West Ham United F.C. supporters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

West Ham United supporters
West Ham fans outside Upton Park
Banner for New York City fans of West Ham United
Banner for Hawaiian Hammers
International Supporters' banners

West Ham United F.C. supporters are the followers of the London-based West Ham United Football Club, who were founded as Thames Ironworks in 1895. There are 700,000 fans on the club's database and over 2,300,000 likes on Facebook.[1] The club's website is in the top ten most visited websites for English football clubs by people in the USA.[2] Their fans are also associated with a once-notorious hooligan element[3] and have long-standing rivalries with several other clubs, most notably Millwall.


West Ham have a larger than average number of male fans.[4]

West Ham is the only club in the borough of Newham and a majority of fans in the borough support West Ham.[1] Their home match average attendance over the last six seasons was in excess of 33,000 per season[5] and despite finishing in bottom place in the Premier League for the 2010-11 season, their home attendance averaged 33,426, eleventh highest of all Premier League clubs.[6] Traditionally West Ham fans are drawn from London (in particular East London), and the home counties, however there are fans clubs around the world notably in New York City,[7] Barcelona,[8] Tenerife,[9] Serbia,[10] Australia,[11] and Scandinavia which has over 800 members.[12]


In addition to the usual English football chants, West Ham fans sing I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles[13] The song is considered to be the clubs' anthem.[14] Songs and chants have also been created and sung for players, notably Paolo Di Canio,[15] Christian Dailly,[16] Bobby Zamora,[17] Frank Lampard[17] Pop Robson, Dimitri Payet and Luděk Mikloško[18]

Heroes and villains[edit]

Fans' Favourite, Julian Dicks

West Ham fans have identified several players over the years as being 'fans favourites', notably Paolo Di Canio,[19] Bobby Moore,[20] Julian Dicks[21] and Carlos Tevez.[22]

West Ham fans at White Hart Lane

West Ham fans have also displayed a zeal for abusing former players who are perceived to have abandoned the club, or performed some disservice. Famously Dimitri Payet as well as Paul Ince,[23] Frank Lampard,[24] Jermain Defoe,[25] Craig Bellamy[26] and Nigel Reo-Coker[27] have borne the brunt of verbal abuse and a hostile reception at Upton Park. However, players such as Joe Cole, Michael Carrick, Rio Ferdinand,[28] Bobby Zamora and Carlos Tévez[29] receive applause and even standing ovations in honour of their contributions for the club.


West Ham fans's longest-running and deepest rivalry is with Millwall fans[30] with both sets of supporters considering the other as their main rival.[31]

The rivalry between Millwall and West Ham has always been a fierce encounter, from the first meeting – a 'friendly' on 23 September 1897, which the newly formed Thames Ironworks (not yet known as West Ham) lost 2–0 – up until their most recent meeting in a Championship clash in February 2012.

International supporters in 2016

On 17 September 1906 in a Western League game, a particularly ferocious encounter saw one player hurled against a metal advertising board and others being stretchered off following heavy tackles. The East Ham Echo reported: "From the very first kick of the ball it was seen likely to be some trouble, but the storm burst when Dean and Jarvis came into collision (Millwall had two players sent off during the match). This aroused considerable excitement among the spectators. The crowds on the bank having caught the fever, free fights were plentiful."[32]

In 1926 the General Strike was observed by workers in the East End, who were mainly West Ham supporters, but the Millwall-supporting shipyard workers of the Isle of Dogs refused to lend their support, provoking mass outrage.

In 1972, a testimonial for Millwall defender Harry Cripps was marred by intense fighting between the two club's "firms", groups of hooligans intent on violence.

