Imereti

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Imereti
იმერეთი
The overlapping borders of the de jure Imereti region and the de facto Republic of South Ossetia.
The overlapping borders of the de jure Imereti region and the de facto Republic of South Ossetia.
Country Georgia
CapitalKutaisi
Government
 • GovernorZviad Shalamberidze[1] (Georgian Dream)
Area
 • Total6,680 km2 (2,580 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)
 • Total486,986
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeGE-IM
Districts11 districts, 1 city
HDI (2017)0.764[2]
high · 4th
Websiteimereti.ge

Imereti (Georgian: იმერეთი) is a region of Georgia situated western part of republic along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni River. Imereti is the most populous region in Georgia. It consists of 11 municipalities and the city of Kutaisi, which is the capital of the region.

Subdivisions[edit]

It consists of the following Georgian administrative-territorial units:

  1. Kutaisi (city)
  2. Baghdati Municipality
  3. Vani Municipality
  4. Zestafoni Municipality
  5. Terjola Municipality
  6. Samtredia Municipality
  7. Sachkhere Municipality
  8. Tqibuli Municipality
  9. Chiatura Municipality
  10. Tsqaltubo Municipality
  11. Kharagauli Municipality
  12. Khoni Municipality

Economy[edit]

Aside from the capital Kutaisi, significant towns and regional centres include Samtredia, Chiatura (manganese production centre), Tkibuli (coal mining centre), Zestafoni (known for metals production), Vani, Khoni, and Sachkhere. Traditionally, Imereti is an agricultural region, known for its mulberries and grapes.

Demographics[edit]

The 800,000 Imeretians speak a Georgian dialect; they are one of the local culture-groups of the ethnically subdivided Georgian people.

History[edit]

In late antiquity and early Middle Ages the ancient western Georgian kingdom of Egrisi existed on the territory of Imereti. Its king declared Christianity as an official religion of Egrisi in 523 AD. In 975-1466 Imereti was part of the united Georgian Kingdom. Since its disintegration in the 15th century, Imereti was an independent kingdom.

In the 17th-18th centuries the kingdom of Imereti experienced frequent invasions by the Turks and paid patronage to the Ottoman Empire until 1810, when it was invaded and annexed by the Russian Empire. The last King of Imereti was Solomon II (1789-1810).

From 1918–1921, Imereti was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. Within the USSR, the region was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR from 1922–1936, and part of the Georgian SSR from 1936–1991. Since Georgian independence in 1991, Imereti has been a region of Georgia with Kutaisi as the regional capital.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Governor of Imereti Appointed".
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°10′N 42°59′E / 42.167°N 42.983°E / 42.167; 42.983