Morton County, North Dakota
|Morton County, North Dakota|
Morton County Courthouse in Mandan
Location in the U.S. state of North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 27, 1896|
|• Total||1,945 sq mi (5,038 km2)|
|• Land||1,926 sq mi (4,988 km2)|
|• Water||19 sq mi (49 km2), 1.0%|
|• Density||14/sq mi (5/km2)|
Morton County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,471, making it the seventh-most populous county in North Dakota. Its county seat is Mandan. The county was originally created in 1873 and later organized in 1878.
- 1 Early History
- 2 Recent History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Communities
- 6 Politics
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The county was created by the 1872-1873 territorial legislature and named for Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton (1823-1877), governor of Indiana during the American Civil War and later a United States Senator. It was organized on March 23, 1878. The 1878 territorial legislature removed approximately 12 sections of land in the eastern portion of the county, including Fort Abraham Lincoln and the adjacent military reservation, and reassigned it to Burleigh County. Lincoln, the civilian settlement north of Fort Abraham Lincoln, was county seat 1878 to 1879 until it was reassigned to Burleigh County.
After the Northern Pacific Railroad announced the location for the western approach to its Missouri River bridge, a new settlement appeared in December 1878. Initially the US Post Office designated the riverside settlement "Morton" after the corresponding county. The Morton post office would eventually move to the new city center 3 miles west along the railway. The county was reorganized on February 18, 1881 after the detached land was returned to Morton County by the 1881 legislature. The town, eventually renamed Mandan, took on the assignment in 1881 from the reorganized government as its county seat.
The 1,172-mile long Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) route submitted in its final permit applications starting in September 2014 would include a 72-mile portion through Morton County. The county became a focus of DAPL protests in April 2016. In August 2016 the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (SRST) filed and injunction against United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to attempt to halt construction. In his 58-page decision by United States District Judge James E. Boasberg shows that the tribe failed to participate in the process of the USACE and Energy Transfer Partners (ETP) to address the tribes complaints.  Furthermore, the tribe never even mentions their fear of water contamination in the injunction. The injunction was denied and also failed on appeal. Amnesty International wrote a letter to Sheriff Kyle Kirchmeier on September 28, 2016, requesting that he investigate the use of force by private contractors, remove blockades and discontinue the use of riot gear by Morton County sheriff's deputies when policing protests in order to facilitate the right to peaceful protests in accordance with international law and standards. This letter was written in response to private security guards using guard dogs on advancing protesters on September 3, along with using pepper spray. On November 20, North Dakota police officers fired rubber bullets, tear gas, CS canisters and water from fire hoses at rioting protesters in below freezing temperatures.
- Interstate 94
- North Dakota Highway 6
- North Dakota Highway 21
- North Dakota Highway 25
- North Dakota Highway 31
- North Dakota Highway 49
- North Dakota Highway 1806
- Oliver County (north)
- Burleigh County (northeast)
- Emmons County (east)
- Sioux County (southeast)
- Grant County (south)
- Stark County (west)
- Mercer County (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,303 people, 9,889 households, and 6,932 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 10,587 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.82% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 2.39% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 64.5% were of German and 10.6% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 9,889 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,028, and the median income for a family was $44,592. Males had a median income of $30,698 versus $21,301 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,202. About 6.80% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,471 people, 11,289 households, and 7,523 families residing in the county. The population density was 14.3 inhabitants per square mile (5.5/km2). There were 12,079 housing units at an average density of 6.3 per square mile (2.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.6% white, 3.6% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry,
Of the 11,289 households, 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 39.3 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $50,591 and the median income for a family was $62,713. Males had a median income of $42,044 versus $31,505 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,303. About 5.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- Patera, Alan H. (1982). North Dakota Post Offices 1850-1982. The Depot, Burtonsville, Maryland. p. 56.
- Wick, Douglas A. "Mandan (Morton County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on 2007-11-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Certification of the division of Morton County, ND 28 November 1916 Archived 3 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Dalrymple, Amy (18 August 2016). "Pipeline route plan first called for crossing north of Bismarck". The Bismarck Tribune. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- "Dakota Access Order | Sioux". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- "Amnesty International to Morton County Sheriff: Investigate Use of Force Against Protectors at DAPL - Indian Country Media Network". indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "VIDEO: Dakota Access Pipeline Company Attacks Native American Protesters with Dogs and Pepper Spray". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "400 DAPL protesters 'trapped on bridge' as police fire tear gas, water cannon (VIDEO)". RT International. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "Dakota Access Order | Sioux". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-01-24.