Millwall and West Ham United, separated by the River Thames, are just under 5 miles apart.[33]

Four years later, a Millwall supporter, Ian Pratt, died at New Cross station[34] after falling out of a train during a fight with West Ham fans. Leaflets were later distributed at Millwall's home matches bearing the words: "A West Ham fan must die to avenge him".[35]

During a League Cup game on 25 August 2009, violent clashes transpired between the two sets of supporters' outside Upton Park. Police estimated hundreds of fans were involved. Millwall supporter Alan Baker[36] was stabbed and left fighting for his life.[37][38] The pitch was invaded three times by West Ham supporters, causing play to be suspended.[39] The Football Association charged both clubs, investigated the aftermath and eventually fined West Ham £115,000. They were found to have failed to ensure their fans refrained from violent, threatening, obscene and provocative behaviour and from entering the field of play. Millwall were cleared of all charges.[40]

Violence among fans at matches between the two clubs can become so intense that there have been calls to never again allow games between the two in cup competitions and that any future league games be played behind closed doors.[41]

Matches against other London sides, such as Chelsea and Tottenham are also derbies and violence has occurred between fans although the rivalry is not as intense as that between West Ham and Millwall.[42][43]


The Boleyn public house on the corner of Green St and Barking Road

West Ham's ground lies near the junction of Green Street and the Barking Road in Newham. At the junction is the Boleyn public house, traditionally used by West Ham fans on match days. Visiting fans have been made unwelcome and violence has occurred in this area.[44] Due to its proximity to the ground and its use by West Ham fans, the pub has often been boarded-up before and after games with clubs who have a rivalry with West Ham.[45] West Ham fans also traditionally use The Queens public house on Green Street and near to Upton Park tube station, and it has been the scene of violence involving West Ham fans.[46] West Ham fans also use the Greengate, Wine Bar and Village pubs on Barking Road and the Duke of Edinburgh pub at the junction of Green Street and Plashet Grove.[47]


Starting in the late 1980s there have been many fanzines aimed at West Ham fans. These have included The Cockney Pride, The EastEnd Connection, The Loyal Supporter, UTD United, The Boleyn Scorcher, Never Mind the Boleyn, Forever Blowing Bubbles, Ultimate Truth, We Ate All the Pies, Fortunes Always Hiding, The Ultimate Dream, On a Mission From God, The Water in Majorca, On the Terraces and Over Land and Sea. Only the last of these is still in publication.[48]

Racism, violence and hooliganism[edit]

West Ham fans have a tradition of violence and hooliganism.[44] Their former ground, Upton Park, has also witnessed racism amongst fans and here football hooliganism originated amongst bovver boys in the 1960s.[49] Sympathisers of the National Front have handed out National Front leaflets outside Upton Park particularly following the launch of the National Front youth newspaper 'Bulldog' in 1977, and have successfully sold club memorabilia carrying 'NF' slogans and motifs.[50]

West Ham fan with tattoo
T-shirt with Mafia slogan

The origins of West Ham's links with organised football-related violence started in the 1960s with the establishment of The Mile End Mob (named after a particularly tough area of the East End of London).[49]

During the 1970s and 1980s (the main era for organised football-related violence) West Ham gained further notoriety for the levels of hooliganism in their fan base and antagonistic behaviour towards both their own and rival fans, and the police. During the 1970s in particular, rival groups of West Ham fans from neighbouring areas (most often groups from the districts of Barking & Dagenham) often fought each other at games.

In 1980 the club were forced to play their Cup Winners Cup game against Castilla behind closed doors to an empty ground after fans rioted at the away leg of the tie in the Bernabeu.[51] In 1985 five fans were stabbed on a cross-channel ferry to France after fighting involving fans of West Ham, Manchester United and Everton.[52] In 2006, twenty West Ham fans appeared in an Italian court following their arrest after fights with rival supporters in Sicily before and after West Ham's game against Palermo in the away leg of their 2006–07 UEFA Cup game. At the home leg fans had bought T-shirts bearing the slogan "The Mafia" – a reference to Sicily being the home of the Cosa Nostra. This was seen as antagonistic by Palermo fans. Six West Ham fans, six police officers and five locals suffered minor injuries in fighting in Sicily. Rival fans threw bottles and chairs in the city's Teatro Massimo district. 500 people were involved in the brawl and police officers were attacked. It took police in riot gear more than an hour to bring the violence under control. An eyewitness said, "West Ham fans behaved like animals, roaming the streets, bottles in hand searching for anyone to fight".[53] More than 2,500 West Ham fans travelled to Palermo for the game.[54]

