Church of St Cosmus and St Damian
|Area||13.67 km2 (5.28 sq mi)|
|Population||5,589 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||409/km2 (1,060/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Blean is a village and civil parish in the Canterbury district of Kent, England. The large parish and the suburban developed village within it: the latter is scattered along the road between Canterbury and Whitstable, in the middle of the Forest of Blean and the parish is mostly woodland, much of which is ancient woodland. The civil parish was renamed from "St. Cosmus and St. Damian in the Blean" to "Blean" on the 1st of April 2019.
The name Blean is the dative form of the Old English word ‘blea’ which means rough ground. Therefore the name of the parish means "the church of Saints Cosmas and Damian (sic) in the rough ground."
In 1835, the Blean Union Workhouse, designed by William Edmunds, was built on four acres south of Herne Common. The design was based on Sir Francis Bond Head's Plan of a Rural Workhouse for 500 Persons, a publication of the Poor Law Commission. To keep costs down, no outside drains were added, and the building was windowless. Discipline was severe. A nine-year-old girl was once punished for a small offense by being forced to remain overnight in the mortuary with a corpse; however, the Master and Matron were dismissed as a result.
The village has a druid woodland sculpture park, noted for its large sleeping dragon. The east of the village has a hall and recreation ground used for sports.
The parish church is about half a mile from the village centre. It is dedicated to St Cosmus and St Damian and emphasising some kind of descriptor of the land itself, has always been suffixed 'in the Blean'. It is a 13th-century building and Grade II* listed, the second highest designation in the national grading scheme.
Veering towards the north of the village's main street is a pub; a post office is also in the village.
Blean's economy is closely tied to Canterbury and to a lesser extent, Whitstable. In television entertainment Smallfilms operates here the production company that created the animated series Ivor the Engine, Bagpuss and the Clangers, at Peter Firmin's barn on the Blean farm. The bay window of Firmin's house was featured in the opening sequence of Bagpuss.
HMS Blean was named after the village's Blean Beagles hunt.
Possible use in literature
According to Douglas Adams's humorous dictionary The Meaning of Liff (1983), a "blean" is a "Scientific measure of luminosity: 1 glimmer = 100,000 bleans. Usherettes' torches are designed to produce between 2.5 and 4 bleans, enabling them to assist you in falling downstairs, treading on people or putting your hand into a Neapolitan tub when reaching for change".
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- "Blean". Mapit. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "The Canterbury City Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) Order 2018" (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Hasted, Edward (1800). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. Institute of Historical Research. 9: 2–7. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- English, University of Nottingham - Institute of Name Studies School of. "Key to English Place-names". kepn.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- "Blean Parish Council".
- "Blean, Kent". The Workhouse: The Story of an Institution. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "Church of St Cosmus and St Damian, St Cosmus and St Damian in the Blean". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- Historic England. "Church of St Cosmus and St Damian (Grade II*) (1085522)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "Blean Forest Ward population 2011". Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "Bagpuss - See Emily Play". BBC. London. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
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