Ingram Micro

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Ingram Micro Inc.
IndustryInformation Technology
Founded1979; 44 years ago (1979)
HeadquartersIrvine, California, U.S.
Key people
Alain Monié, Executive Chairman
Paul Bay, CEO,
Mike Zilis, CFO
Productslifecycle services, software, commerce & fulfillment services, technology services, Cloud
RevenueIncrease US$ 54.5 billion (2021)[1]
Increase US$ 700 million (2020)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$ 15.47 billion (2019)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$ 4.67 billion (2019)[1]
OwnerPlatinum Equity
Number of employees
SubsidiariesAPTEC - An Ingram Micro Company

Ingram Micro is an American distributor of information technology products and services. The company is based in Irvine, California, U.S. and has operations around the world.


1989 Softeurop logo

Ingram Micro's origins trace back to the founding of distributor Micro D, Inc. in July 1979 by husband and wife team, Geza Czige and Lorraine Mecca, who were both teachers. The company started in Southern California and in its first year of business achieved approximately $3.5 million in sales.[2] It rapidly expanded nationwide and held its public offering in 1983. Ingram Industries became a majority stockholder of Micro D in February 1986 when it acquired all of the common stock held by the company's founders, followed by the purchase of the remaining Micro D shares in March 1989.[citation needed]

Meanwhile in 1982, just three years after the founding of Micro D, entrepreneurs Ronald Schreiber, Irwin Schreiber, Gerald Lippes and Paul Willax founded Software Distribution Services in Buffalo, N.Y. Ingram Distribution Group, a unit of the privately held Ingram Industries, acquired Software Distribution Services in the spring of 1985 and renamed it Ingram Software. Ingram Software expanded in December 1985 with the purchase of Softeam, a Compton, Calif.-based distributor. The operation was renamed Ingram Computer in February 1988.[citation needed]

After acquiring the remaining publicly traded shares of Micro D in 1989, Ingram Industries merged these two former competitors to create the microcomputer industry's first $1 billion computer products wholesale distribution company, renaming it Ingram Micro D.[3] The new company established headquarters in Santa Ana, Calif., and retained an East Coast operations center for sales, credit, technical support and customer service in Buffalo, N.Y. The “D” was dropped from the company's name in January 1991, creating Ingram Micro.[citation needed]

In 1996, 17 years after the founding of Micro D, Ingram Micro once again became a public company, listing its shares on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). That year, the company’s revenues totaled more than $12 billion. In 1989 Ingram Micro, then called "Ingram Micro-D", was a subsidiary of the privately owned Ingram Industries group, took over the Belgian Softinvest and its three Softeurop subsidiaries active on the Belgian, the French and the Dutch markets from Brussels, Lille and Utrecht. This was Ingram's first foray outside the United States other than a few Ingram Industries subsidiaries. The company embarked on an active merge, acquisitions and foundation strategy in the European market.[citation needed]

In August 1993, Ingram Micro Belgium acquired Zaventem Electronic Dealer Distribution (Zedd) and much of its assets, including the right to distribute Hewlett-Packard products.[4]

In July 2005 Ingram Micro purchased AVAD, LLC, a wholesale distributor for home automation and A/V gear.[5] It sold this subsidiary in July 2016.[6]

The Shared Services Center in Manila, Philippines, began operations in May 2009. Followed by another one in Sofia, Bulgaria, in 2012.[7][8][9]

Ingram Micro built a presence in areas adjacent to its traditional distribution business, including enterprise computing, automatic identification and data capture (AIDC); point-of-sale (POS); managed, professional and warranty maintenance services; mobility; physical security; and consumer electronics.[citation needed]

Other ventures in 2014 included entry into cloud computing, or software-, platform- and infrastructure-as-a-service.[10]

In June 2014, Ingram Micro changed their logo and introduced a new tagline: "Ingram Micro helps businesses realize the promise of technology".[11]

In December 2015, Ingram Micro acquired Odin Service Automation platform from Parallels[12] for $163.9 million.[13]

In February 2016, Ingram Micro announced its agreement to be acquired by the Chinese company Tianjin Tianhai Investment, an associate company of mega-conglomerate HNA Group, for $6 billion; upon completion, Ingram Micro would become part of Tianjin Tianhai Investment and therefore a subsidiary of HNA Group.[14] It was reported at the time that Alain Monié, Ingram's chief executive, would remain in place.[15] HNA Group director Tan Xiangdong was elected onto the 7-man board of directors of Ingram Micro.[15] The transaction reportedly made Ingram the biggest revenue generator for HNA Group. The strategic reason for the transaction was to better reach "business opportunities in emerging markets, which have higher growth rates and better profitability." HNA Group's logistics and its presence in China was intended to help Ingram's growth.[16] The acquisition was completed in December 2016.[17]