Inter City Firm[edit]

Mainly active in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, West Ham fans formed the Inter City Firm ('ICF'), an English football hooligan firm associated with the club. They were one of the most feared hooligan 'firms'.[55] The name came from the use of InterCity trains for away games.[56] The ICF were one of the first "casuals", so called because they avoided police supervision by not wearing football-related clothing. Fans' violent activities were not confined to local derbies – the hooligans were content to cause trouble at any game, though nearby teams often bore the brunt. During the 1990s, and to the present day, sophisticated surveillance and policing, coupled with club-supported promotions and community action, have reduced the level of violence, although the rivalry with Millwall, Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea remains.

Protest and pitch invasion[edit]

West Ham fans have taken part in pitch invasions and protests against the club's board of directors and their perceived financial mismanagement, after poor performances on the pitch or to show disapproval at the sale or purchase of players such as Lee Bowyer.[57][58][59] Other notable pitch invasions took place in the 1990s against West Ham's launch of The Hammer's Bond, a debenture which would have forced fans into the purchase of a bond before they could buy a season ticket.[58] In 1992 a post-match demonstration by fans against the scheme and new managing director, Peter Storrie, before a home game against Wimbledon was followed by pitch invasions in home games against Everton and Arsenal. The West Ham board of directors were influenced by the fans' protest and announced that the purchase of a bond would no longer be required in order to buy a season ticket.[60] Of 19,301 bonds originally available less than 1000 were sold.[61]

In modern culture[edit]

West Ham United is frequently mentioned among the locals at The Queen Victoria tavern in the BBC soap opera EastEnders, created by Tony Holland and Julia Smith. The show is set in the London Borough of Walford, which is a mix of East End cities Walthamstow and Stratford. The soap opera focuses on characters moving in and out of the borough, as well as coining the matter of family values. EastEnders has maintained an avid following, least of all with the charismatic Fowler family.

The 2005 film Green Street Hooligans (an allusion to the road on which the Boleyn Ground stands) depicted an American student, played by Elijah Wood, becoming involved with a fictional firm associated with West Ham, with an emphasis on the rivalry with Millwall.[62][63] Although they originally allowed filming inside West Ham's ground, the directors of West Ham withdrew their permission once they became aware of the violent content of the film.[63]

West Ham hooliganism was again highlighted in the 2008 film Cass, based on the life of well-known former hooligan Cass Pennant.[64]

Olympic Stadium[edit]

Following the building of the Olympic Stadium in Stratford, London for the 2012 Summer Olympics West Ham United put forward proposals which would see the club leave their Boleyn Ground location and relocate to Stratford. On 22 March 2013, West Ham secured a 99-year lease deal, with the stadium planned to be used as their home ground from the 2016–2017 season.[65] West Ham United supporters backed these proposals with 85% in favour of a move in a poll conducted by YouGov, in May 2013.[66]

List of notable supporters[edit]

Below is a list of people who are known West Ham United supporters:



