Herne, Kent

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Herne
Herne windmill.jpg
Herne Windmill
Herne is located in Kent
Herne
Herne
Herne shown within Kent
Population 7,325 (2001)[1] (parish)
OS grid reference TR181658
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HERNE BAY
Postcode district CT6
Dialling code 01227
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°20′57″N 1°07′59″E / 51.3492°N 1.1331°E / 51.3492; 1.1331Coordinates: 51°20′57″N 1°07′59″E / 51.3492°N 1.1331°E / 51.3492; 1.1331

Herne /hɜːrn/ is a village in South East England, divided by the Thanet Way from the seaside resort of Herne Bay. Administratively it is in the civil parish of Herne and Broomfield in Kent. Between Herne and Broomfield is the former hamlet of Hunters Forstal; Herne Common lies to the south.

The hamlet of Bullockstone is about one mile to the west.

Archaeological excavations inside St Martin's Church at Herne in 1976 indicated that the first church there was similar to the earliest, Anglo-Saxon examples in Kent, such as those at Rochester, Canterbury, Reculver and Lyminge, and consisted of only a nave and an apsidal chancel.[2][3] The historian Nicholas Brooks noted that the Domesday Monachorum of 1087 or soon after lists Herne as the location of a minster, which is recorded nowhere else.[3][4] Brooks speculated that this referred to the church excavated in 1976, and that it may have been founded in the 7th or 8th century, but perhaps as late as the 11th century.[3] However, he regarded it as "perhaps most likely that the foundation of a [minster] at Herne should be attributed to the tenth century when attempts were being made to recover from the devastation of the Viking incursions."[3] A church at Herne is recorded as having been a chapelry belonging to St Mary's Church, Reculver, until 1310, when it became a parish church.[5]

In the 15th century Matthew Phillip, of a family based at nearby Greenhill, became a goldsmith in London, rising to become warden of the goldsmiths' guild there, and was Lord Mayor of London from 1463 to 1464.[6][7] He also owned Hawe Manor, a little under half a mile (733 m) north-east of Herne.[8] His second wife Christina was probably buried in a chapel dedicated to St John the Baptist, on the north side of the church, where a monumental brass was placed in her memory, dated 1470.[7] Hawe Manor was later home to John Fineux, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 1495 to 1526.[9][10] NIcholas Ridley was appointed vicar of Herne in 1538 by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, who frequently occupied nearby Ford Palace, and collaborated with Ridley on the Forty-two articles of Religion; Ridley held the position until 1550.[11][12] A micropub, The Butchers Arms, opened in Herne in 2005.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Statistics Census 2001
  2. ^ Philp & Gough 1976.
  3. ^ a b c d Brooks 1984.
  4. ^ "Domesday Monachorum". Hull Domesday Project. n.d. Archived from the original on 5 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Gough 1992, pp. 91–2.
  6. ^ Noorthouck 1773, pp. 889–93.
  7. ^ a b Sparks 1984a, pp. 26–8.
  8. ^ Sparks 1984a, p. 28.
  9. ^ Sparks 1984b, p. 44.
  10. ^ Campbell 1849, pp. 158–9.
  11. ^ Duncombe 1784, pp. 107–8.
  12. ^ Gough 2001, p. 254.
  13. ^ "A local pub for local people: 'Micropubs' are catching on". The Independent. 17 February 2011. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Herne, Kent at Wikimedia Commons