Jalalabad, Muzaffarnagar

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Jalalabad, Shamli
Jalalabad
Jallabad
Town
Nickname(s):
Jalalabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Jalalabad
Jalalabad
Jalalabad (Uttar Pradesh)
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Shamli district
Elevation 133 m (436 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 27,921
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Jalalabad (Hindi: जलालाबाद, Urdu: جلال آباد Jalālābād) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Shamli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is a historical town situated on Delhi Saharanpur road. Dating back to the Mughal period, situated close to the borders of Haryana and Uttarakhand states, and surrounded by a very fertile agricultural region famous for plentiful yields in grains and fruits, Jalalabad is internationally famous for its wood carving work cottage industry. It is a thriving market of local agricultural produce, including basmati rice and mangoes. A variety of agro-based industrial enterprises - such as textile, sugar, paper and cigarette factories - are located around it. It is 41 km from Saharanpur and 40 km from Muzaffarnagar.

History[edit]

Initially, a part of the Pundir Rajput kingdom,[citation needed] Jalalabad later came under the control of the Mughal Empire.

Little is known about the history of the Muzzaffaranagar district as an administrative unit until the reign of Akbar. In his days, the present parganas roughly corresponded to the sixteen mahals, which formed a part of two sirkars (Delhi and Saharanpur) in the subah of Delhi. Of these mahals, Sardhana was included in the sirkar of Saharanpur and together with the bulk of the present district of Muzaffarnagar, formed a dastur (an administrative unit). Jalalabad came under the Meerut dastur.

Later, the tehsil of Ghaziabad constituted the mahals (administrative units) of Jalalabad, along with Dasna and Loni. Under the Marathas, the districts were included in the Saharanpur, or Baoni division, which consisted of fifty two parganas, and this arrangement continued till 1803, when, by a treaty, the Sindhia ceded to the British the whole of his possessions between the Ganges and the Yamuna. The conquered territory was partition and attached to the districts of Etawah, Aligarh and Moradabad. The last-named including Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and the parganas in the neighbourhood of Hapur and Meerut.

In 1804, the upper doab was separated by the Moradabad district and was constituted into a new district (under the name of Saharanpur) flanked by the Ganga on the east of the Yamuna on the west end bounded by some hills (called the Srinagar hills) on the north and the district of Aligarh on the south. Between 1804 and 1806, the parganas of Baghpat, Sarnawa, Loni, Chhaprauli, Dasana, Jalalabad and Dadri were placed in the charge of the residents at Delhi but later were attached to the southern division of Saharanpur, with a collector resident at Meerut, the revenue administration of the northern division being under the collector stationed at Saharanpur. The district of Meerut came into being in 1818 and included the southern division of the Saharanpur district and the Aligarh paragans of Dankaur Kasna Adha, Tilbegampur, Sikandarabad, Baran, Malagarh, Agauta and Ahar-Malakpur. This position remained unaltered till 1824, when the Aligarh Parganas with Thana Farida and Dadri, were transferred to the new district of Bulandshahar and the paragans of Khatauli, Soron, Lalukheri, Jansath, Shamli, Baghpat and Jauli to the new district of Muzaffarnagar. The tehsils of the district in 1823 were Meerut, Pariksjitgarh, Khatauli, Kandhla, Dasna, Hapur and Sikandarabad. By this time, district had assumed something of its present shape and size, but its boundaries, area and internal adjustments kept on undergoing several changes till 1859. The first change took place in 1835 (after the lapse of the jagir of Bala Bai of Gwalior), when the district was reconstituted with the tahsils of Meerut, Hastinapur, Kandhla, Baghpat, Dasna, Hapur, and Puth-Siyana; the second with the lapse of the estates of Begum Samru in 1836, when the parganas of Sardhana, Barnawa and Kotana were included in the district, each forming a separate tahsil till 1840; the third in 1842, when the paragans of Shikarpur, Sambhlera, Bhuma, Kandhla and Budhana were transferred to Muzaffarnagar, the tahsils constituting the district then being Meerut, Sardhana, Baraut, Baghpat, Hapur and Dasna; the fourth in 1853 when 110 villages of Loni and 14 of Dasna were transferred to Delhi, 15 being given to Muzaffarnagar and 7 being received in exchange.

In 1859, pargana Loni was restored to Meerut and its consisted of 130 villages, of which 104 were those that had been transferred to Delhi, and 26 were new villages that belonged to Delhi. In May of that year, the district was reorganised so far as to constitute six tahsils, those of Meerut with 323 estates; Sardhana with 154; Baghpat with 277; Muradnagar with 266; Hapur with 329; and Mawana with 289. In 1859 the headquarters of Muradnagar tahsil was transferred to Ghaziabad, the same arrangement continuing till now. All the villages within five miles (8 km) of the railway bridge on the Yamuna were transferred from this district to the Delhi province on April 1, 1915, the area thus lost being 29,177 acres (118.08 km2) or approximately 46 square miles (120 km2).

Geography[edit]

Jalalabad is located at 29°22′N 77°15′E / 29.37°N 77.25°E / 29.37; 77.25.[2] It has an average elevation of 133 metres (436 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Jalalabad had a population of 23,568. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Jalalabad has an average literacy rate of 37%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 45%, and female literacy is 28%. In Jalalabad, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age. Jalalabad has a cosmopolitan culture. Now it has been famous for garlic production. The main crops are garlic, onions, potato & sugercane.

Schools[edit]

  • NP Inter College
  • Guru Nanak Kanya Vidhalya
  • DPS(Diviya Public School)
  • Middle High School
  • Urdu Maktab School
  • Alpine Public School
  • Sent. Look Public School
  • Old Madarsa
  • Primary school No- 1
  • Primary school No- 2
  • Alpine Degree College
  • Tibbya School
  • Rashtriya Junior High School
  • Guru Nanak Primary school
  • Madarsa Badiyon Wala

References[edit]

External links[edit]