  1. ^ a b "West Ham: We'll provide lasting legacy for the whole country". www.thisislondon.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  2. ^ "Top 10 Most Visited English Soccer Club Websites By U.S. Visitors". www.epltalk.com. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  3. ^ Leonard, Tim (21 June 2008). "West Ham fans brawl with Columbus Crew as football hooliganism hits the US". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  4. ^ "National Fan Survey" (PDF). www.premierleague.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  5. ^ "English Clubs in the Past". www.european-football-statistics.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  6. ^ "Barclays Premier League Stats: Team Attendance - 2010-11". ESPN. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  7. ^ "New York City Hammers". http://smithfieldnyc.com/fan-clubs/west-ham-united/. Retrieved 25 November 2018. External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. ^ "Inici". www.barcelonahammersassociation.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  9. ^ "Tenerife Hammers". www.tenerifehammers.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  10. ^ "The Official West Ham United Fan Club Serbia". www.hammers-serbia.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  11. ^ "The Official Australian Hammers Supporters site". www.ozhammers.com. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  12. ^ "Fans welcome Denmark visit". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  13. ^ "The story of Bubbles". Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  14. ^ "Katy Perry records her own version of West Ham anthem 'I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles'". Daily Mirror. 7 December 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  15. ^ Dart, Tom (8 May 2003). "West Ham in final act". Times. London. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  16. ^ Brand, Russell (3 March 2007). "It is time to face facts - we are all doomed". Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  17. ^ a b "West Ham Songs". Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  18. ^ "Oi big boy!". Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  19. ^ "Paolo di Canio 'mulls West Ham move' as Grant gets vote of confidence". Metro. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  20. ^ "Bobby Moore". www.bobbymooreonli ne.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  21. ^ "Julian Dicks fancies the West Ham job". Daily Mirror. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  22. ^ "West Ham 1 - 1 Man City". BBC Sport. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  23. ^ Graham Slater (4 October 2004). "Fans refuse to forg ive 'Judas' Ince". Daily Telegraph.
  24. ^ "JT: Hammers abuse of Lampard went too far". 26 April 2009.
  25. ^ Winter, Henry (5 March 2007). "West Ham stunned by Stalteri strike". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  26. ^ "Hammers brush Fulham aside". Sydney Morning Herald. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Reo-Coker: West Ham fans didn't want me at the club". The Daily Mail. London. 10 May 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  28. ^ Wright, Duncan (22 April 2001). "Football: RIO'S GRAND; Hammers fans cheer Leeds goal hero Ferdinand". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  29. ^ Smith, Alan (5 May 2008). "Carlos Tevez has West Ham fans applauding". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  30. ^ Brown, Oliver (28 August 2009). "West Ham v Millwall: a history of how the rivalry started". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  31. ^ "Football Rivalries census" (PDF). Football Fans Census. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  32. ^ Dunning. p. 68. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "Find Your Nearest". HopewiserBBC Sport. Retrieved 2011-06-02.
  34. ^ Irvine, Chris (25 August 2009). "Violence erupts at West Ham v Millwall match". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
  35. ^ Green, Chris (27 August 2009). "A rivalry that dates back to the heyday of British shipbuilding - News & Comment, Football". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
  36. ^ Calvin. p. 1. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ Calvin. p. 10. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Appeal re stabbing at football match". Metropolitan Police. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
  39. ^ "Violence erupts at London derby". BBC News. 25 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  40. ^ "West Ham fined £115,000 over violence against Millwall". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  41. ^ "West Ham and Millwall should never play again, says Harry Redknapp". London: Telegraph. 27 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
  42. ^ "Arrests over football violence". BBC News. 30 October 2003. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  43. ^ "FA TO PROBE CUP TIE VIOLENCE". Sporting Life. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  44. ^ a b "West Ham United Football Club". BBC. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  45. ^ Lewis, Darren. "West Ham v Millwall violence was worst I have ever seen, but it is wrong to say the bad old days are back". www.mirrorfootball.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  46. ^ France, Anthony; Alex West (27 August 2009). "Worse than the '70s". The Sun. London. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  47. ^ "West Ham United FC Boleyn Ground". www.footballgroundguide.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  48. ^ Northcutt, John (2007). The Claret and Blue book of West Ham United. Cromwell Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-905411-02-3.
