Newbury, Berkshire

Coordinates: 51°24′04″N 1°19′23″W / 51.401°N 1.323°W / 51.401; -1.323
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Market town
Newbury clock tower at sunset in 2018
Newbury is located in Berkshire
Location within Berkshire
Area9.9 km2 (3.8 sq mi)
Population33,841 (2021 Census)[1]
• Density3,418/km2 (8,850/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU4767
• London60 mi (100 km)[2]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWBURY
Postcode districtRG14
Dialling code01635
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
51°24′04″N 1°19′23″W / 51.401°N 1.323°W / 51.401; -1.323

Newbury is a market town in the county of Berkshire, England, and is home to the administrative headquarters of West Berkshire Council. The town centres around a large market square retains a rare medieval Cloth Hall, an adjoining half timbered granary, and the 15th-century St Nicolas Church, along with 17th- and 18th-century listed buildings. As well as being home to Newbury Racecourse, it is the headquarters of Vodafone and software company Micro Focus International. In the valley of the River Kennet, 26 mi (42 km) south of Oxford, 25 mi (40 km) north of Winchester, 27 mi (43 km) southeast of Swindon and 20 mi (32 km) west of Reading.

Newbury lies on the edge of the Berkshire Downs; part of the North Wessex Downs Area of outstanding natural beauty, 3 mi (5 km) north of the Hampshire-Berkshire county boundary. In the suburban village of Donnington lies the part-ruined Donnington Castle and the surrounding hills are home to some of the country's most famous racehorse training grounds (centred on nearby Lambourn). To the south is a narrower range of hills including Walbury Hill and a few private landscape gardens and mansions, such as Highclere Castle. The local economy is inter-related to that of the eastern M4 corridor, which has most of its industrial, logistical and research businesses close to Newbury, mostly around Reading, Bracknell, Maidenhead and Slough. Together with the adjoining town of Thatcham, 3 mi (5 km) distant, Newbury forms the principal part of an urban area of approximately 70,000 people.[3]


Part of the facade of Camp Hopson of Newbury, dating from 1663 with classical brick pilasters, in 2014.
Donnington Castle
The pedestrianised Northbrook Street

There was a Mesolithic settlement at Newbury. Artefacts were recovered from the Greenham Dairy Farm in 1963, and the Faraday Road site in 2002.[4] Additional material was found in excavations along the route of the Newbury Bypass.[5] Newbury was founded late in the 11th century following the Norman conquest as a new borough, hence its name. Although there are references to the borough that predate the Domesday Book it is not mentioned by name in the survey. However, its existence within the manor of Ulvritone is evident from the massive rise in value of that manor at a time when most manors were worth less than in Saxon times. In 1086 the Domesday Book[6] assesses the borough as having land for 12 ploughs, 2 mills, woodland for 25 pigs, 11 villeins (resident farmhands, unfree peasant who owed his lord labour services), 11 bordars (unfree peasants with less land than villans/villeins), and 51 enclosures (private parks) rendering 70s 7d.

Doubt has been cast over the existence of Newbury Castle,[7] but the town did have royal connections and was visited a number of times by King John and Henry III while hunting in the area. The first reference to a bridge on the site of the current Newbury Bridge is an account of its reconstruction in the 14th Century. In 1312, King Edward II directed that its bridge should be kept in good order.[8] By 1623, when the bridge collapsed, it was recorded as being built of wood, being 30 feet (9 metres) in length and 20 ft (6 m) in width, and having shops on it. The bridge was presumably rebuilt, as it is recorded that in 1644 a guard was placed on the bridge.[9]

Historically, the town's economic foundation was the cloth trade. This is reflected in the person of the 16th-century cloth magnate, Jack of Newbury,[10] the proprietor of what may well have been the first factory in England, and the later tale of the Newbury Coat. The latter was the outcome of a bet as to whether a gentleman's suit could be produced by the end of the day from wool taken from a sheep's back at the beginning. The local legend was later immortalized in a humorous novel by Elizabethan writer Thomas Deloney. Newbury was the site of two battles during the English Civil War, the First Battle of Newbury[11] (at Wash Common) in 1643, and the Second Battle of Newbury[12] (at Speen) in 1644. The nearby Donnington Castle[13] was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle. The disruption of trade during the civil war, compounded by a collapse of the local cloth trade in the late 16th century, left Newbury impoverished.

