II. DDR-Liga

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II. DDR Liga
The East German Bezirke
Founded1955
Folded1963
CountryEast Germany
Level on pyramidLevel 3
Promotion toDDR-Liga
Relegation toBezirksliga (15 regional leagues)
Last championsSG Dynamo Schwerin
BSG Motor Köpenick
BSG Stahl Lippendorf
BSG Stahl Riesa
BSG Stahl Eisleben
(1962–63)

The II. DDR-Liga (English:2nd East German League or 2nd GDR-League) was, from 1955 to 1963, the third level of football competition in the DDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik or German Democratic Republic, commonly East Germany).

Overview[edit]

1955–1957[edit]

The league was initially established with two divisions of 14 teams each in 1955 as the level of play below the DDR-Liga, and as such was the third tier of the East German football league system instead of the Bezirksliga which was downgraded to the fourth tier due to a reform in the league system. The divisions were Staffel Nord and Staffel Süd. In its inaugural season it was transitional thus there were no promotions or relegations, and teams played each other once within its own division. For the first six campaigns, the calendar season was adopted from the Soviet Union.

In its second season, the divisions were shifted to a home-and-away format. The champions of each division were promoted to the DDR-Liga and the last three clubs in each division were relegated to their respective Bezirksliga and promoted in their place were the six district champions, while in 1957 there were three relegations in total.

1958–1960[edit]

The league added three groups still at 14 teams each and all five were based on Bezirk (district) from north down to south and to save on travel expenses. In the promotion round the five champions competed each other once to decide the three promotions to the second tier. The number of relegations varied, and clubs were often moved between groups to balance out league numbers.

1961–1963[edit]

The league reverted to playing from autumn to spring and as a transition season, it went through three rounds and each of the fourteen clubs played 39 games. From each group, three teams were promoted due to the DDR-Liga adding another group of 14 and the last-placed team was relegated.

For the eighth and final season, the five group champions and one runners-up were promoted to the DDR-Liga, which expanded its divisions to 16 clubs, and the remaining 64 were dropped back to the Bezirksligen which became third tier leagues again. After this reform in the pyramid, the II. DDR-Liga was abolished.

Leagues below the II. DDR-Liga[edit]

For most of the existence of the II. DDR-Liga, the leagues below it were the 15 Bezirksligas, which were introduced in 1952 and formed the fourth tier of the East German pyramid for 8 years. In the last DDR-Liga season, the newly recreated states of former East Germany introduced their own regional leagues, with the exception of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Berlin. They still exist today. The Bezirksligas however have mostly either disappeared, changed their name or exist in a different format. The fifteen Bezirksligas were:

  • Bezirksliga Schwerin
  • Bezirksliga Rostock
  • Bezirksliga Neubrandenburg
  • Bezirksliga Magdeburg
  • Bezirksliga Potsdam
  • Bezirksliga Berlin
  • Bezirksliga Halle
  • Bezirksliga Frankfurt/Oder
  • Bezirksliga Cottbus
  • Bezirksliga Gera
  • Bezirksliga Erfurt
  • Bezirksliga Suhl
  • Bezirksliga Dresden
  • Bezirksliga Leipzig
  • Bezirksliga Karl-Marx-Stadt

Champions of the II. DDR-Liga[edit]

1955–1957[edit]

Season Staffel Nord Staffel Süd
1955 Dynamo Eisleben Chemie Leuna
1956 Stahl Stalinstadt Lok Weimar
1957 Dynamo Eisleben Motor Bautzen

1958–1963[edit]

Season Staffel 1 Staffel 2 Staffel 3 Staffel 4 Staffel 5
1958 Einheit Greifswald Motor Süd Brandenburg Motor Dessau Dynamo Dresden Motor Steinach
1959 Dynamo Hohenschönhausen Vorwärts Cottbus Wissenschaft Halle Motor Karl-Marx-Stadt Chemie Lauscha
1960 Vorwärts Neubrandenburg Stahl Stalinstadt Motor Dessau Vorwärts Leipzig Motor Steinach
1961–62 TSC Oberschöneweide Turbine Magdeburg Vorwärts Leipzig Aktivist Zwickau Motor Weimar
1962–63 Dynamo Schwerin Motor Köpenick Stahl Lippendorf Stahl Riesa Stahl Eisleben

Source: "2. DDR-Liga" (PDF). dsfs.de (in German). Deutscher Sportclub für Fußballstatistiken.

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]