Haiden of Hakone Jinja
|Dedicated to||Hakone Gongen|
|Address||80-1 Hakone-machi, Ashigarushimo District, Kanagawa|
|Glossary of Shinto|
The Hakone Shrine (箱根神社 Hakone Jinja?) is a Japanese Shinto shrine on the shores of Lake Ashi in the town of Hakone in the Ashigarashimo District of Kanagawa Prefecture. It is also known as the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現?).
The primary kami of Hakone Shrine are
According to shrine tradition, Hakone-jinja was founded in 757 during the reign of Emperor Kōshō. he original shrine was at the summit of Mount Komagatake[disambiguation needed].
The shrine was relocated to the shores of Lake Ashi; its current form dates to 1667. Credit for establishment is also given to Priest Mangan, for pacifying the nine-headed dragon that lived at the bottom of Lake Ashi. According to the Azuma Kagami, Minamoto no Yoritomo sought guidance and shelter from the kami at Hakone after his defeat in Battle of Ishibashiyama during the Genpei War. Upon becoming shogun, Yoritomo became a patron of the shrine.
The shrine was burned down by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the Battle of Odawara. It was reconstructed by Tokugawa Ieyasu and given a grant of 200 koku of revenue. The Tokugawa shogunate continued to support the shrine.
Hakone Shrine has a small museum, which displays a number of the shrine’s treasures. These include five items which are ranked as national Important Cultural Property.
The main festival of the shrine is held annually on August 1.
- Kotodamaya.com, "Hakone Jinja"; retrieved 2013-1-27.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hakone Gongen-jinja" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 279.
- The date of Hakone Shrine’s foundation is unknown, and although apparently very ancient, its name does not appear in any of the Rikkokushi official chronicles nor the Engishiki records.
- Giesen, Walter. (2012). Japan, p. 259.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 125.
Media related to Hakone-jinja at Wikimedia Commons
- 箱根神社 (Hakone jinja) website
- "Hakone Jinja Shrine" at Asahi-net.or.jp
- (Lake Ashi) website
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