I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles (sheet music cover).jpeg

"I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" is a popular American song which debuted in 1918 and was first published in 1919.

History[edit]

Creation[edit]

The music was written by John Kellette. The lyrics are credited to "Jaan Kenbrovin" — actually a collective pseudonym for the writers James Kendis, James Brockman and Nat Vincent, combining the first three letters of each lyricist's last name. The number was debuted in the Broadway musical The Passing Show of 1918, and it was introduced by Helen Carrington.[1]

The copyright to "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" was originally registered in 1919, and was owned by the Kendis-Brockman Music Co. Inc. This was transferred later that year to Jerome H. Remick & Co. of New York and Detroit. When the song was written, James Kendis, James Brockman, and Nat Vincent all had separate contracts with publishers, which led them to use the name Jaan Kenbrovin for credit on this song. James Kendis and James Brockman were partners in the Kendis-Brockman Music Company.

Becomes a hit[edit]

Sheet music cover featuring June Caprice

The waltz was a major Tin Pan Alley hit, and was performed and recorded by most major singers and bands of the late 1910s and early 1920s. The song was a hit for Ben Selvin's Novelty Orchestra in 1919. The Original Dixieland Jass Band recording of the number is an unusual early example of jazz in 3/4 time.

The writer Ring Lardner parodied the lyric during the Black Sox scandal of 1919, when he began to suspect that players on the Chicago White Sox (a United States-based baseball team) were deliberately losing the World Series to the Cincinnati Reds.[2] His version began: "I'm forever blowing ballgames."

The song also became a hit with the public in British music halls and theatres during the early 1920s. Dorothy Ward was especially renowned for making the song famous with her appearances at these venues. The song was also used by English comedian "Professor" Jimmy Edwards as his signature tune—played on the trombone. Harpo Marx would play the song on clarinet, which would then begin emitting bubbles. The melody is frequently quoted in animated cartoon sound tracks when bubbles are visible. The title air, or first line of the chorus, is quoted in the 1920s song "Singing in the Bathtub", also a popular standard in cartoon sound tracks, including being repeatedly sung by Tweety Bird.

The song features extensively in the 1931 prohibition gangster movie The Public Enemy starring James Cagney. It also was sung by a white bird in the Merrie Melodies cartoon I Love to Singa. The song is also sung in the 1951 film On Moonlight Bay starring Doris Day and Gordon MacRae, which was the prequel to the 1953 film By the light of the silvery moon. A parody of the song was written and performed as "I'm Forever Blowing Bubble-Gum" by Spike Jones and his City Slickers. In Ken Russell's 1969 film Women in Love the song is featured in an unusual scene where two sisters, played by Glenda Jackson and Jennie Linden, wander away from a large picnic gathering and are confronted by a herd of cattle. In the early 1970s, The Bonzo Dog Band's stage show featured a robot that sang the title air while blowing bubbles. A solo guitar rendition is periodically featured within the action of Woody Allen's 1999 film Sweet And Lowdown.[3] Director Brad Mays paid homage to that scene in his 2008 film The Watermelon, in which actress Kiersten Morgan sings the song while dancing on a Malibu beach.[4]

Shriners International Connection[edit]

At the 1930 Shriners International Imperial Session (national convention) Imperial Potentate Freeland Kendrick Kendrick proposed a unified charitable mission for the Shriners fraternity by building an orthopedic hospital for children. The idea came to him after visiting every Shriners temple in the United Statesand seeing their individual charitable projects. While visiting Texas, he discovered the Scottish Rite Hospital for Crippled Children which primarily treated children suffering the devastating effects of Polio. He was shocked to learn that there were not enough hospitals specializing in care for children, especially those suffering from Polio.

When he made the proposal at the 1920 convention, many of the more conservative Shriners expressed doubts, both about the annual (two-dollar assessment), and the long term viability and responsibility of taking on such a mission. With the prospects of the plan being approved fading fast, Noble Forrest Adair (Yaarab Shriners, Atlanta) rose to speak.

“I was lying in bed yesterday morning, about four o’clock, and some poor fellow who had strayed from the rest of the band stood down there under the window for 25 minutes playing I’m Forever Blowing Bubbles.” Adair said that when he awoke later that morning he thought again of the wandering musician. “I wondered if there were not a deep significance in the tune that he was playing for Shriners… I’m Forever Blowing Bubbles.” Adair continued,“While we have spent money for songs and spent money for bands, it is time for the Shriners to spend money for humanity. I want to see this thing started. Let us get rid of all the technical objections. And if there is a Shriner in North America who objects to having paid the two dollars after he has seen the first crippled child helped, I will give him a check back for it myself.” Noble Adair settled himself back into his chair to the sound of thunderous applause. In that moment, the tide had turned. Although there were other speakers after him, a historic decision had already been made. The resolution was passed unanimously.

A committee was chosen to determine the site and personnel for the Shriners Hospital. After months of work, research and debate, the committee concluded that there should not be just one hospital, but a network of hospitals throughout North America.

This idea appealed to the Shriners, who liked to do things in a big and colorful way. When the committee brought the proposal to the 1921 Imperial Session in Des Moines, Iowa, it too was passed.[5][6]

West Ham connection[edit]

The song is better known in England as the club anthem of West Ham United, a London-based football club. It was adopted by West Ham's supporters in the late 1920s and is now one of the most recognisable club anthems in English football along with the similarly adopted "Keep Right on to the End of the Road", "You'll Never Walk Alone", "Blue Moon", "Blue Is the Colour", “On the Ball, City” and "Blaydon Races".

