Jakarta Kota railway station

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Jakarta Kota Station
Stasiun Jakarta Kota
Jakarta Kota Station.jpg
North entrance to the station (2007)
Location Jalan Stasiun Kota No. 1, Pinangsia, Taman Sari, West Jakarta
Indonesia
Coordinates 6°08′15″S 106°48′53″E / 6.1375°S 106.8147°E / -6.1375; 106.8147Coordinates: 6°08′15″S 106°48′53″E / 6.1375°S 106.8147°E / -6.1375; 106.8147
Elevation +4 m
Owned by PT Kereta Api
Operated by PT Kereta Api
KA Commuter Jabodetabek
Line(s) Tanjung Priok-Jakarta Kota
Jakarta Kota-Manggarai
Jakarta Kota-Jatinegara
Platforms 6 bay platforms
Tracks 12
Connections TransJakarta
Other information
Station code JAKK
History
Opened 1887 (old building); 1929 (current building)
Rebuilt 1926 - 1929
Services
Preceding station   KRL Jabodetabek   Following station
Tanjung Priok-Jakarta Kota Terminus
toward Bekasi
Bekasi-Jakarta Kota Terminus
toward Bogor
Bogor-Jakarta Kota
toward Depok
Depok-Jakarta Kota

Jakarta Kota Station (Indonesian: stasiun Jakarta Kota, station code: JAKK) is a terminal train station, located in the old city core of Jakarta.

The station was named Batavia Zuid[1] (or South Batavia) until the beginning of the 20th century. The station was also popularly known as the Beos Station as an abbreviation of Bataviasche Ooster Spoorweg Maatschapij or the Batavian Eastern Railway Company.

Jakarta Kota Station serves as a main station, along with Gambir Station, Jatinegara Station, and Pasar Senen Station, for several intercity train (Argo Train) lines across Java Island. This station also serves three of the six KRL Jabotabek train lines, which operate in the Jakarta metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The first station was built in 1887 by the Bataviasche Oosterspoorweg Maatschapij (BOS), a private railway company. The station was named Batavia Zuid (South Batavia) to distinguish it from the older Batavia Noord (North Batavia) station. The latter was owned by another private railway company and was situated a small distance to the north, directly behind the former city hall. The public railway company Staatsspoorwegen acquired both the southern and northern station in 1898 and 1913 respectively.[2]

The southern BOS station was closed in 1923,[2] and was rebuilt between 1926 and 1929, during which all rail services were temporarily taken over by the Batavia North station. The station building was designed in 1927-1928 by the architects Asselbergs, Ghijsels and Hes from the architectural company Algemeen Ingenieurs-en Architectenbureau (AIA) in Batavia. During construction in 1928-1929 concrete from the Hollandsche Beton Maatschappij ("Dutch Concrete Company") was used.[2] The main building was the designed with 12 railway tracks, designated to connect Batavia with Buitenzorg, the port of Tandjoeng Priok, and the port of Merak near the Sunda Strait with a ferry connecting Western Java with Southern Sumatra.[2] The new and current building was officially opened on 8 October 1929 with a private ceremony by the company staff.[3] All rail services to the old city were then reassigned to the new southern station, while the remaining northern station was demolished.

The new station was nicknamed BEOS after the previous station owners, the BOS. Officially named station Batavia Stad ("Batavia City station"), it is located at the Stationsplein ("Station square") in Batavia Benedenstad ("Downtown Batavia"), nowadays Jalan Stasiun Kota Barat.[2] The station was appointed a historical and cultural landmark status in 1993.[citation needed]

Building[edit]

The station in 1938
The main hall inside

The design of the station by the Dutch architect Frans Johan Louwrens Ghijsels (born 8 September 1882) is a combination of Western Art Deco and local architecture styles.

Jakarta Kota Station is a two-storey station surrounded by streets on three sides with one main entrance and two side entrances. The main entrance and hall are characterized by a barrel vault roof with openings horizontally composed with the top dominated by vertical units (lunettes).

The inside wall of the hall is finished with rough-textured brown ceramic and the outside wall at the bottom of the whole building was covered with green-yellowish plaster. The station floor uses yellow teak and grey wood, and for the platform floor yellow waffle teakwood is used. Jakarta Kota station has six platforms serving 12 tracks. The platforms are sheltered by canopies supported by steel columns.

Services[edit]

Both regional intercity trains and local commuter trains start from this station:

Intercity[edit]

KRL Jabodetabek (Commuter Line)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jakarta Kota station
  2. ^ a b c d e "Beos, Stasiun" (in Indonesian). Jakarta.go.id. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Het nieuwe Station Batavia", Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad, Batavia, 14 October 1929

External links[edit]

Media related to Jakarta Kota Station at Wikimedia Commons

Preceding station Connections Following station
Terminus   Jakarta Kota-Manggarai railway   Jayakarta
Terminus   Jakarta Kota-Jatinegara railway   Kampung Bandan
Kampung Bandan   Tanjung Priok-Jakarta Kota railway   Terminus