  49. ^ a b Pennant, Cass (2002). Want Some Aggro?. London: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 14. ISBN 1-904034-57-8.
  50. ^ "Fact Sheet 6: Racism and Football". University of Leicester. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  51. ^ "West Ham facing ground closure after Millwall riots". www.mirrorfootball.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  52. ^ Jones, Neil. "Football Violence & Top 10 Worst Football Riots". Soccerlens.com. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  53. ^ Ingle, Sean (28 September 2006). "West Ham fans arrested after violence in Palermo". Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  54. ^ "West Ham fans in Italian court". www.thisislondon.co.uk. September 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  55. ^ Nowochin, Mel. "Casuals". www.theargus.co.uk. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  56. ^ Haley, A.J. (2001). "British Soccer Superhooligans, Emergence and Establishment: 1982-2000". The Sport Journal. United States Sports Academy. 4. Archived from the original on 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  57. ^ Brodkin, Jon (11 January 2003). "Fans unite to protest against new recruit and racism". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  58. ^ a b Pierson, Mark (27 January 1997). "Football: West Ham fear FA censure over pitch invasion". London: Independent. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  59. ^ May, John (3 December 2002). "Who IS Terence Brown?". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  60. ^ Kirk, Blows; Tong Hogg (2000). The Essential History of West Ham United. Swindon: Headline Book publishing. pp. 197, 198. ISBN 0-7472-7036-8.
  61. ^ Kirkby, Darren. "Peter Storrie". www.wsc.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  62. ^ Keogh, Francis (26 August 2005). "Hammer blow". BBC Sport. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  63. ^ a b "Green Street Hooligans (2005)Trivia". IMDB. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
  64. ^ "The Film". CASS - The Official Site. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  65. ^ GMT (6 March 2013). "BBC Sport - Olympic Stadium: Barry Hearn calls for judicial review". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  66. ^ "West Ham: 85% of fans support Olympic Stadium move in club poll". BBC Sport. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  67. ^ "West Ham fan Russell Brand finally wears the right colour socks (but it's a red card for the black hotpants)". London: www.dailymail.co.uk. 17 December 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  68. ^ Lamont, Tom (3 May 2009). "Ray Winstone Hollywood's most famous Hammer on his teenage boxing bouts and why Frank Leboeuf is a 'funny old geezer'". London: www.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  69. ^ "Ray up for End of Season awards". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  70. ^ "Kriss Akabusi MBE". www.motivationalspeakers4u.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  71. ^ a b "The Queen's a West Ham fan". www.mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  72. ^ Hodges, Vicki (28 January 2008). "Up the Irons - Barack Obama is West Ham fan". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  73. ^ Campbell, Dennis (2 September 2001). "Todd Carty on West Ham United". Observer. London.
  74. ^ "Perry Fenwick Plays Billy Mitchell". Archived from the original on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  75. ^ "Get with the Programme". Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  76. ^ "A heavyweight Hammer". 12 May 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  77. ^ Fraser, Alan (17 May 2010). "Kevin Mitchell's big fight is at home as promoter Frank Warren blasts Brit for poor preparation". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  78. ^ "Lennox Lewis would make ring return to fight Wladimir Klitschko... for $100m". London 24. London. 10 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  79. ^ "Maiden win Soccer Six". 6 June 2005. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
  80. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
  81. ^ Solhekol, Kaveh (26 November 2005). "The 50 worst famous football fans". The Times. London. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
  82. ^ "Biography for Alfred Hitchcock". Retrieved 2011-06-23.
  83. ^ George, Colin (15 June 2011). "NUFC fans react to Kevin Nolan exit on Twitter". Sunday Sun. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  84. ^ Mendoza, Nadia (17 November 2011). "Pixie eyes up West Ham outfit". The Sun. London. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  85. ^ Osbourne, Simon (29 May 2010). "Tony Hayward: Right in the thick of it". Independent. London. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  86. ^ "The MH Psychology Test: Sebastian Faulks". Men's Health. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  87. ^ "Hammers fan preparing for Marathon challenge". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  88. ^ Clark, Pete (1 March 2001). "A whole new Match of the Day". This is London. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  89. ^ White, Clive (19 September 1998). "Football: The Sweeper". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
