|Arthur Hermann Florstedt|
18 February 1895|
Bitsch, German Empire
|Died||15 April 1945
Buchenwald camp, Germany
|Years of service||1931-1945|
|Commands held||Majdanek concentration camp|
Arthur Hermann Florstedt (18 February 1895 – 15 April 1945), NSDAP card number 488 573 (the SS: 8660), was a Nazi German war criminal and convicted war profiteer. He became the third Commandant of Majdanek concentration camp in October 1942. A World War I veteran, Florstedt was awarded the Iron Cross by Nazi Germany which didn't prevent him from being executed by the SS in 1945.
World War II
Born in Bitche, Lorraine near the German border, Florstedt had served first during World War II at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp from 1940 till 1942. He was brought to Majdanek extermination camp to replace SS-Sturmbannführer Max Koegel. Notably, Florstedt was one of two Majdanek commandants put on trial by the SS themselves in the course of the camp operation. He was charged with wholesale stealing from the Third Reich to become rich, partly because of what the camp was initially, merely a storage depot for gold, money and furs stolen from trainloads of Holocaust victims at death factories of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka (see Majdanek Trials). Hermann Florstedt, the third chief of Majdanek (from October 1942 on) was executed by the SS on 15 April 1945.
He was replaced by the interim commander Martin Gottfried Weiss, after the SS charged him with embezzlement and arbitrarily killing of prisoner witnesses – having been investigated by SS Judge Georg Konrad Morgen. He was executed by the SS. Florstedt was alleged to have had an affair with Oberaufseherin Ilse Koch.
Hermann Florstedt was given the ranks of SS Untersturmführer on 9 November 1933; Hauptsturmführer on 1 April 1934; Sturmbannführer on 9 June 1934; Obersturmbannführer on 20 April 1935 and Standartenführer on 20 April 1938, a year before the invasion of Poland.
- Staff Writer (2006). "Lublin/Majdanek Concentration Camp: Overview". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. ushmm.org. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Procesy zbrodniarzy (Trials of war criminals) 1946–1948". Wykaz sądzonych członków załogi KL Lublin/Majdanek. KL Lublin. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "Konrad Morgen". Investigating corruption within the SS. Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
SS-Sturmbannführer Max Koegel
|Commandant of Majdanek concentration camp
November 1942 – October 1943
SS-Obersturmbannführer Martin Gottfried Weiss