"I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" was introduced to the club by former manager Charlie Paynter in the late twenties. A player, Billy J. "Bubbles" Murray, who played for the local Park School had a resemblance to the boy in the "Bubbles" painting by Millais used in a Pears soap commercial of the time. Headmaster Cornelius Beal began singing the tune "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" with amended lyrics when Park players played well.[7]

Beal was a friend of Paynter, while Murray was a West Ham trialist and played football at schoolboy level with a number of West Ham players such as Jim Barrett. Through this contrivance of association the club's fans took it upon themselves to begin singing the popular music hall tune before home games, sometimes reinforced by the presence of a house band requested to play the refrain by Charlie Paynter.[7]

As a tribute to West Ham United, the punk rock band the Cockney Rejects covered the song in 1980. The song is also heard in the movie Green Street Hooligans and at the end of episode 6 of series 3 of Ashes to Ashes which took place in 1983 and featured the death of a West Ham United supporter.[citation needed]

In 2006 at the final match at Arsenal F.C.'s Highbury stadium, Arsenal supporters broke into song to celebrate West Ham's defeat of Tottenham which secured Arsenal's spot in the Champions League on the last day.[citation needed] Similarly, Blackburn Rovers were heard singing "Bubbles" in their dressing room after West Ham assisted them winning the Premier League in 1995 having held Manchester United to a 1–1 draw on the final day of the season, led by Tony Gale (an eleven-year West Ham veteran who had moved to Blackburn earlier in the season).[8]

On 16 May 1999, prior to a home game against Middlesbrough, 23,680 fans in the Boleyn Ground blew bubbles for a minute, setting a new world record.[9] At the London Olympic Stadium, on 27 July 2012, during the Opening Ceremony, "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" was used as part of the soundtrack to the event.[10]

On 1 September 2018, to mark the centennial of the song's original debut, Alex Mendham & His Orchestra, performed a special arrangement of "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" at the London Stadium. [11]

Ice hockey connection[edit]

In Norway, the song is known as the club anthem of Sparta Warriors, a Sarpsborg-based ice hockey club. The Norwegian version, rewritten and performed by Kai Robert Johansen, is titled "Blå Bobler" (Blue Bubbles).

Lyrics[edit]

The original lyrics (as per the first publication) [12]

Verse 1[edit]

I'm dreaming dreams,
I'm scheming schemes,
I'm building castles high.
They're born anew,
Their days are few,
Just like a sweet butterfly.
And as the daylight is dawning,
They come again in the morning.

Chorus[edit]

I'm forever blowing bubbles,
Pretty bubbles in the air,
They fly so high,
Nearly reach the sky,
Then like my dreams,
They fade and die.
Fortune's always hiding,
I've looked everywhere,
I'm forever blowing bubbles,
Pretty bubbles in the air.

Verse 2[edit]

When shadows creep,
When I'm asleep,
To lands of hope I stray.
Then at daybreak,
When I awake,
My bluebird flutters away.
Happiness new seemed so near me,
Happiness come forth and heal me.

Chorus[edit]

I'm forever blowing bubbles,
Pretty bubbles in the air.
They fly so high,
Nearly reach the sky,
Then like my dreams,
They fade and die.
Fortune's always hiding,
I've looked everywhere,
I'm forever blowing bubbles,
Pretty bubbles in the air.

Recordings[edit]

Recordings of the song include:

Singles chart success[edit]

"I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles"
I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles cover.jpg
Single by Cockney Rejects
B-side"West Side Boys"
Released1980
GenrePunk
Length3:32
LabelEMI Records (UK)
Songwriter(s)John Kellette, James Kendis, James Brockman, Nat Vincent
Producer(s)Chris Briggs
Cockney Rejects singles chronology
"The Greatest Cockney Rip Off"
(1980)
"I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles"
(1980)
"We Can Do Anything"
(1980)

Versions of the song have charted in the UK Singles Chart on two occasions, both coinciding with an FA Cup Final appearance by West Ham United. On 10 May 1975 a version recorded by the West Ham 1975 FA Cup Final squad entered the chart at number 31,[13] only staying in the top 40 for one week. For the 1980 FA Cup Final appearance the Cockney Rejects version of the song entered the charts at number 35 on 31 May 1980,[14] again only staying in the top 40 for the one week.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jasen, David A. (1988). Tin Pan Alley; the Composers the Songs the Performers and their Times. New York: Donald I. Fine. p. 183. ISBN 1556110995.
  2. ^ "Entry for Ring Lardner at the Baseball Library". Baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2011-08-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ Sweet and Lowdown (1999) – IMDb
  4. ^ "IMDbPro". Pro.imdb.com. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
  5. ^ {{cite web|title=Shriners International: A Historic Decsion|url=https://www.shrinersinternational.org/Shriners/Philanthropy/Decision%7Cpublisher=Shriners International|deadurl=no}
  6. ^ "Forrest Adair: I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles". Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ a b John Helliar. "The Story of Bubbles". West Ham United. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Sharratt, Ben (2010). Bring Me the Head of Trevor Brooking: Three Decades of East End Soap Opera ... Random House. ISBN 978-1845966614.
  9. ^ "World Bubble Records". Bubble Blowers Museum. Bubblin' Marilyn. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  10. ^ "West Ham United statement". West Ham United FC. Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ "West Ham-supporting bandleader Alex celebrates Bubbles' 100th birthday". West Ham United FC. Retrieved 1 September 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ http://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/sheetmusic/n/n01/n0119/
  13. ^ "UK Singles Chart 10th May 1975". Theofficialcharts.com. 1975-05-10. Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2011-08-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "UK Singles Chart 31st May 1980". Theofficialcharts.com. 1980-05-31. Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2011-08-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External links[edit]