  90. ^ Miller, Andrew. "Gooch backs Essex Olympic stadium plan". www.espncricinfoc.om. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  91. ^ "The men behind the saga". BBC News. 26 January 2004. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  92. ^ May, Pete (2 April 2011). "Sally Gunnell: My family values". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  93. ^ "GMTV presenter Ben Shephard moves to Sky Sports". BBC News. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  94. ^ "Matt Lorenzo's Biography and Images". TVnewsroom. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  95. ^ "Cottee backs 'Big Sam'". www.whufc.com. 11 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  96. ^ "'Ammering on the door". BBC Sport. 9 May 2001. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  97. ^ "STEPHEN TIMMS MP Working hard for East Ham". www.stephentimms.org.uk. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  98. ^ "West Ham confirm interest in Olympic Stadium". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  99. ^ a b Christenson, Marcus (10 January 2010). "David Sullivan and David Gold complete takeover of West Ham United". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  100. ^ a b c d e f Lawford, Mark; Bellwood, Tom (15 July 2010). "Iron Mike shows his Posh side - Tyson is Peterborough's most famous fan but which star supports your team?". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  101. ^ Evans, Dave (9 May 2011). "West Ham relegation battle: 'It's the hope that kills you'!". Newham Recorder. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  102. ^ Taylor, Kathy. "Billy Murray". www.newhamstory.com. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  103. ^ "Nick Frost". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  104. ^ Mcleman, Neil (2 October 2009). "Fulham defender Paul Konchesky will have no problems celebrating if he scores against West Ham". Daily Mirror.
  105. ^ Johnston, William (7 January 2003). "Bowyer poised to join West Ham". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  106. ^ "Bobby Zamora at GFDB". www.gfdb.com. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  107. ^ "Liverpool new boy Jonjo Shelvey will be 'ideal replacement' for Steven Gerrard, says his former coach". www.goal.com. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  108. ^ Burt, Jason (4 January 2010). "Tony Fernandes poised to launch takeover bid for West Ham". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  109. ^ "March 'shows support for stadium'". BBC News. 28 September 2004. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  110. ^ "Jeremy in the spotlight". www.whufc.com. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  111. ^ Daubney, Martin (20 August 2007). "Matt Bourne to be a Hammer". The Sun. London. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
  112. ^ Hiscock, John (2 September 2005). "'Every girl is looking for her Mr Darcy'". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
  113. ^ "Cockney Rejects". BBC. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
  114. ^ "Biography for Elijah Wood". Retrieved 2011-07-03.
  115. ^ "West Ham 1 - 2 Aldershot". BBC Sport. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
  116. ^ "Former TOWIE babe Amy Childs shows her true (West Ham) colours". The Metro. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  117. ^ "David Croft". BBC London. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  118. ^ a b "Emma Forbes Twitter". Twitter. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  119. ^ "Michael Apted". la84foundation. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  120. ^ a b "Hammers fans ready for London 2012". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  121. ^ "Dizzee Rascal funny interview - talkSPORT magazine". YouTube. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  122. ^ "West-minster Ham United". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  123. ^ "Carlton Cole returns". www.whufc.com. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  124. ^ "Spurs' Jermain Defoe: West Ham fans call me a Judas but I still love that club". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  125. ^ "Rocket backs Hammers to lift-off". West Ham Official Website. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  126. ^ "There's only one Carlos Tevez". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  127. ^ "Louisa Johnson meets her Hammers heroes". www.whufc.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  128. ^ "Triple H is a Hammer". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  129. ^ "WWE star Seth Rollins reveals support for West Ham United". www.whufc.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  130. ^ "New Year's Honours: Schoolboy, 13, among youngest ever to receive a gong". Daily Telegraph. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  131. ^ "I am Seth Meyers, host of NBC's Late Night and the 66th Annual Primetime Emmys. Ask Me Anything!". Reddit.com. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  132. ^ "The Queen is a self-confessed Arsenal fan | Mail Online". Mailonsunday.co.uk. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
  133. ^ Hodges, Vicki (28 January 2008). "Up the Irons – Barack Obama is West Ham fan". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  134. ^ Hodges, Vicki (20 May 2006). "Last weekend: Ronnie O'Sullivan in London". The Guardian. London.

External links[edit]