The local economy was boosted in the 18th century by the rise of Bath as a popular destination for the wealthy escaping London's summer heat and associated stench. Newbury was roughly halfway between London and Bath and an obvious stopping point in the two-day journey. Soon Newbury, and the Speenhamland area in particular, was filled with coaching inns of ever increasing grandeur and size. One inn, the George & Pelican, was reputed to have stabling for 300 horses. A theatre was built to provide the travellers with entertainment featuring the major stars of the age. In 1795 local magistrates, meeting at the George and Pelican Inn in Speenhamland, introduced the Speenhamland System which tied parish poor relief (welfare payments) to the cost of bread.[14]

In 1723, the Kennet Navigation made the River Kennet navigable downstream from Newbury to the River Thames in Reading. Some 70 years later, in 1794, work started on the centre section of the Kennet and Avon Canal, which would extend the Kennet Navigation to Bath, thus providing a through water route between London and Bristol via Newbury. This route was finally completed in 1810.[9][15] The opening of the Great Western Railway from London to Bath in 1841 effectively killed the canal and coaching trades, and as the line passed some 25 kilometres (15+12 mi) to the north it brought no advantage to the town. Newbury had to wait until 1847 to join the railway network, with the opening of the Berks and Hants Railway branch line from Reading to Hungerford via Newbury, and until 1906 to be on a main line, with the opening of the Reading-Taunton line. As a result, Newbury became something of a backwater market town, with an economy based largely on agriculture and horse-racing. The last use of the stocks in Newbury, and probably the UK, was on 11 June 1872 when Mark Tuck was placed in them for 4 hours.[16] In the 1980s, British electronics firm Racal decided to locate their newly formed telecommunications company Racal Vodafone, later Vodafone UK, in the town. In the subsequent decades Newbury became something of a regional centre for the high-tech industries, and the town has since enjoyed a return to general economic prosperity.

Greenham Common[edit]

Greenham Common in the late 80s

A large Royal Air Force station was established during the Second World War at Greenham Common on the edge of the town. In the 1950s, it became home to US Air Force bombers and tankers, for which it was equipped with the longest military runway in the United Kingdom. In the 1980s, it became one of only two USAF bases in the UK equipped with ground-launched nuclear-armed cruise missiles, causing it to become the site of protests by up to 40,000 protesters and the establishment of the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp. With the end of the Cold War, the base was closed, the runway was broken up, much of it used as fill material in building the Newbury bypass, and the area was restored to heathland. This project then saw Greenham and Crookham commons reopened to the public in 2000.

1943 Bombing[edit]

On 10 February 1943, two German bombers, Dornier Do 217s from ll/KG40 Bomber unit in Holland, on a nuisance raid, followed the Great Western Railway line running west from London. One of the bombers headed towards Reading while the other followed the line all the way to Newbury. At 4:43pm the bomber dropped eight high-explosive bombs over the town. There had been no time for a warning siren. The Senior Council School, St. Bartholomew's Almshouses, St. John's Church (just the altar was left standing) and Southampton Terrace were all destroyed, and another 265 dwellings were damaged, many of which had to be demolished. St John's Church was completely rebuilt after the war. 15 people were killed and a further 41 people were injured, 25 seriously.[17]


Newbury Town Hall, completed in 1881
Arms of Newbury Town Council
CrestOn a Wreath Or and Azure a Castle of three Towers domed Gules flying from the centre tower a forked Pennant Argent charged with a Bar wavy Azure and from the exterior towers a Flag also Azure.
BlazonGules on a Fesse Argent between in chief a Teazle Flower between two Garbs and in base as many Swords in saltire points upwards Or a Bar wavy Azure.
MottoFloruit Floreat
Granted to the borough council on 24th June 1948.[18]

