Hanmer, Wales

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Hanmer
Hanmer sign.jpg
Hanmer Village sign
Hanmer is located in Wrexham
Hanmer
Hanmer
Hanmer shown within Wrexham
Population 665 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ455396
Community
  • Hanmer
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WHITCHURCH
Postcode district SY13
Dialling code 01948
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Wrexham
52°57′04″N 2°48′43″W / 52.951°N 2.812°W / 52.951; -2.812Coordinates: 52°57′04″N 2°48′43″W / 52.951°N 2.812°W / 52.951; -2.812

Hanmer is a village and a local government community, the lowest tier of local government, part of Wrexham County Borough in Wales. At the 2001 Census the population of the Hanmer community area, which includes Hanmer village itself, Horseman's Green, Halghton and Arowry along with a number of small hamlets, was recorded at 726,[2] reducing to 665 at the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

The village of Hanmer lies at the northern end of Hanmer Mere, part of the 'Shropshire lake district' of meres which was formed during the last ice-age. By the time of the Roman invasion (47 AD), the area was part of the lands occupied by the Cornovii, one of the tribes of ancient Britain who had their principal settlement at the Wrekin. It later became part of the Mercian region known as Wreocansaete. The name is thought to have either originally been "Handmere",[3] or "Hagenamere", taking its name from a Mercian lord.[4]

At the time of the Norman invasion the area was part of ancient Cheshire, within the Hundred of Duddeston,[5] and it later became the estate of (and gave its name to) the prominent Hanmer family, who were descended from Sir Thomas de Macclesfield, an officer of Edward I.[6] Sir Thomas settled in English Maelor (Welsh: Maelor Saesneg) and his family consolidated their possessions in the area through a series of marriages to heiresses of important Welsh families.

The oldest recorded reference to a church in Hanmer dates from 1110, though this building was destroyed in 1463 during the Wars of the Roses.[3] It was rebuilt in 1490, destroyed again by fire in 1889 along with many irreplaceable architectural features, and rebuilt between 1892 and 1936, when the chancel was finally reconstructed. It is dedicated to St Chad.

Until the reorganisation of Welsh local government on 1 April 1974, Hanmer was in the detached part of the historic county of Flintshire known as the Maelor Saesneg (English Maelor). Its local speech was recorded in depth in the Survey of English Dialects; Hanmer was the only site in North Wales to be included in the survey, so it was grouped together with the sites in Cheshire.

Important buildings[edit]

St Chad’s Church
Magpie Cottage
  • Haighton Hall - a grade I listed house [7]
  • Saint Chad's Church - a Grade II* listed building,[8] as are the churchyard gates and the churchyard cross.
  • Bettisfield Park - a grade II* listed country house.[9]
  • Hanmer War Memorial - grade II* listed.[10]
  • Magpie Cottage - grade II listed.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "2001 Census: Hanmer". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 October 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Hanmer, Flintshire, GENUKI
  4. ^ Hanmer, BBC North East Wales]
  5. ^ Palmer, J. "Open Domesday". University of Hull. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Hanmer family, Dictionary of Welsh Biography, National Library of Wales
  7. ^ "Halghton Hall, Hanmer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Church of St Chad, Hanmer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Bettisfield Park, including attached garden walls, Hanmer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Hanmer war memorial, Hanmer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Magpie Cottage, Hanmer". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Byron Rogers,The Man who went West: The Life of R. S Thomas. ( London: Aurum Press, 2006), pp. 120–122.

External links[edit]