Jeff Pulver

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Jeff Pulver
Jeff Pulver taken in Feb 2019.jpg
Pulver in Feb 2019
Born (1962-09-12) September 12, 1962 (age 59)
OccupationInternet entrepreneur
Call signWA2BOT

Jeff Pulver is an American Internet entrepreneur known for his work as founder and chief executive of, pulveREDU and co-founder of Free World Dialup, Vonage, VON Coalition and Zula (app). Pulver has been called a Voice over Internet Protocol pioneer, and has written extensively on VoIP telephony, and the need to develop an alternative to government regulation of its applications layer.


Jeff Pulver grew up in a Jewish family[1] in Kings Point, New York, and was graduated from Great Neck North High School in 1980.[2] While working at a Long Island accounting firm, Pulver founded Spreadsheet Solutions Corp. to market add-ins for Lotus 1-2-3 and Excel.[3][4]

A licensed amateur radio operator since the age of 12, Pulver holds the call sign WA2BOT, and credits the hobby with sparking his interest in internet technology, saying, "it was amateur radio that unlocked [my] connection to voice over IP”.[5]

He became interested in Internet telephony in 1995, when he was as a systems administrator at Cantor Fitzgerald. Pulver founded a company called in 1998 to offer Voice over IP (VOIP) services; he recruited Jeffrey A. Citron to join, who helped raise $12 million in funding, including $1 million of his own money, and took over as CEO.[6][7] The company changed its name to Vonage in 2001.[8]: 90  Pulver left the Vonage in 2002 to start another VOIP venture called Free World Dialup.[6] In that company, Pulver invented the CellSocket, a device to make and receive cellular voice calls via a standard phone, and was listed as a BusinessWeek Tech Guru in 2003.[9] Pulver is the chief writer of what is referred to as the Pulver Order, which was adopted in 2004 by the Federal Communications Commission as the first FCC ruling regarding Internet Protocol (IP) communications. The order ruled that computer-to-computer VoIP is not a telecommunications service. He coined the term purple minutes to describe value-added IP network traffic. Considered one of the leading experts in the field of streaming audio and video technologies, Pulver has been called a pioneer in VoIP telephony.[10] He was profiled in 2006 by The Wall Street Journal, discussing his visions about both voice and video communications via the Internet.

In 1995 he coined the term VON to stand for Voice/Video on the Net and continues today to contribute words to both the telecom and social media vernacular. In 1996 he founded the VON Coalition which helped keep VoIP unregulated in America for 9 years. From 1997 to 2008 he produced and hosted the VON Conferences. VON conferences in the US and Europe helped create and coalesce ecosystems around VoIP, online communications.

He has also been named as "a leading thought-leader on the Real-Time Web", and refers to himself as “a habitual entrepreneur who likes to start Internet communications companies.”[11][12][13][14][15][10][16][17][18][19]

Pulver organizes a conference series focusing on Twitter activities and strategy called 140 Characters Conference (140conf) that is held in various locations around the world. He has also hosted events that bring people to the Caicos islands to "see the night sky, learn about astronomy and talk about the future".[20] Pulver is also an investor in startup companies.[21] Pulver resides in Great Neck, New York.[22] He also spent time in Remsenburg, New York.[23]

In 2016, Pulver launched an Internet communication conference series called MoNage, “The Future of the Conversational Web, Chatbots and Messaging”, with events in Boston and San Jose.[24]


  • is a guide to TV on the Internet founded by Pulver.[25]


  1. ^ AIFL and Wall Street Come Together to Celebrate Israel Day at the New York Stock Exchange and Seek Out the Next Big Thing. The Jewish Voice and Opinion. December 2011. p. 43. Jeff Pulver, a once lonely Jewish boy from Long Island who found salvation in Ham radios and morphed that fascination using technology developed by the IDF...
  2. ^ Pulver, Jeff (October 16, 2000). "Jeff's 20th High School Reunion..." The Pulver Report. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  3. ^ Maykuth, Andrew (August 1990). "The 1-2-3 career path". Lotus Magazine.
  4. ^ Pulver, Jeff (March 8, 2005). "VON Spring 2005: Jeff Pulver bio". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  5. ^ O'Dell, J. "Vonage co-founder: VoIP came from ham radio, big bad telecoms, and getting fired". Venturebeat. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  6. ^ a b Takahashi, Dean (19 March 2008). "Updated: Jeff Pulver's world full of voices". VentureBeat.
  7. ^ Richtel, Matt (June 3, 2006). "Is Vonage Sinking Or Coming Up for Air?; Stock's Dive at Debut Is Among the Deepest Seen in Recent Years". New York Times.
  8. ^ "Amendment No. 8 to Form S-1". Vonage via SEC Edgar. 23 May 2006. Filing detail page
  9. ^ "Thinking Outside the (Phone) Lines". BusinessWeek. April 1, 2003. Archived from the original on December 16, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-19.
  10. ^ a b Richard Grigonis (8 January 2000). Computer telephony encyclopedia. Focal Press. pp. 513–. ISBN 978-1-57820-045-0. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  11. ^ Gorney, Douglas. "Internet Communications Pioneer Jeff Pulver to Keynote Artexpo NY 2011". January 24, 2011. Artexpo New York. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  12. ^ Steve Garfield (15 January 2010). Get Seen: Online Video Secrets to Building Your Business. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 309–. ISBN 978-0-470-60639-1. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  13. ^ Strange, Adario (26 April 2007). "The Future of Internet Telephony Could Hang on Vonage Case". 04.26.07. Wired Magazine. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  14. ^ Jonathan E. Nuechterlein; Philip J. Weiser (1 March 2005). Digital crossroads: American telecommunications policy in the internet age. MIT Press. pp. 198–. ISBN 978-0-262-14091-1. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  15. ^ Shel Holtz; John C. Havens; Lynne D. Johnson (2009). Tactical transparency: how leaders can leverage social media to maximize value and build their brand. John Wiley and Sons. International Association of Business Communicators. pp. 211–. ISBN 978-0-470-29370-6. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  16. ^ Meisel, John B.; Needles, Michael (2005). "Voice over internet protocol (VoIP) development and public policy implications". The Journal of Policy, Regulation and Strategy for Telecommunications, Information and Media. Bradford, IL: Emerald Group Publishing. 7 (3): 3–15. doi:10.1108/14636690510596766. ISSN 1463-6697.
  17. ^ Verity, John W. (August 5, 1996). "Calling All Net Surfers". Business Week. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Jeffrey L. Pulver, president of Inc
  18. ^ Pulver, Jeff (September 12, 2005). "Today's my Birthday." Jeff Pulver's blog. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011.
  19. ^ Sharma, Amol (2006-06-13). "Mr. Pulver Has Just Two Words For You: Internet Video". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
  20. ^ Percy, Allan. "Seeing Stars with Jeff Pulver". Telecom Reseller. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  21. ^ Goldenberg, Roy. "Jeff Pulver sets up $2-3m Israel early-stage VC fund". Globes, Israel's Business Arena. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  22. ^ National Board of Directors: Risa Pulver. Diabetes Research Institute Foundation.
  23. ^ Coolidge, Christine (July 24, 2009). "Risa and Jeff Pulver Host Louis Vuitton Trunk Show At Their Home".
  24. ^ MoNage, The Future of the Conversational Web, Chatbots and Messaging Conference
  25. ^ Shonfeld, Eric. "Pulver Launches An Online TV Guide In The Form of a Cube (PrimeTimeRewindTV)". Tech Crunch. AOL TV. Retrieved 10 February 2012.

External links[edit]

FCC documents[edit]

Congressional testimony[edit]