Newbury is the administrative centre of the district administered by the unitary authority of West Berkshire, which as of 2011 has a population of 153,822 (an approximately straight-line increase of 15,022 since 1991).[19] Newbury is also a civil parish, with parish council responsibilities undertaken by Newbury Town Council, based at Newbury Town Hall, since 1997. Newbury Town Council currently has 23 councillors, representing seven wards of the town, currently: Brummel Grove, Clay Hill, Falkland, Northcroft, Pyle Hill, Victoria and St Johns. In the 2023 United Kingdom local elections, the Liberal Democrats retained control of the Town Council, with 21 councillors elected, alongside 2 Green Party councillors.[20]

In the House of Commons, the town is in the Newbury constituency. Since the general election of December 2019 this constituency has been represented by Laura Farris, a Conservative. From 1999 to 2020 Newbury was part of the South East England European Parliament constituency electing MEPs by proportional representation. The twinning was held at The Corn Exchange, Newbury. Newbury is twinned with the following:


View of Newbury and surroundings from Donnington Castle

The Civil Parish of Newbury consists of the town and the suburbs of Wash Common, The City, West Fields, East Fields and Speenhamland. The modern conurbation of Newbury, however, with close bus and road links and almost contiguous development, may be taken to include the surrounding villages of Speen, Donnington, Shaw and Greenham.[22] Speen, which is now a suburb of western Newbury, is roughly equidistant between Bristol[23] and London.[24]

Elevations vary from a minimum of 72 m above mean sea level to 122 m at Wash Common. Elevations reach 150–200 m in the directly adjoining hills.[22] The River Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal flow east through the centre of the town to reach the Thames at Reading, while the River Lambourn (beside which is the country's largest horse-training paddocks in the Valley of the Lambourn Downs) partly forms its northern boundary, ending in the town. A tributary that is smaller still, the River Enborne, forms the southern boundary (and also the county boundary with Hampshire).

Adjoining the town's south-eastern border is Greenham Common and the famous Newbury Racecourse. Newbury is surrounded on three sides (north, west and south) by the North Wessex Downs. The downland to the south rises steeply out of the river valley providing scenic views, including Watership Down (made famous by the novel of the same name), Beacon Hill, the southeast's highest point Walbury Hill, and Combe Gibbet.


Newbury has two very narrowly buffered settlements, Thatcham (25,267 inh. as at 2011) and Shaw cum Donnington (1,686 inh. as at 2011) forming an identifiable, informal greater Newbury urban and suburban conglomeration. In major use classes 11% of Newbury's land is occupied by roads and as of 2005, 34% of its land was occupied by domestic gardens.

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[25]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km2 roads km2 water km2 domestic gardens Usual residents km2
Civil parish 3816 4549 2589 2464 133 1.146 0.189 3.430 41075 9.9


Part of the Vodafone Headquarters

Newbury and its immediate surroundings constitute the major commercial and retail centre of West Berkshire. The local economy is inter-related to that of the eastern M4 corridor which has most of its industrial, logistical and research businesses close to Newbury, Reading and Slough, with smaller industrial estates in the county at Theale, Bracknell and Maidenhead. Newbury is home to the United Kingdoms headquarters of the mobile network operator Vodafone, which is the town's largest employer with over 6,000 workers. Before moving to their £129 million headquarters in the outskirts of the town in 2002, Vodafone used 64 buildings spread across the town centre.[26]

As well as Vodafone, Newbury is also home to the United Kingdom headquarters of National Instruments, Micro Focus, Stryker Corporation, Cognito, EValue and Newbury Building Society. The pharmaceutical company Bayer AG are also headquartered in the town, although in October 2015 the company announced their intention to move to the Green Park Business Park near Reading.[27]


The Kennet and Avon Canal runs through the middle of Newbury

Newbury spans the River Kennet, the valley of which has for millennia formed an important east–west transport route, served by the Kennet and Avon Canal, and the Reading to Taunton Line, one of three routes from London to the West Country.

