Departments of Haiti

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In the administrative divisions of Haiti, the department (French: départements, pronounced: [depaʁt(ə)mɑ̃]) is divided administratively into ten departments. The departments are further divided into 42 arrondissements, 145 communes and then into 571 communal sections.[1][2][3]

In 2014, there was a proposal by the Chamber of Deputies to increase the number of departments from 10 to 14 —perhaps as high as 16.[4]

Departments of Haiti

History[edit]

Three Departments have roots in the former French colony of Saint-Domingue, namely: the Nord, Sud, and Ouest. In 1801, under Governor-General Toussaint Louverture, the "provinces," became known as departments.[5][6] Sometime during the 19th century, Artibonite and Nord-Ouest were created out of Nord and Ouest departments. In 1962 during the reign of Duvalier, four new departments were created out of a territorial redistribution. These departments were: Centre, Grand'Anse, Nord-Ouest and Sud-Est. In 2003, a tenth department was created out Grand'Anse, called Nippes.[7]

In the 1990s, before the creation of Nippes, the "10th Department" was a phrase commonly used in regards to the Haitian diaspora. As of the 21st century, it became known as the "11th."[7]

List of Departments[edit]

  1. Artibonite
  2. Centre
  3. Grand'Anse
  4. Nippes
  5. Nord
  6. Nord-Est
  7. Nord-Ouest
  8. Ouest
  9. Sud-Est
  10. Sud

The following is a table of the departments and their respective capital cities.

Demographics[edit]

Data based on 2015 estimates from the Haitian government.[8]

Department Capital Area (km²) Population Density Map
Artibonite Gonaïves 4,984 1,727,524 1
Centre Hinche 3,675 746,236 2
Grand'Anse Jérémie 1,912 468,301 3
Nippes Miragoâne 1,267 342,525 4
Nord Cap-Haïtien 2,106 1,067,177 5
Nord-Est Fort-Liberté 1,805 393,967 6
Nord-Ouest Port-de-Paix 2,176 728,807 7
Ouest Port-au-Prince 4,827 4,029,705 8
Sud-Est Jacmel 2,023 632,601 9
Sud Les Cayes 2,794 774,976 10

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olivier, Louis-Joseph, ed. (14 August 2015). "Création de cinq nouvelles communes par décret présidentiel". Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 17 March 2016.  (French)
  2. ^ Press, ed. (16 August 2015). "Haïti - Politique : 5 nouvelles communes en Haïti". Haiti Libre. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "7300.- Divisions territoriales". Haiti-Référence. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2016.  (French)
  4. ^ Duval, Frantz (29 September 2014). "Le nouvel ordre géographique et administratif d'Haïti" (in French). Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Press, ed. (1950). "Estadística, Volume 8, Issues 26-29". p. 207. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Kersuze, Simeon-Jones, ed. (2010). "Literary and Sociopolitical Writings of the Black Diaspora in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries". p. 16. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Hall, Michael R., ed. (2012). "Historical Dictionary of Haiti". p. 78. ISBN 9780810878105. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Population totale de 18 ans et plus" (PDF) (in French). Institut Haitien de statistque et d'informatique (IHSI). March 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 

External links[edit]