Jaroměř

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Jaroměř
Town
Aerial view of the center of Jaroměř
Aerial view of the center of Jaroměř
Flag of Jaroměř
Flag
Coat of arms of Jaroměř
Coat of arms
Jaroměř is located in Czech Republic
Jaroměř
Jaroměř
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°21′01″N 15°55′06″E / 50.35028°N 15.91833°E / 50.35028; 15.91833Coordinates: 50°21′01″N 15°55′06″E / 50.35028°N 15.91833°E / 50.35028; 15.91833
CountryCzech Republic
RegionHradec Králové
DistrictNáchod
First mentioned11th century
Government
 • MayorJosef Horáček
Area
 • Total23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)
Elevation
254 m (833 ft)
Population
(2012-01-01)
 • Total12,618
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
551 01 - 551 02
WebsiteOfficial website

Jaroměř (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaromɲɛr̝̊]; German: Jermer) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 15 kilometers northeast of the district town of Hradec Králové. The town lies at the confluence of three rivers, the Úpa, the Metuje and the Elbe. There are 12,778 inhabitants (1 January 2005).

The town includes the Fortress Josefov, a separate entity until 1948.

History[edit]

Air photo of centrum

The historic old town has been inhabited for more than a thousand years. Early in the 11th century a Prince of the Přemyslid dynasty built a fortress and named it Jaroměř. The village was elevated to the status of royal town under King Otakar I of Bohemia.

Over 1780 to 1787, the Emperor Joseph II built on the left bank of the Elbe and Metuje rivers, the imperial fortress Ples. Later this conurbation took the name of Josefstadt (Joseph town). In 1948 the fortress town was renamed Josefov and incorprorated into Jaroměř.

The historic old town with distinct arcades and a Marian column designed by Matthias Braun was constructed over 1723 to 1727. There was only ever a small German-speaking minority and in 1938 the town eluded being incorporated into the Sudetenland. The following year to 1945 it was part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

The famous painter Josef Šíma was born here in 1891.

Culture[edit]

Each summer, the city (or specifically the nearby Fortress Josefov) hosts Brutal Assault, the biggest Central European extreme metal music festival. Over 10.000 metalheads from all over Europe flood the city streets for three days each year.

Nature[edit]

Next to the Fortress Josefov along River Metuje is Josefov Meadows Bird Reserve owned by the Czech Society for Ornithology and freely accessible to the public. It is home to many rare and endangered species of birds and amphibians thanks to its returning wetlands ecosystem.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Jaroměř is twinned with:

External links[edit]