickers three funnel - 30 knot destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1895 – 1896 Naval Estimates. She was the fourth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1801 for an 18-gun brig sold 1815.[3][4]

Construction[edit]

She was laid down on 7 September 1899 at Vickers, Sons and Maxim Naval Construction and Armaments shipyard at Barrow-in-Furness and launched on 29 March 1900. During her builder’s trials she made her contract speed of 30 knots. She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in March 1902.[3][4]

Pre-War[edit]

Vixen was assigned to the Channel Fleet. She was commissioned at Devonport by Commander William George Elmhirst Ruck-Keene on 11 March 1902,[5] for service with the Devonport instructional flotilla.[6] Commander Ruck-Keene and the crew transferred to HMS Gipsy on 30 July 1902, when the latter ship replaced her in the Flotilla.[7] She spent her operational career mainly in Home Waters operating with the Channel Fleet in the East Coast Flotilla.

In the evening of 16 August 1912 she was in collision with the ferry South Shields while proceeding down river.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. Since her design speed was 30-knots and she had three funnels she was assigned to the C Class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as a C Class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[8]

World War I[edit]

For the test mobilization in July 1914 she was assigned to the 7th Destroyer Flotilla based at Devonport tendered to HMS Leander, destroyer depot ship to the 7th Flotilla. In September 1914 the 7th was redeployed to the Humber River. Her employment within the Humber Patrol included anti-submarine and counter mining patrols.

In November 1916 she was redeployed to the Nore Local Flotilla performing anti-submarine patrols and counter mining operations off the Thames until the Armistice.

Disposition[edit]

In 1919 she was paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal. She was sold on 17 March 1921 to Thos W Ward for breaking at Grays, Essex, on the Thames Estuary.[9]

She was not awarded a Battle Honour for her service.

Pennant Numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[9] From To
D44 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D74 1 Sep 1915 1 Jan 1918
D95 1 Jan 1918 17 Mar 1921

References[edit]

NOTE: All tabular data under General Characteristics only from the listed Jane's Fighting Ships volume unless otherwise specified

  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1905]. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 77.
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 77. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  3. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 84 to 85.
  4. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36720). London. 20 March 1902. p. 10.
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36713). London. 12 March 1902. p. 7.
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36834). London. 31 July 1902. p. 5.
  8. ^ Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985]. p. Page 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
  9. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X.