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Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mel Brooks|
|Produced by||Mel Brooks|
|Music by||John Morris|
|Edited by||John C. Howard|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$31.1 million|
High Anxiety is a 1977 American satirical comedy film produced and directed by Mel Brooks, who also plays the lead. This is Brooks' first film as a producer and first speaking lead role (his first lead role was in Silent Movie). Veteran Brooks ensemble members Harvey Korman, Cloris Leachman, and Madeline Kahn are also featured.
The film is a parody of suspense films, most obviously the films directed by Alfred Hitchcock: Spellbound, Vertigo and The Birds. The film was dedicated to Hitchcock, who worked with Brooks on the screenplay and later sent Brooks a priceless case of wine as a token of his appreciation.
Arriving at Los Angeles International Airport, Dr. Richard Thorndyke has several odd encounters (such as a flasher impersonating a police officer, and a passing bus with a full orchestra playing inside it). He is taken by his driver, Brophy, to the Psycho-Neurotic Institute for the Very, Very Nervous, where he has been hired as a replacement for Dr. Ashley, who died mysteriously. Brophy has a condition of nervousness, and he takes pictures when he gets nervous. Upon his arrival, Thorndyke is greeted by the staff, Dr. Charles Montague, Dr. Philip Wentworth, and Nurse Charlotte Diesel. When he goes to his room, a large rock is thrown through the window, with a message of welcome from the violent ward.
Thorndyke hears strange noises coming from Nurse Diesel's room and he and Brophy go to investigate. Diesel claims it was the TV, but it was actually a passionate session of BDSM with Dr. Montague. The next morning, Thorndyke is alerted by a light shining through his window. It is coming from the violent ward. Dr. Montague takes Thorndyke to the light's source, the room of patient Arthur Brisbane, who thinks he is a Cocker Spaniel.
Wentworth wants to leave the institute and argues with Diesel. After she lets him go, he drives home, but the car has been rigged to blast rock music loudly through the radio. Wentworth is trapped in his car, his ears hemorrhage, and he dies from a stroke, aggravated by the loud music.
Thorndyke and Brophy travel to San Francisco, where Thorndyke is to speak at a psychiatric convention. He checks into the Hyatt Regency San Francisco, where, much to his dismay, as he suffers from "high anxiety", is assigned a room on the top floor, due to a reservation change by "Mr. MacGuffin". He pesters the bellboy with repeated requests for a newspaper, wanting to look in the obituaries for information concerning Dr. Wentworth's demise. He then takes a shower, during which the bellboy comes and in a frenzy mimics stabbing Thorndyke with the paper while screaming "Here's your paper! Happy now?! Happy?" The paper's ink runs down the drain.
After his shower, Victoria Brisbane, the daughter of Arthur Brisbane, bursts through the door. She wants help in removing her father from the institute. She says that Nurse Diesel and Dr. Montague are exaggerating the illnesses of wealthy patients so the institute can milk rich families of millions of dollars. Thorndyke agrees to help after discovering that the patient he met was not the real Arthur Brisbane.
To stop Thorndyke, Diesel and Montague hire "Braces", the silver-braced man who organized Dr. Ashley's and Wentworth's murders, to impersonate Thorndyke and shoot a man in the lobby. Now with the police after him, Thorndyke must prove his innocence. After he is attacked by pigeons, he contacts Brophy, and realizes Brophy took a picture of the shooting. The real Thorndyke was in the elevator at the time, so he should be in the picture.
He requests Brophy to enlarge the picture. When he goes to call, "Braces" tries to strangle him; however, Thorndyke is able to kill him with a shard of glass from the phone booth. Brophy enlarges the photo, and Thorndyke is indeed visible in the picture. Nurse Diesel and Montague capture Brophy and take him to the North Wing. Thorndyke and Victoria head back to Los Angeles where they rescue Brophy and see Montague and Diesel taking the real Arthur Brisbane to a tower to kill him.
Due to Thorndyke's high anxiety he is prevented from climbing the tower's steep stairs and helping Brisbane. But with the help of Professor Lilloman, he overcomes his phobia. Thorndyke knocks Diesel's orderly out a tower window, saving Brisbane. Nurse Diesel leaps out from the shadows and attacks Thorndyke with a broom, but falls out the tower window. She falls to her death, laughing hysterically and riding the broom. Dr. Montague appears from the shadows and gives up before being accidentally knocked unconscious by a trapdoor being opened. Victoria is reunited with her father, gets married to Thorndyke, and they go on their honeymoon.
- Mel Brooks as Dr. Richard Harpo Thorndyke, the main character of the story. Throughout the movie, Thorndyke suffers from a neural disorder called "High Anxiety", a mix of acrophobia and vertigo, and tries to overcome the infliction.
- Madeline Kahn as Victoria Brisbane, the daughter of Arthur Brisbane. She teams up with Thorndyke to exonerate her father, who is believed to be insane.
- Cloris Leachman as Nurse Charlotte Diesel, the main antagonist of the story. She plans to institutionalize wealthy people, claim they are mentally ill, and extort millions of dollars from their families.
- Harvey Korman as Dr. Charles Montague, the supporting antagonist of the story. He shares a romantic relationship with Nurse Diesel.
- Ron Carey as Brophy, Thorndyke's driver who takes photographs when he is nervous.
- Dick Van Patten as Dr. Philip Wentworth, a doctor who wants nothing to do with the institute, and is killed by "Braces" because of this.
- Howard Morris as Professor Lilloman, a former tutor of Thorndyke who had diagnosed him with the disorder "High Anxiety".
- Albert Whitlock Arthur Brisbane, Victoria's father who is wrongfully institutionalized.
- Charlie Callas as "The Cocker Spaniel", a deranged patient who is believed to be Arthur Brisbane, and thinks that he is a Cocker spaniel.
- Rudy De Luca as "Braces", an assassin hired by Braces to murder Wentworth and Thorndyke. Though he succeeds in killing Wentworth, Thorndyke kills him during a murder attempt. "Braces" shares many similarities to Jaws, as they are both paid assassins with metal teeth.
- De Luca also worked as a writer on the film.
- Lee Delano as Norton, an orderly working for Diesel and Montague. He has half a mustache because one of the patients supposedly attacked him.
- Barry Levinson as Dennis, a nervous, tightly-wound bellhop who is pressured by Thorndyke into sending him a newspaper concerning Wentworth's death. He becomes so agitated that he "stabs" Thorndyke with the rolled-up newspaper while Thorndyke is showering. Dennis is based on Norman Bates, the killer in Psycho, and the scene where Dennis attacks Thorndyke is based on the iconic shower scene depicting a murder in a shower from Psycho.
- Levinson also worked as a writer on the film.
- Jack Riley as a desk clerk working at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco.
- Beatrice Colen as a maid working at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco.
- Ron Clark as Zachary Cartwright, a patient believed to be deranged.
- Clark also worked as a writer on the film.
High Anxiety was well received by the majority of critics and currently holds a 75% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes. At the 35th Golden Globe Awards, the film received nominations for Best Motion Picture - Musical/Comedy and Best Motion Picture Actor - Musical/Comedy for Mel Brooks.
- "High Anxiety (A)". British Board of Film Classification. January 26, 1978. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p258
- "High Anxiety, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Mel Brooks: 'I'm An EGOT; I Don't Need Any More'". NPR.org. 27 December 2013.
- "High Anxiety". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- Parish, James Robert (2008). It's Good to Be the King: The Seriously Funny Life of Mel Brooks. John Wiley & Sons. p. 221. ISBN 9780470225264.