HMS Mermaid (1898)

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HMS Greyhound (1900) underway at Portland.jpg
The visually identical Greyhound underway in 1906
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: Mermaid
Ordered: 1896 – 1897 Naval Estimates
Builder: R.W. Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hebburn-on-Tyne
Cost: £54,509[1]
Yard number: 343[1]
Laid down: 7 September 1896
Launched: 22 February 1898[Note 1]
Commissioned: June 1899
Out of service: 1919
Fate: Sold for breaking, 23 July 1919
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Hawthorn Leslie three-funnel, 30 knot destroyer
Displacement:
  • 355 t (349 long tons) light
  • 400 t (394 long tons) full load
Length: 215 ft (66 m) o/a
Beam: 21 ft 1 in (6.43 m)
Draught: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
Installed power: 6,100 ihp (4,500 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 95 tons coal
  • 1,615 nmi (2,991 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

HMS Mermaid was a Hawthorn Leslie three-funnel, 30 knot destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1896 – 1897 Naval Estimates. She was launched in 1898, served during World War I and was sold for breaking in 1919.

Construction[edit]

She was laid down on 7 September 1896 at the R.W. Hawthorn Leslie and Company shipyard at Hebburn-on-Tyne and launched on 22 February 1898. During her builder’s trials she made her contract speed of 30 knots. She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in June 1899.[2][3]

Early career[edit]

She was commissioned by Commander Mark Kerr as part of the Medway Instructional Flotilla on completion in 1899, but was replaced in the flotilla by HMS Cheerful in March 1900.[4] Back in the Medway flotilla, she served as flagship for Commander John Green when he took command of the flotilla on 13 June 1901.[5] In May 1902 she transferred her officers and crew to HMS Racehorse.[6] She was deployed in home waters for her entire service life except for a brief visit to Gibraltar in 1910.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by letters starting with 'A'. Since her design speed was 30 knots and she had three funnels, she was assigned to the C class. After 30 September 1913 she was known as a C-class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[7]

World War I[edit]

In July 1914 she was in active commission in the 6th Destroyer Flotilla tendered to HMS Attentive based at Dover. On 28 October 1914 under the command of Lieutenant P Percival she was part of the anti-submarine screen for operations off the Belgian Coast. From 22 August to 19 November 1915, along with Greyhound and Racehorse, she provided anti-submarine screen for several operations off the Belgian Coast. In November 1917 she was redeployed to the 7th Destroyer Flotilla based on the Humber where she would finish the war. She was awarded the battle honour "Belgian Coast 1914 – 17".

Fate[edit]

In 1919 she was paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal. She was sold on 23 July 1919 to Thos W Ward of Sheffield for breaking at New Holland, Lincolnshire, on the Humber Estuary.[8]

Pennant numbers[edit]

Pennant number[8] From To
P35 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D63 1 Sep 1915 1 Jan 1918
D56 1 Jan 1918 13 Sep 1918
H85 13 Sep 1918 23 Jul 1919

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lyon has a launch date of 14 July 1897 (and shows Mermaid as launched 22 February 1898) but notes that it is "not clear from the records consulted why Mermaid should be launched before, but completed after, her sister."[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lyon, The First Destroyers, p. 93
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 84 to 85. 
  3. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0. 
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36083). London. 7 March 1900. p. 10. 
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36481). London. 14 June 1901. p. 10. 
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10. 
  7. ^ Conway's All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985]. p. Page 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5. 
  8. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 Jun 2013. 
  • Lyon, David (2001) [1996]. The First Destroyers. Shipshape monographs. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-364-8. 
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X. 

External links[edit]