Hakone Shrine

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Hakone Jinja
Hakonejinja -01.jpg
Haiden of Hakone Jinja
DeityHakone Gongen
Location80-1 Hakone-machi, Ashigarushimo District, Kanagawa
Hakone Shrine is located in Japan
Hakone Shrine
Shown within Japan
Geographic coordinates35°12′14″N 139°01′32″E / 35.20389°N 139.02556°E / 35.20389; 139.02556Coordinates: 35°12′14″N 139°01′32″E / 35.20389°N 139.02556°E / 35.20389; 139.02556
Date establishedNara period
Shinto torii icon vermillion.svg Glossary of Shinto
Torii of Hakone Shrine at Lake Ashi
Komainu in Hakone Shrine

The Hakone Shrine (箱根神社, Hakone Jinja) is a Japanese Shinto shrine on the shores of Lake Ashi in the town of Hakone in the Ashigarashimo District of Kanagawa Prefecture.[1] It is also known as the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現).[2]

Enshrined kami[edit]

The primary kami of Hakone Shrine are

They are known collectively as the Hakone Ōkami (箱根大神).[1]


According to shrine tradition, Hakone-jinja was founded in 757[2] during the reign of Emperor Kōshō.[3] The original shrine was at the summit of the Komagatake peak of Mount Hakone.[4]

The shrine was relocated to the shores of Lake Ashi; its current form dates to 1667.[5] Credit for establishment is also given to Priest Mangan, for pacifying the nine-headed dragon that lived at the bottom of Lake Ashi. According to the Azuma Kagami, Minamoto no Yoritomo sought guidance and shelter from the kami at Hakone after his defeat in Battle of Ishibashiyama during the Genpei War.[citation needed] Upon becoming shōgun, Yoritomo became a patron of the shrine.

In the Kamakura period, the shrine was popular with samurai.[1] This support continued through the Sengoku period.

The shrine was burned down by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the Battle of Odawara. It was reconstructed by Tokugawa Ieyasu and given a grant of 200 koku of revenue. The Tokugawa shogunate continued to support the shrine.[citation needed]

In the system of ranked Shinto shrines, Hakone was listed in 1875 among the 3rd class of nationally significant shrines or Kokuhei Shōsha (国幣小社).[6]

Cultural artifacts[edit]

Hakone Shrine has a small museum, which displays a number of the shrine's treasures. These include five items which are ranked as national Important Cultural Property.


The main festival of the shrine is held annually on August 1.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kotodamaya.com, "Hakone Jinja"; retrieved 2013-1-27.
  2. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hakone Gongen-jinja" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 279.
  3. ^ The date of Hakone Shrine’s foundation is unknown, and although apparently very ancient, its name does not appear in any of the Rikkokushi official chronicles nor the Engishiki records.
  4. ^ "御際神、由緒、例祭日" [Gods worshipped, origins, ceremony days] (in Japanese). Hakone Shrine. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  5. ^ Giesen, Walter. (2012). Japan, p. 259.
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 125.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hakone-jinja at Wikimedia Commons