Interstate 94 in North Dakota
|Maintained by NDDOT|
|Length:||352.39 mi (567.12 km)|
|West end:||I‑94 at Montana state line|
|East end:||I-94 / US 52 at Minnesota state line|
Interstate 94 runs east–west through the central portion of the U.S. state of North Dakota.
Eastbound, the route enters from Montana at Beach and passes Dickinson, Bismarck, and Jamestown before entering Fargo, where it exits the state at the Red River and continues into Minnesota, southeast to Minneapolis.
The route passes to the south of Theodore Roosevelt National Park's southern unit; access to the northern unit is by US 85 north from Belfield. Eastbound, I-94 changes time zones at the Stark–Morton county line ( ), southwest of Hebron. Mountain time (UTC−7) is observed in Stark County (and west) and Central time (UTC−6) in the rest of the state.
For most of its length in the state, the posted speed limit is 75 miles per hour (120 km/h), with reductions in the greater Bismarck and Fargo areas. Eastbound at Mandan near mile marker 152, it lowers to 60 mph (95 km/h) until mile marker 160 east of Bismarck, where it returns to 75 mph. Approaching Minnesota at West Fargo near exit 346, it lowers briefly to 65 mph (105 km/h) until mile marker 347, then is further reduced to 55 mph (90 km/h).
Interstate 94 has two lanes in each direction through most of the state, expanding briefly to three lanes in each direction in the Bismarck/Mandan area (from Exit 155 to 156) and in Fargo from 45th Street (Exit 348) to the Red River.
Points of interest
The route enters at Beach and passes through the Badlands near Medora near and the south unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. A public rest area about 7 miles (11 km) east of Medora provides an awe-inspiring view, especially at sunset, and an opportunity to hike through some of the scenery on the Painted Canyon Trail. Further east, I-94 provides access to the north unit of the national park, then passes through the cities of Dickinson, Mandan/Bismarck, Jamestown, and Valley City on the way to West Fargo and Fargo, where it leaves the state and crosses into Minnesota.
Through North Dakota, I-94 travels nearly due east-west, generally following both the railroad route and the former route of US 10 (called "The Old Red Trail" or "The National Parks Trail"), where its eastern terminus is at Exit 343 in West Fargo.
The highway intersects with the Enchanted Highway 11 miles (18 km) east of Dickinson at Exit 72. (The small green mile signs on the side of the road initialize at zero on the Montana border). At New Salem, it passes Salem Sue, a 38-foot-high (12 m) sculpture of a Holstein cow and is clearly visible on the south side of the highway; the road to Sue allows a vantage point to view a panoramic landscape. Between Mandan and Bismarck, I-94 crosses the Missouri River with a view of the Northern Pacific (now BNSF) Railroad Bridge to the south. At Steele, it passes the world's largest sculpture of a Sandhill crane, 40 feet (12 m) tall and named "Sandy;" on the south side of I-94, just east of Exit 200. At Jamestown, it passes the world's largest sculpture of a buffalo (actually bison) named "Dakota Thunder," 28 feet (8.5 m) in height and on the north of the highway.
At approximately mile marker 275 on the westbound lanes between Jamestown and Valley City, the highway crosses the Laurentian Continental Divide, at an elevation of 1,490 feet (454 m) above sea level. The rivers that are west of this divide flow South into the Atlantic Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico, while the rivers that are east of the divide flow North into Hudson Bay. The James River, that flows through Jamestown, feeds into the Atlantic Ocean, while the Sheyenne River, that flows through Valley City (36 miles (58 km) east of Jamestown), feeds into Hudson Bay.
In Fargo, a well-known yet unnamed pedestrian bridge crosses over I-94; opened 41 years ago in 1976, in time for the United States' bicentennial. While providing a unique crossing for the surrounding neighborhoods, it serves as a landmark for commuters and travelers. Westbound, it is one of the first North Dakota landmarks visible from the highway.
Interstate 94 roughly follows the route of the former Northern Pacific Railway mainline (now a BNSF Railway route) across North Dakota. Many of the towns and cities that I-94 serves first grew as railroad towns in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The first section of I-94 completed with Interstate funds (under the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956) was a 12-mile (19 km) section between Jamestown and Valley City, North Dakota in 1958.
