Acrefair

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Acrefair
Llangollen Road in Acrefair (geograph 3861551).jpg
Llangollen Road in Acrefair
Acrefair is located in Wrexham
Acrefair
Acrefair
Acrefair shown within Wrexham
OS grid reference SJ272427
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WREXHAM
Postcode district LL14
Dialling code 01978
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Wrexham
52°58′37″N 3°05′02″W / 52.977°N 3.084°W / 52.977; -3.084Coordinates: 52°58′37″N 3°05′02″W / 52.977°N 3.084°W / 52.977; -3.084

Acrefair (Welsh pronunciation: [ˌakrɛˈvɑɪr]) is a village in the county borough of Wrexham, Wales. It was formerly part of the ancient parish of Ruabon, and is located between the towns of Wrexham and Llangollen. It is close to the villages of Trefor, Cefn Mawr, Ruabon and Plas Madoc. The name Acrefair originates from the Welsh word for acres - acrau, or acre in the local Welsh dialect - and Mair, the Welsh name for Mary. We therefore have Acre-Mair, which leads to Acre-fair, as there is a soft mutation on the second element of a composite word. The English meaning of Acrefair is Mary's Acres.

Parts of Acrefair have beautiful views across the River Dee and the Dee Valley.

Acrefair in 1794, Engraving Francis Jukes after Thomas Walmsley.

Acrefair has a newsagents, a petrol station, a post office, a chemist and two Chinese take-aways. It boasts many buildings built from "Ruabon Red brick", including several chapels which are now closed and converted.(citation)

Edward Lloyd Rowland established an ironworks here in c.1817. Following his bankruptcy in 1825 the works were bought by the British Iron Company. The company was re-formed in 1843 as the New British Iron Company and they continued to operate the works until its closure in 1887. The site was subsequently occupied by a succession of businesses, latterly Air Products, which produced air separation equipment for industry.[1] The site ceased to be a commercial venture in late 2009.[2]

Acrefair and Cefn Mawr were also home to the Monsanto Company chemical works, which had produced chemicals since before World War II. The site was the American company's first venture in Europe. Monsanto later operated the site as FlexSys, one of their subsidiaries, but production on this site ceased in 2010.

Coal, clay and iron were also worked in the area during its industrial period.

Acrefair railway station was formerly a station on the Ruabon to Barmouth line, it closed to passengers on Monday 18 January 1965 as part of the Beeching Axe. The Ruabon Brook Tramway passed through the village at street level, serving the Monsanto works and other local industry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ifor Edwards, 'The British Iron Company', Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions, 31 (1982), pp 109-48; 32 (1983), pp 98-124
  2. ^ "Air Products factory, Wrexham, closes for the last time". BBC News. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2010.