In October 2017, Ingram Micro partnered with DocuSign.[18] In December 2017, Ingram Micro acquired Cloud Harmonics, expanding its cyber security capabilities.[19] In May 2018, Ingram Micro formed CloudBlue.[20]

In December 2020, Platinum Equity announced its intent to acquire Ingram Micro from HNA Technology Co. in an all-cash transaction with an equity value of approximately US$7.2 billion.[21] The transaction completed in July 2021.[22]

In December 2021, CEVA Logistics, a subsidiary of CMA CGM, announced plans to buy Ingram Micro CLS; Ingram's Third Party Logistics arm.[23]

Notable employees[edit]

Former U.S. Congressman Chris Lee once worked at Ingram Micro.[24]

Bülent Ural, who currently works as a sales consultant for Ingram Micro's German branch, was a member of the German-Turkish musical group Sürpriz, which represented Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1999.[25]


  1. ^ a b c d "Ingram Micro Reports 2019 Fiscal Year Financial Results". 20 April 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Company Beginnings Story". Archived from the original on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  3. ^ "Company Beginnings Story".
  4. ^ "Ingram Micro Buys Assets". Los Angeles Times. 1993-08-03. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  5. ^ "Ingram Micro buys AVAD assets". Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  6. ^ Jacobson, Julie (5 July 2016). "AVAD Acquired by Private Equity Firm; Former Klipsch/Harman Execs to Lead the Co". Retrieved 2017-02-23.
  7. ^ Buenviaje, Edge. "Ingram Micro Continues To Grow With Manila Center". GIZGUIDE | Your Gadget Coach. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  8. ^ "Ingram Micro Marks a Milestone – 10 Years of Rocking". 2019-05-27. Retrieved 2021-01-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Agcaoili, Lawrence. "US IT giant puts up new facility in Taguig". Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  10. ^ Spring, Tom (8 April 2014). "Ingram Micro Ups Cloud Ante: Adds Partnerships, Channel Enhancements, Hosted Services". CRN. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  11. ^ "New Logo for Ingram Micro". 2014-06-23. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  12. ^ "Ingram Micro Completes Acquisition of Odin Service Automation Platform and Associated Technologies, Solidifying Leadership Position in the Cloud". 2015-12-21. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  13. ^ "Ingram Micro Annual 10K report for the fiscal year ending Jan 2, 2016; Note 4 — Acquisitions, Goodwill and Intangible Assets". 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  14. ^ "Ingram Micro Enters Into Agreement to be Acquired by Tianjin Tianhai to Become a Part of HNA Group". February 17, 2016. Archived from the original on June 7, 2019. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "天津天海投资发展股份有限公司重大资产购买暨关联交易实施情况报告书" (PDF) (Press release) (in Chinese). GF Securities c/o Tianhai Investment. 12 December 2016. p. 11 – via Shanghai Stock Exchange.
  16. ^ "Ingram Micro Sold to Chinese Company for $6 Billion". The New York Times. 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  17. ^ "Ingram Micro and HNA Group Announce Completion of Acquisition". Business Wire. December 6, 2016. Archived from the original on June 7, 2019. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  18. ^ "Ingram Micro's DocuSign deal gets cloud treatment in Australia". ARN. Archived from the original on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  19. ^ "Ingram Micro Expands Cybersecurity Capabilities with Acquisition of Cloud Harmonics". Archived from the original on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  20. ^ "Ingram Micro Announces the Formation of CloudBlue, a New Cloud Platform Division". Archived from the original on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  21. ^ "Platinum Equity To Acquire Ingram Micro For $7.2 Billion". PR Newswire. December 9, 2020.
  22. ^ "Platinum Equity Completes Acquisition Of Ingram Micro For $7.2 Billion". PR Newswire. July 7, 2021.
  23. ^ "CEVA Logistics, a subsidiary of CMA CGM Group, to integrate Ingram Micro CLS to complete its eCommerce and omni-channel fulfilment offering | CEVA Logistics".
  24. ^ "Chris Lee admits to 'mistake' that led to firing frorm (sic) job in 1989". 2008-11-01. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  25. ^ Ingram Micro DE Ansprechpartner

See also[edit]