Jack of Diamonds (song)
Jack of Diamonds (a.k.a. Jack o' Diamonds and Jack of Diamonds (Is a Hard Card to Play)) is a traditional folk song. It is a Texas gambling song that was popularized by Blind Lemon Jefferson. It was sung by railroad men who had lost money playing conquian. At least twelve white artists recorded the tune before World War II. The song has been recorded under various titles such as "A Corn Licker Still in Georgia" (Riley Puckett) and "Rye Whiskey" (Tex Ritter).
The song is related to "Drunkard's Hiccoughs", "Johnnie Armstrong", "Todlen Hame", "Bacach", "Robi Donadh Gorrach", "The Wagoner's Lad", "Clinch Mountain", "The Cuckoo", "Rye Whiskey", "Saints Bound for Heaven", "Separation", and "John Adkins' Farewell." This family of tunes originally comes from the British Isles, though is most well known in North America. The lyrics may originate in the American Civil War song "The Rebel Soldier" and the melody from the Scottish song "Robie Donadh Gorrach", known by Nathaniel Gow as "An Old Highland Song".
Among others, The following artists have included the song in their repertoire
- Blind Lemon Jefferson (1926)
- Tex Ritter - Very early recording and a song that Ritter is famous for.
- Skip James
- John Lee Hooker (on the album Jack o' Diamonds: 1949 Recordings, released 2004)
- John Jacob Niles
- Odetta (on Odetta Sings Ballads and Blues, 1956)
- Lonnie Donegan released it as a single in 1957 (available on Rock Island Line: The Singles Anthology 1955-1967, released 1985)
- Ruth Brown released a version as a single in 1959.
- Betty Johnson recorded a version for Atlantic Records in 1958.
- Mance Lipscomb
- Ramblin' Jack Elliott (on multiple LPs)
- The Daily Flash, a 1960s Seattle-based folk rock group, released their version as a single in June 1966 (available on a 1998 compilation box Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968, Rhino Records).
- Fairport Convention recorded a version on their debut album. Credited to Bob Dylan and Ben Carruthers, it featured lyrics based on the original.
- Tarbox Ramblers used it to open their first album.
- Waylon Jennings (with the .357s on the album Waylon Forever)
- Corb Lund and the Hurtin' Albertans (on their album Five Dollar Bill)
- Dave Matthews
- Tommy Jarrell
- Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds (on the album B-Sides & Rarities, released 22 March 2005.)
- P.W. Long (on the album We Didn't See You On Sunday, released 1997.)
- Alexander Hacke & Danielle de Picciotto (on the 2008 album Ship Of Fools)
- The Ramblin' Riversiders
- Traditional American musician Frank Fairfield has incorporated the song into his live sets
- Scott H. Biram (on the album Nothin' But Blood, released 2014)
- The Charlatans
- The Ghosts Of Johnson City recorded a version of the song (titled "Rye Whiskey") for their 2015 album "Am I Born To Die?"
- The Cuckoo (song), often titled "Coo Coo" or "Coo Coo Bird", was recorded by Clarence Ashley in 1929 and contains a similar reference to the Jack of Diamonds. A cover version was recorded by Big Brother and the Holding Company as "Coo Coo." 
- Lomax, Alan (1941). John Avery Lomax, Alan Lomax, Ruth Crawford Seeger, ed. Our singing country: folk songs and ballads. Courier Dover Publications. p. 303. ISBN 0-486-41089-7.
- Urgo, Joseph R.; Abadie, Ann J. (2007). Faulkner's inheritance. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 64. ISBN 1-57806-953-X.
- Laird, Tracey E. (1 December 2003). "Country Music Sources: A Biblio-Discography of Commercially Recorded Traditional Music". Library and information science.
- Beisswenger, Drew; McCann, Gordon (2006). Ozarks Fiddle Music. Mel Bay Publications. p. 94. ISBN 0-7866-7730-9.
- Samuel Bayard, Dance to the Fiddle, March to the Fife (University Park & London: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1982), p.567
- Matteson Jr., Richard (2006). Bluegrass Picker's Tune Book. Mel Bay Publications. p. 196. ISBN 0-7866-7160-2.
- "Jack O' Diamonds". Bluegrass Messengers. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YTZegTMVsw; Frank Fairfield, recording his version, titled “Rye Whiskey” with Radio Station KEXP on 11/18/09
- Cohen, Norm (2005). Folk music: a regional exploration. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 55. ISBN 0-313-32872-2.