Kumano Nachi Taisha
|Kumano Nachi Taisha (熊野那智大社)|
|Deity||Fusumi no kami (Izanami no mikoto) and others|
|Location||Nachikatsuura, Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan|
|Glossary of Shinto|
Kumano Nachi Taisha (熊野那智大社) is a Shinto shrine and part of the UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range of Japan. The Kumano Kodō route connects it to other sites under the same classification, which are primarily located in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. The four sites on the route, classified as pilgrimage destinations and World Heritage Sites, are: 1) Nachi Taisha; 2) Hongū Taisha; 3) Hayatama Taisha; 4) Koya-san.
Kumano Nachi Taisha is also one of the three sacred Kumano Sanzan shrines:
This classification is based mostly in Japanese history, as pilgrims would travel to all three sites to complete their pilgrimage.
Kumano Nachi Taisha is an example of Buddhist and Shinto syncretism (Shinbutsu shūgō) nestled in the Kii Mountains, near Kii Katsuura, Japan. Cedar forests surround the site. The Nachi Waterfall, worshiped at the Hiryū Shrine near Kumano Nachi Taisha, is believed to be inhabited by a kami called Hiryū Gongen. Also, there is a sacred tree at this site, the Sacred Camphor Tree, located between the Nachi Shrine (heiden) and Seigantoji temple. It is 850 years old and is said to have been planted by Taira-no-Shigemori (1138-1179). The straw rope (shimenawa) and paper flags show that this tree has been sanctified as a kami. The tree is alive with moss and ferns and other small plants growing on its ancient limbs. It is possible to enter the tree, where there is a small altar for making offerings.
Nachi-no-Hi Matsuri Fire Festival, performed on July 14, is the major festival of Kumano Nachi Taisha. It is a fire festival in which six-meter-high portable shrines symbolically representing the purification of the waterfall with the fires from oversized torches is laboriously carried by men dressed in white.
- Cali, Joseph. Shinto Shrines: A Guide to the Sacred Sites of Japan's Ancient Religion. — Honolulu, 2013. — pp. 253-256.
- Kamizaka, Jirō. "Hiryū Gongen" (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport - Kinki Regional Development Bureau. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- Juno, Cate Kodo. "Nachi Taisha-Sacred Camphor Tree". Sacred Japan. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "Kumano Nachi Taisha 熊野那智大社". Sacred Kumano. Tanabe City Kumano Tourism Bureau. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Tanabe City Kumano Tourism Bureau
- Description of the sites
- Nachi-Katsuura Town Tourism Association