April 27, 1967
Fire safety officer
|Known for||Activism as part of the Yellow vest movement.|
Jacline Mouraud (born 24 April 1967 in Guérande) is a French activist credited as being one of the founders of the yellow vest movement. She rose to national attention as a result of a viral Facebook video she posted in October 2018 about France's proposed proposed eco-tax to which she was opposed. Mouraud quickly found herself on regional and national television debating French MPs, representing the average person impacted by France's new fuel laws. Mouraud is a divisive figure in the movement, being criticized by other yellow vest activists including Priscilla Ludosky and Eric Drouet, and the French media who have accused her of sharing of "fake news".
Despite having previously stated she was apolitical, Mouraud created Les Émergents (English: The Risen) in January 2019 with the intention of running candidates to run in France's local elections in 2020. The party was to be neither left nor right, and Mouraud did not necessarily see herself as being included on the candidate list.
Mouraud is a composer and accordion player, who has played in dance halls, music venues and music festivals. She has also operated a paranormal and ectoplasm center since 2013 in Morbihan.
Yellow vest movement
According to The Guardian, Mouraud has been "been widely credited with starting the yellow vests movement" (French: gilets jaunes). Mouraud visibility in the movement came as a surprise to her and others. At the time, she was earning less than €1,000 a month and her most valuable possession was her car, a black diesel SUV that she had bought ten years ago for €11,000. Some months, she was earning only €800 per month.
Her involvement in the movement began in October 2018 when she posted a Facebook video that went viral about France's proposed proposed eco-tax to which she was opposed. The video was 4 minutes and 38 seconds in length, and has over 6 million views. In it, she asked French President Emmanuel Macron, “What are you doing with the money apart from buying new dishes at the Élysée Palace and building yourself swimming pools?”  The video was not her first of its kind, with Mouraud having made a similar won in April 2017.
In November 2018, Mouraud lodged a complaint with the police as a result of defamatory statements made against her and threats she had received from her participation in the yellow vest movement. The defamatory and threatening materials were left in her mailbox. In early December, she was part of a delegation of yellow vest protesters who met with France's Prime Minister Edouard Philippe. In December 2018, Mouraud criticized what she saw as extremists who were trying to hijack the movement through violence. She later backed away from protests, instead preferring to see what she saw as a political solution to France's problems. In February 2019, she denounced statements by members of the Italian government about the yellow vest movement, viewing these statements as serious interference into France's domestic political scene.
Mouraud was criticized by Priscilla Ludosky and Eric Drouet in mid-January 2019 of being in the movement in order to hijack it for her own personal and political ambitions. The media has also been highly critical of Mouraud for her comments about the paranormal and ectoplasm. Mouraud is also at times a polarizing figure among others in the yellow vest movement. Some of the criticism is a result of her sharing of "fake news", for which she has been called out for by media organizations such as 20 minutos.
Early on, as part of Mouraud's involvement in what eventually became the yellow vest movement, she claimed to be apolitical. In October 2018, she claimed this because of her belief that all politicians were corrupt.
In January 2019, Mouraud created Les Émergents (English: The Risen), a political party that grew out of the yellow vest movement, with the intention of running candidates to run in France's local elections in 2020, sitting out the 2019 European Parliament elections. She stated that the party “won’t be rightwing or leftwing." Her platform for the party includes making a stronger parliament by weakening the powers of the executive, and to bring pay equity between men and women. Her platform is also concerned with climate change and the "cut of consumerism." S he announced the creation of the party at a press conference in Orléans. She delayed naming the location of the press conference out of fear that it would be disrupted by others in the officially leaderless yellow vest movement.
Mouraud's proposed list for 2020 is to be headed by Ingrid Levavasseur, another well known yellow vest activist. The list emerged from the group Citizen Initiative Rally (French: Ralliement d’initiative citoyenne). Mouraud did not necessarily see herself as being part of that list.
Mouraud is a composer and accordion player. She has seen her purpose as to bring joy to people through music. She has worked in dance halls and music venues. She has also played at music festivals. I n 2014, Mouraud made received extensive local news coverage after creating a composition for a proposed new French national anthem.
Mouraud is from Brittany. She was born on 24 April 1967 in Guérande. She attended Ecole Saint Gildas in Marzan from 1970 to 1978. She next attended College Saint Joseph La Roche-Bernard from 1978 to 1982. After that she attended Lycée Aristide Briand in Saint Nazaire from 1982 to 1986.
Mouraud is a hypnotherapist, artist and fire safety officer. In 2013, she opened a paranormal and ectoplasm center with a friend. In 2018, she was working in Morbihan as a hypnotherapist. Sessions she conducts include helping to get people to stop smoking.
- Willsher, Kim (28 January 2019). "Second gilets jaunes protester launches political party". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- Samuel, Henry (8 December 2018). "Jacline Mouraud: Founder of Yellow Vest movement denounces extremists hijacking her tax protest". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- AFP (9 February 2019). "Pour Jacline Mouraud "il y a une personne de trop à la tête de l'exécutif"". Paris Match (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "Jacline Mouraud: "Gelbwesten"-Aktivistin der ersten Stunde will eigene Partei gründen". Welt (in German). 8 January 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- AFP (15 November 2018). "Qui est Jacline Mouraud, l'égérie du 17 novembre ?". Le Dauphine (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- Dell'arti, Giorgio (19 November 2018). "Jacline Mouraud, la donna che guida le proteste per la benzina in Francia". Alganews (in Italian). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "Plainte de Jacline Mouraud, égérie des gilets jaunes". L'est Republicain (in French). 27 November 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- Quiñonero, Juan Pedro (15 November 2018). "Estalla la "fronda" de los chalecos amarillos contra Macron". ABC (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "Carburants : Jacline Mouraud, une habituée des coups de gueule". Europe 1. 5 November 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- Laparade, Lionel (8 February 2019). "Gilets jaunes : pour Jacline Mouraud, " le mouvement est complètement noyauté par l'ultradroite et l'ultragauche "". La Depeche (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- AFP (8 February 2019). "Les " gilets jaunes " divisés sur la rencontre avec le vice-premier ministre italien". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "Priscillia Ludosky, la force tranquille des "gilets jaunes"". L'Obs (in French). 15 January 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
- Lemaire, Martin (16 November 2018). "Jacline Mouraud : pourquoi la porte-parole des gilets jaunes divise". Lintern@ute (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- Marlowe, Lara (16 November 2018). "Revolt over high fuel prices threatens to paralyse France". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "Gilets jaunes. L'autre vie de Jacline Mouraud". Les Infos du Pays Gallo (in French). 25 November 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- MOURAUD, Jacline (2019). "Jacline MOURAUD". Copains d'avant (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- AFP (15 November 2018). "Jacline, la Bretonne par qui tout a commencé ou presque". Le Express (in French). Retrieved 10 February 2019.