The Newbury Bypass near Donnington
The bridge next to the Lock Stock and Barrel pub
Cheap Street
Main Street in Newbury, view from the Bridge
Intersection between Northcroft Street, Northbrook Street and Bridge Street


Today, Newbury is served by two railway stations, Newbury and Newbury Racecourse, which both are on the Reading to Taunton line. It was also served by the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway until this closed in the 1960s.


Following a similar east–west route is the A4 road from London to Bristol, historically the main route west from London. This road has been superseded as a long-distance route by the M4 motorway which runs almost parallel and can be accessed three miles (five kilometres) to the north at the Chieveley interchange at Junction 13. At Newbury this east–west route is crossed by a dual-carriageway north–south trunk road, from the major south coast port of Southampton to the industrial centres of the Midlands. Although this route was once served by the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway, today it is only served by the A34 road, which now bypasses Newbury to the west on an alignment partially using the old rail route (see also 'Newbury Bypass' below).

Until the completion of the bypass, the A34 and A4 met in the town centre at the Robin Hood Roundabout, a complicated gyratory system encompassing 6 approaching roads, a fire station, ambulance station and an exit on the inside of the roundabout, which has a north–south flyover across the roundabout. In 2007, the sculpture Couple in Conversation was unveiled on the roundabout, providing a new landmark for one of the major gateways into the town. Other significant roads radiating from Newbury include the A339 which now includes the renumbered part of the old A34 through the town centre and then heads towards Basingstoke and the M3 motorway, the A343 to Andover, the B4000 to Lambourn, the B4494 to Wantage and the B4009 to Streatley.

Bus services[edit]

Most local bus services were provided by Newbury Buses, a division of Reading Buses until August 2011, when they were transferred to private companies. The Link and route 7 remain in private hands, operated by Stagecoach South, with West Berkshire Connect also operating some services.

Newbury bypass[edit]

The town's location at the intersection of the routes from London to Bristol and from Southampton to Birmingham made it, for many years, a transport bottleneck. In 1963 a dual carriageway was built east of the town centre to ease congestion and the opening of the M4 motorway in 1971 moved the intersection of these major trunk routes three miles (five kilometres) north of the town, to Chieveley. The ring road around the town still suffered serious congestion and the Newbury bypass was proposed in 1981. The plans were approved in 1990. The road was built and finally opened in 1998. In August 2004, the improved A34-M4 junction was re-opened which allowed north–south traffic on the A34 to completely bypass the earlier roundabout at the M4. This junction continued to be improved, with new road markings and traffic signals completed in 2008.


Newbury has three main secondary schools:

There is also Newbury College, a further and higher education college, funded by a private finance initiative, and Mary Hare School, a residential co-educational community special needs school for deaf pupils.

Independent schools nearby include:

Sports and leisure[edit]

The Berkshire Stand and The Grandstand at Newbury Racecourse
Newbury R.F.C. home ground

Newbury is home to one of England's major racecourses, Newbury Racecourse, which held its first race meeting in 1905.[28] The most prestigious race in the calendar is the Hennessy Gold Cup, which normally takes place in late November. The Racecourse also frequently plays host to a series of concerts on race days during the summer, which has included Olly Murs, Craig David, Tom Jones, Rick Astley and Madness in recent years.[29]

Northcroft Lido in Newbury's Northcroft Park is one of the last remaining lidos in the United Kingdom. It was originally built in the 1890s, although the current structure was erected in the 1930s. The pool is still in use today and received a major renovation in summer 2023.[30] It is owned and subsidised by West Berkshire Council but is managed by an external contractor, Parkwood Leisure.[31]

Newbury was home to A.F.C. Newbury, with their home ground situated at Faraday Road near the town centre, but the club collapsed after Vodafone pulled its sponsorship of the team in May 2006.[32] A local pub team from the Old London Apprentice took over the Faraday Road ground temporarily and rebranded itself as Newbury F.C. in 2007, which has played in the Hellenic Football League since 2008. The team were forced to leave their home ground at Faraday Road in 2018, with the site remaining derelict since and the team playing in a number of temporary venues, including in nearby Lambourn. However, work began in May 2023 to restore the football ground at Faraday Road following the election of a new Liberal Democrat-run local council.[33]