- I-194—a short spur route into Bismarck (Bismarck Expressway); unsigned
|Golden Valley||||0.000||0.000||I‑94 west – Billings||Continuation into Montana|
|Beach||1.849||2.976||1||ND 16 – Beach||Rest area just south of exit|
|||7.368||11.858||7||Home on the Range|
|||10.478||16.863||10||Camel Hump Lake, Sentinel Butte|
|Billings||||23.001||37.017||23||West River Road||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|||24.315||39.131||24||I-94 Bus. east – Theodore Roosevelt National Park, Medora|
|||27.243||43.843||27||I-94 Bus. west – Theodore Roosevelt National Park, Medora||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|||32.963||53.049||32||Painted Canyon Visitor Center|
|Stark||Belfield||42.366||68.181||42||US 85 – Watford City, Belfield To North Unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park||Interchange with the Theodore Roosevelt Expressway|
|||56.414||90.790||56||ND 22 – Killdeer, Dickinson Truck Bypass|
|Dickinson||59.485||95.732||59||I-94 Bus. west – Dickinson||To Dickinson State University|
|61.476||98.936||61||ND 22 – Killdeer, Dickinson|
|64.204||103.326||64||I-94 Bus. east – Dickinson|
|||Former rest area|
|||72.253||116.280||72||Gladstone, Lefor||Enchanted Highway exit|
|||84.885||136.609||84||ND 8 – Richardton, Mott|
|||102.914||165.624||102||Glen Ullin, Hebron||Half-cloverleaf exit|
|||110.367||177.618||110||ND 49 – Beulah, Glen Ullin|
|New Salem||127.662||205.452||127||ND 31 north – Hazen, New Salem|
|||134.115||215.837||134||Sweet Briar Lake, Judson||Scenic View just east of exit on westbound side|
|||140.118||225.498||140||Crown Butte Dam|
|||147.183||236.868||147||ND 25 / I-94 Bus. east to ND 6 – Center, Mandan|
|Mandan||152.329||245.150||152||Sunset Drive – Mandan||Scenic View just west of exit on eastbound side|
|153.988||247.820||153||ND 1806 (Mandan Avenue)|
|155.026||249.490||155||To I-94 Bus. / ND 6 – Mandan City Center||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|156.069||251.169||156||To I-94 Bus. / Bismarck Expressway (I-194) – Bismarck City Center, West Bismarck, East Mandan|
|Missouri River||Grant Marsh Bridge|
|Burleigh||Bismarck||157.344||253.221||157||Divide Avenue||Modified half-cloverleaf interchange|
|159.419||256.560||159||US 83 north (ND 1804) – Minot, Bismarck||West end of US 83 overlap, North Dakota State Capitol|
|161.439||259.811||161||Bismarck Expressway (I-94 Bus. west) – Lincoln|
|||182.488||293.686||182||US 83 south / ND 14 north – Wing, Sterling||East end of US 83 overlap|
|Steele||200.760||323.092||200||ND 3 north – Tuttle, Steele||West end of ND 3 overlap|
|Dawson||208.702||335.873||208||ND 3 south – Dawson||East end of ND 3 overlap|
|Stutsman||||228.321||367.447||228||ND 30 south – Streeter|
US 52 Truck west / US 281 Truck north
|West end of US 52 Truck/US 281 Truck overlap|
|Jamestown||257.002||413.605||257||I-94 Bus. east – Jamestown||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; left exit|
|258.055||415.299||258||US 52 west / US 281 – Jamestown||East end of US 52/US 281 Truck Bypass overlap; west end of US 52 overlap|
|260.125||418.631||260||I-94 Bus. west – Jamestown|
|||262.361||422.229||262||Jamestown Regional Airport, Bloom|
|||283.139||455.668||283||ND 1 north – Rogers||West end of ND 1 overlap|
|||288.636||464.515||288||ND 1 south – Verona, Oakes||East end of ND 1 overlap|
|Valley City||290.803||468.002||290||I-94 Bus. east – Valley City|
|294.283||473.603||294||I-94 Bus. west – Valley City|
|Oriska||302.712||487.168||302||ND 32 – Oriska, Fingal|
|Tower City||307.679||495.161||307||Tower City|
|||314.863||506.723||314||ND 38 – Buffalo, Alice|
|Casselton||331.226||533.057||331||ND 18 – Casselton, Leonard|
|West Fargo||343.803||553.297||343||US 10 / I-94 Bus. east – West Fargo, Fargo|
|346.442||557.544||346||Sheyenne Street||Signed as exits 346A (south) and 346B (north) westbound|
|347.786||559.707||347||Veterans Boulevard, 9th Street East||Signed as 9th Street East north of I-94 and Veterans Boulevard south of I-94|
|349.584||562.601||349||I-29 / US 81 – Grand Forks, Sioux Falls||Signed as exits 349A (south) and 349B (north); I-29 exits 63A-B|
US 81 Bus. (University Drive) – Downtown Fargo
|352.39||567.12||I-94 east / US 52 east||Continuation into Minnesota|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interstate 94 in North Dakota.|
- "Route Log and Finder List — Interstate System: Table 1". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
- Kerzman, Kris. "Throwback Thursday: A brief history of the Interstate 94 walking bridge". INFORUM. The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- Galadriel Findlay Watson (2001). North Dakota. Weigl Publishers Inc. p. 5. ISBN 1-930954-53-0.
- "Appendix III-09 B: Interchange Numbering on I-94" (PDF). North Dakota Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Google (September 3, 2013). "Former Rest Area" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
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