|Sir Harold Franklyn|
General Sir Harold Franklyn
|Born||28 November 1885|
|Died||31 March 1963(aged 77)|
|Commands held||1st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment
Sudan Defence Force
5th Infantry Division
British Troops in Northern Ireland
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
General Sir Harold Edmund Franklyn KCB DSO MC (28 November 1885 – 31 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the first World War and the Second World War, where he commanded the 5th Infantry Division during the Battle of France in May 1940.
Born the son of Lieutenant-General Sir William Edmund Franklyn and educated at Rugby School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Franklyn was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Green Howards in 1905. He served in the Great War in France and Belgium and took part in the Battle of Arras and Third Battle of Ypres.
He became Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment in 1930. He transferred to the Sudan Defence Force in 1933, initially as a General Staff Officer and then from 1935 as Commandant. He was appointed General Officer Commanding 5th Infantry Division in 1938 and continued in that role into the Second World War, leading his division at the Battle of Arras, part of the larger Battle of France. Although the battle failed to stop German progress, it influenced Gerd von Rundstedt to halt the German armour advancing on the Aa river on 24 May 1940. This allowed the French to establish defensive lines to the west of Dunkirk, permitting British and French forces to escape via the Channel port. He was appointed Commander of VIII Corps on the South coast of the United Kingdom in 1940, General Officer Commanding British Troops in Northern Ireland in 1941 and Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces in 1943 before he retired in 1945.
He was given the colonelcy of The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) from 1939 to 1949 and promoted full general on 23 July 1943.
In 1913 he married Monica Belfield; they had one daughter and one son.
- 21st Division 1914-18 - a divisional history
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- Harmon 1981, p. 101
- "Franklyn, Sir Harold Edmund". generals.dk. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
- Battles Nomenclature Committee (1956) The Official names of the Battles, Actions and Engagements fought by the Land Forces of the Commonwealth during the Second World War, 1939–1945: Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee as approved by the Army Council, London: HMSO, pp. 7–9
- Battles Nomenclature Committee (1958) The Official names of the Battles, Actions and Engagements fought by the Land Forces of the Commonwealth during the Australian Campaign in the South-west Pacific 1942–1945 and the New Zealand Campaign in the South Pacific 1942–1944 and the Korean Campaign 1950–1953: Final report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee as approved by the Army Council, London: HMSO, p. 5
- Harman, Nicholas. (1980) Dunkirk; the necessary myth. London: Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-24299-X
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harold Franklyn.|
|General Officer Commanding the 5th Division
|GOC, VIII Corps