Newbury's rugby union club Newbury R.F.C., founded in 1928, has been based at a purpose-built ground at Monks Lane since 1996.[34] The town has two cricket teams, including Newbury Cricket Club, founded in 1822 and playing at Northcroft Playing Fields,[35] and Falkland Cricket Club, which in May 2023 hosted the first ever professional cricket match in West Berkshire with a match between the Southern Vipers and South East Stars in the Charlotte Edwards Cup.[36]

Newbury has two athletics clubs, Team Kennet and Newbury Athletics Club, which train at the Crookham Common Athletics Track.[37] The town is also home to numerous golf courses. The most notable is situated at the historic Donnington Grove estate, built in 1763 and where a golf course was opened in 1993.[38]

Victoria Park is the town's main park, located near the centre of the town, and includes tennis courts, a boating pond, adventure golf course, skatepark and bowling green.[39] The park is frequently used for local events throughout the year, such as the Newbury Waterways Festival in July.[40] Between 2004 and 2011, the Park's bandstand played host to the Keep Off The Grass (KOTG) dance music event.[41] Until 2018, it was also the finish line of the Crafty Craft, an improvised raft race along the canal.[42]

The Corn Exchange

Newbury's arts scene is primarily centred around the Corn Exchange, a 400-seat auditorium situated in the Market Place which provides a venue for both professional and amateur live performances as well as hosting an independent cinema.[43] English rock band The Who performed at the Corn Exchange in 1966.[44] The Watermill Theatre, a 220-seat theatre, is located just outside Newbury in Bagnor,[45] and the former Greenham Common air force base is home to The Base, a dedicated arts centre which opened in 2019 in partnership with the Corn Exchange and Greenham Trust.[46]

Since 1979, the Newbury Spring Festival of classical music has brought internationally renowned soloists and ensembles to a variety of venues in and around the town. The Newbury Comedy Festival emerged as a major event in 2004 and played host to comedians such as Alan Carr and Jo Brand, but ended in 2012.

Newbury Showground, located to the north of the town centre in Hermitage, is also a major local events venue. Most notably, it hosts the annual Newbury Show every September, an agricultural and farming show which attracts over 50,000 visitors and which returned in 2023 after a 3-year hiatus.[47]


Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC South and ITV Meridian from the Hannington TV transmitter.

There are four main local radio stations broadcasting in the Newbury area; BBC Radio Berkshire; a community radio station, Kennet Radio; and two Independent Local Radio stations – Greatest Hits Radio Berkshire & North Hampshire (formerly 'Newbury Sound', 'Kick FM', 'Kestrel FM' and 'The Breeze') which broadcasts from Newbury, and Heart South (formerly 2-Ten FM) which broadcasts into the area from nearby Reading. The following local newspapers are distributed in Newbury (circulation):[48]

  • Newbury Weekly News (Part of Newbury Weekly News, advertising-funded free paper) (33,400)
  • Newbury & Thatcham Chronicle (21,500)
  • Newbury Weekly News (24,300)

Places of interest[edit]

St Nicolas' Church

Notable people[edit]

Richard Adams
Francis Baily

A number of notable people have originated from, worked, lived or died in Newbury:

Nobles killed at the First Battle of Newbury

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Newbury". City population. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Grid Reference Finder". Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  3. ^ "United Kingdom: Urban Areas in England - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". Archived from the original on 6 June 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  4. ^ "An Early Mesolithic Seasonal Hunting Site in the Kennet Valley, Southern England" by C.J. Ellis, Michael J. Allen, Julie Gardiner, Phil Harding, Claire Ingrem, Adrienne Powell & Robert G. Scaife Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 69: (2003)
  5. ^ Birbeck, Vaughan (2000) Archaeological Investigations on the A34 Newbury Bypass, Berkshire/Hampshire, 1991-7 Trust for Wessex Archaeology Ltd., ISBN 1-874350-34-5 ;
  6. ^ "Newbury recorded in the Domesday Book". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Newbury Castle". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  8. ^ Maxwell Lyte, H.C. "Close Rolls, Edward II: November 1312 Pages 556-559 Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II: Volume 1, 1307-1313. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1892". British History Online. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Newbury Bridge". Newbury History. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Jack of Newbury (1489-1557)". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  11. ^ "First Battle of Newbury 1643". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Second Battle of Newbury 1644". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Donnington Castle". Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  14. ^ "The Bread Riot at Newbury during 1766". Archived from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  15. ^ Russell, John (1997). The Kennet & Avon Canal: A journey from Newbury to Bath in 1964. Bath, UK: Millstream Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-948975-46-2.
  16. ^ "Revival of the stocks". London Evening Standard. London. 13 June 1872.
  17. ^ "The day Newbury was bombed in 1943". Archived from the original on 22 February 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  18. ^ "NEWBURY TOWN COUNCIL (BERKSHIRE)". Robert Young. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  19. ^ "2011 Census (Excel)". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  20. ^ "Election results by party, 4 May 2023". 4 May 2023. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  21. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  22. ^ a b "OS Maps - online and App mapping system - Ordnance Survey Shop". Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  23. ^ "Distance between Berkshire, Speen, United Kingdom and Bristol (UK)". Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Distance between Berkshire, Speen, United Kingdom and London, United Kingdom (UK)". Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". Archived from the original on 11 February 2003. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  26. ^ "How Vodafone moved to a mobile environment". 24 September 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
  27. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Bayer to leave Newbury". Archived from the original on 24 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  28. ^ Ltd, Indzine. "About The Racecourse". Newbury Racecourse. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  29. ^ "Newbury Racecourse, Newbury, England Concert Setlists |". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  30. ^ "Northcroft Lido". West Berkshire Council. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  31. ^ "Leisure and Sports Centres in United Kingdom | Swimming | Health & Fitness| Tennis | Gym | Dance | Squash | Aerobics". Archived from the original on 1 September 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  32. ^ "Vodafone ends AFC Newbury deal". Newbury Weekly News. 23 May 2006. Archived from the original on 3 December 2007.
  33. ^ "Football to return to Faraday Road". Newbury Today. 24 May 2023. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  34. ^ "Rugby at its best" (PDF). Newbury Weekly News Advertiser. October 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009.
  35. ^ "Newbury CC". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  36. ^ "Landmark moment as professional cricket comes to Falkland". Newbury Today. 25 May 2023. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  37. ^ "Crookham Common Athletics Track – Team Kennet". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  38. ^ "The History of Donnington Grove Hotel | Hotel in Newbury". Donnington Grove. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  39. ^ "Victoria Park, Newbury". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  40. ^ "All aboard for Waterways festival". Newbury Today. 8 July 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  41. ^ "Victoria Park, Newbury". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  42. ^ "Newbury Crafty Craft is seeking a new organiser for 2022 onwards! - Visit Newbury". 7 December 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  43. ^ "About us". Corn Exchange Newbury. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  44. ^ "The Who Setlist at Corn Exchange, Newbury". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  45. ^ "The Watermill Theatre - About Us". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  46. ^ "About us". The Base Greenham. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  47. ^ "The Who Setlist at Corn Exchange, Newbury". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  48. ^ "Home - ABC - Audit Bureau of Circulations". Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  49. ^ "The Lower Raymond Almshouses, Newtown Road, Newbury". One Photograph a Day. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  50. ^ "Newbottle - Newcastle-upon-Tyne Pages 379-389 A Topographical Dictionary of England. Originally published by S Lewis, London, 1848". British History Online. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  51. ^ McFarren, Robert (27 December 2016). "Richard Adams, Whose Novel 'Watership Down' Became a Phenomenon, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  52. ^ "Will of Hannah Aldworth, Widow of Newbury , Berkshire". National Archives. 6 June 1778. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  53. ^ "Roger Attfield Hall of Fame Inductee, 1999". Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 26 July 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  54. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2007). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. p. 8. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-30400-7_99. ISBN 978-0-387-30400-7. Archived from the original on 2 June 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  55. ^ Barker, Collet; Mulvaney, John; Green, Neville (1992). Commandant of Solitude: The Journals of Captain Collet Barker, 1828-1831. Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0522844723. OCLC 609414919. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  56. ^ Gates, Anita (28 June 2017). "Michael Bond, Paddington Bear Creator, Is Dead at 91". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  57. ^ Carroll, Sue (26 August 2000). "EXCLUSIVE: BRUNO BROOKES ON HOW HIS LIFE HAS MOVED ON". Daily Mirror. The Free Library. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  58. ^ Herring, John (19 June 2020). "Former Archbishop of Canterbury has permission to preach revoked". Newbury Weekly News. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  59. ^ Chaney, Lawrence (2021). "Becoming Lawrence Chaney". Lawrence (Drag) Queen of Scots: The Dos and Don'ts of a Drag Superstar. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4735-9811-9.
  60. ^ Coveney, Michael (14 April 2009). "Obituary: Simon Channing Williams". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021. He also ran two pubs in Newbury, Berkshire, the Five Bells and the Carpenter's Arms
  61. ^ Booth, Charlotte (11 December 2017). "Keith Chegwin dies aged 60". Newbury Weekly News. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  62. ^ "GEORGE DANGERFIELD, HISTORIAN". The New York Times. 6 January 1987. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012.
  63. ^ Faulks, Sebastian. "About Sebastian Faulks". Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.[self-published source]
  64. ^ Debrett's People of Today 2005 (18th ed.). Debrett's. 2005. p. 534. ISBN 1-870520-10-6.[verification needed]
  65. ^ "Gerald Finzi – Composer". Aldbourne Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  66. ^ "Jill Fraser". The Telegraph. 16 February 2006. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  67. ^ Clow, Ross (29 June 2012). "William Henry Gore (1857 - 1942)". Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  68. ^ "Business giant Lord Hanson dies". BBC News. 2 November 2004. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  69. ^ Beckett, Andy (23 October 2011). "Newbury: what the battle is all about". The Independent. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2021. Sir Michael Hordern was a [Bagnor, Newbury] resident
  70. ^ "Luke Humphries". Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  71. ^ "Rev. Edwin Lewis". Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  72. ^ Prior, Neil; Burrows, John (12 May 2019). "William Marshal: A combination of 'Muhammad Ali and Kissinger'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2021. In 1152, when William was just six, Stephen besieged Newbury Castle and took William hostage until his father agreed to surrender.
  73. ^ Berkshire Record Office (1866), Catalogue of Coroners' Records, Newbury County Division, Kew: The National Archives
  74. ^ Pollard, Albert; Kerridge, Eric (23 September 2004). "Winchcombe, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29712. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  75. ^ "John Septimus Roe". All Saints College. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  76. ^ Assael, Brenda (September 2004). "Sanger, George (1825?–1911)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 1 (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35940. Retrieved 22 June 2010. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  77. ^ Cartwright, M. L. (1964). "Edward Charles Titchmarsh 1899-1963". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 10: 305–326. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1964.0018.
  78. ^ Fricker, Martin (9 May 2006). "Theo Lions on His Shirt". Daily Mirror. London. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  79. ^ Lawrence, Linora (9 October 2008). "Formula for success". Oxford Mail. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2021. By 1986 Frank had moved to his present home, a small mansion near Newbury
  80. ^ Roy, Ian (28 September 2006). "Dormer, Robert, first earl of Carnarvon (1610?–1643)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7839. Retrieved 31 August 2021. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  81. ^ G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/1, pages 161, 483 and 484.
  82. ^ Smith, David (29 May 2014). "Cary, Lucius, second Viscount Falkland (1609/10–1643)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4841. Retrieved 31 August 2021.


  • Higgott Tony (2001). The Story of Newbury. Countryside Books.
  • Money, Walter (1887). History of Newbury. Oxford.

External links[edit]