1957 Haitian general election

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General elections were held in Haiti on 22 September 1957.[1] Former Minister of Labour François Duvalier won the presidential election running under the National Unity Party banner,[2] defeating Louis Déjoie,[3] as well as independent moderate Clement Jumelle, who had dropped out on election day in a cloud of suspicions that the army was monitoring the election in favour of Duvalier. Former head of state Daniel Fignolé, considered a champion of poor blacks, was considered ineligible as he had been forcibly exiled months before the election, allegedly kidnapped.

Supporters of Duvalier also won the Chamber of Deputies elections.[4] Following the election, Déjoie went into exile in Cuba along with his supporters, fearing repression from Duvalier supporters. Haiti was not to see a free or semi-free election until after the fall of Duvalier's son Jean-Claude Duvalier in February 1986.

Voters cut the nail of the little finger of the left hand and dipped it in indelible ink to mark that the person voted.[5]



Candidate Party Votes %
François Duvalier National Unity Party 680,509 72.4
Louis Déjoie National Agricultural Industrial Party 249,656 26.6
Clement Jumelle National Party 9,980 1.1
Invalid/blank votes -
Total 940,445 100
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Duvalier supporters 35
Déjoie supporters 2
Invalid/blank votes - -
Total 37
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p381 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Haiti: Political Parties Country Studies
  3. ^ AvSteeve Coupeau, The history of Haiti
  4. ^ Nohlen, p389
  5. ^ "You Have One Week Left In Which To Grow Finger Nail". Haiti Sun. 15 September 1957. Retrieved 17 July 2018.