|Elevation||197 m (646 ft)|
|• Density||684/km2 (1,770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District. The city was an important center for the Revolt of 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the founder of Indian National Congress was district collector then). Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is also the site of the remains of the Great Hedge of India. The noted Hindi writer Gulabrai was a native of Etawah.
As per 2011 census, Etawah city had a population of 257,838 - an increase of 22% from 211,460 in 2001 census. (The entire Etawah district had a population of 1,581,810 in 2011.) The literacy rate was 82.89 per cent.
During the ninth and tenth centuries, this region was governed by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest of Kannauj by Nagabhata II handed Pratiharas control over this region. During the reign of Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe from thieves and rich in natural resources.
Revolt of 1857
During the First War of Independence in 1857, major disturbances occurred in Etawah and the district was occupied by the freedom fighters from June to December. British rule was not completely restored till the end of 1858.
Modern history and economy
The district is partly watered by branches of the Ganges canal.
It is traversed by the main line of the Indian railway (northern zone) from Delhi to Howrah (Calcutta).
The region has a 652 MW natural gas-based power generation plant. However it lacks manufacturing industries.
Etawah was known for its handloom products; most of them are converted into powerlooms thanks to the advent of better technology. 'Etawah' is derived from the burner of bricks (where bricks are made); it has thousands of brick centre between its boundaries.
|Mainpuri-Etawah Branch Railway Line|
Also CNB Shatabdi halts at etawah.
Etawah is well-connected by roads with the rest of Uttar Pradesh state. National Highway 2 passes through Etawah, connecting it to important cities like Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad and Kolkata. There are three big cities namely Gwalior, Agra and Kanpur, are nearby to Etawah with well connected roads.
Within the city, auto-rickshaw and cycle rickshaw are the major form of transport. Bus services run at high frequencies.
- Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology or Baba Saheb Dr. B.R.A. College of Agriculture Engineering & Technology, Etawah is a faculty of Technology of Kanpur's Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, established during the year 1994-95.
Schools & Colleges
- Karm Kshetra Post Graduate College or K.K. P.G. College, Etawah is a college offering under-graduate and post-graduate courses in Science, Arts, Commerce faculties. The college is affiliated to Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University (formerly Kanpur University).
- District Institute of Education and Training, Etawah is a B.T.C. training college. It offers 2 year B.T.C. which is also known as Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed.) outside of Uttar Pradesh.
- St. Mary's Inter College, Etawah is an English medium School in Etawah. The school is affiliated to CBSE, New Delhi and NCERT published books are introduced form class VI and onwards.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History".
- The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, Peter Jackson, Cambridge University Press, 2003 p. 135
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